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Table 78. Percent and standard error for public secondary schools that offered instruction in creative writing, and of those schools, percent and standard error for reporting various ways that creative writing was taught or included in the school curriculum, by school characteristics: School year 200910
 
School characteristic Offered instruction
in creative writing
Various ways that creative writing was taught:1
Separate courses in
creative writing
Processes and techniques
in creative writing were
taught in courses offered
by the English department
Creative writing activities
and instruction were
integrated into other areas
of the curriculum
Other way(s) of
teaching creative writing
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
                     
All public secondary schools 96 (0.6) 31 (1.6) 89 (1.2) 76 (1.4) 3 (0.7)
                     
Enrollment size                    
Less than 500 95 (1.2) 29 (2.6) 88 (2.2) 75 (2.4) 2! (1.0)
500 to 999 96 (1.0) 22 (2.1) 88 (1.9) 77 (2.0) 3! (1.1)
1,000 or more 97 (0.8) 47 (2.7) 90 (1.7) 74 (2.3) 3 (1.0)
Community type                    
City 95 (1.4) 29 (3.0) 86 (2.6) 74 (3.4) 2! (0.9)
Suburban 97 (1.3) 35 (2.5) 89 (2.2) 75 (2.8) 4 (1.2)
Town 98 (1.2) 26 (3.6) 89 (2.9) 77 (3.8) (†)
Rural 96 (1.2) 32 (3.1) 90 (1.9) 76 (2.1) 3! (1.2)
Region                    
Northeast 97 (1.6) 41 (3.9) 93 (2.2) 81 (3.1) 4! (1.3)
Southeast 95 (1.6) 26 (3.3) 88 (2.2) 78 (2.6) 2! (0.8)
Central 96 (1.3) 35 (3.7) 91 (1.9) 74 (2.7) 4! (1.8)
West 96 (1.1) 27 (2.9) 85 (2.2) 72 (3.3) 2! (0.8)
Percent combined
enrollment of Black and
other races/ethnicities
2
                   
Less than 6 percent 96 (1.5) 37 (3.8) 92 (2.2) 77 (3.0) 4! (†)
6 to 20 percent 98 (0.9) 32 (2.6) 91 (1.7) 72 (3.1) 3! (1.1)
21 to 49 percent 96 (1.6) 31 (3.5) 89 (2.3) 75 (2.7) 3! (1.0)
50 percent or more 95 (1.2) 26 (3.3) 84 (2.3) 78 (2.9) 2! (0.7)
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch
                   
0 to 25 percent 97 (1.1) 43 (3.2) 91 (1.4) 74 (2.8) 2! (0.8)
26 to 50 percent 95 (0.9) 29 (2.8) 90 (1.8) 76 (2.4) 4! (1.5)
51 to 75 percent 95 (1.3) 25 (3.0) 86 (2.5) 77 (3.0) 2! (0.7)
76 percent or more 96 (1.7) 28 (5.2) 88 (3.5) 78 (3.2) (†)
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution; the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to 30 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Creative writing is defined as an instructional program that describes the process and techniques of original composition in various literary forms, such as short stories, plays, and poetry.
2 Other races/ethnicities include Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native students.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System, “Secondary School Arts Education Survey: Fall 2009,” FRSS 101, 2009–10.

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