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Table 39. Among public elementary school visual arts specialists who participated in professional development activities, percent and standard error reporting that participation in the activity improved their teaching to a moderate or great extent, by school characteristics: School year 2009–10
 
School characteristic Activities designed for visual arts teachers Activities designed for all teachers
Applied study in art studio (e.g., painting, photography) Developing knowledge about visual arts (e.g., historical, cultural, analytical) Connecting visual arts learning with other subject areas Research on arts and student learning (e.g., arts and cognition) Integrating educational technologies into visual arts instruction Incorporating state or district standards into instruction Student assessment A subject area that is unrelated to visual arts
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
                                 
All public elementary school 75 (2.2) 77 (2.0) 72 (2.2) 70 (2.3) 68 (2.2) 59 (2.0) 56 (1.7) 42 (2.4)
visual arts specialists
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 81 (4.9) 79 (5.2) 67 (5.0) 73 (6.6) 67 (5.0) 54 (5.1) 58 (5.4) 35 (6.4)
300 to 499 71 (4.3) 75 (3.5) 71 (3.5) 72 (3.8) 67 (3.8) 56 (3.6) 52 (3.4) 40 (3.8)
500 or more 77 (2.8) 78 (2.9) 75 (2.7) 67 (3.5) 70 (3.0) 64 (3.0) 58 (3.4) 47 (3.9)
Community type                                
City 77 (3.7) 81 (2.8) 79 (3.3) 69 (4.9) 74 (3.8) 66 (3.2) 61 (4.1) 40 (4.7)
Suburban 72 (4.0) 75 (3.2) 70 (3.8) 69 (3.6) 68 (3.3) 58 (3.1) 53 (3.4) 40 (4.1)
Town 73 (7.3) 76 (6.0) 66 (5.6) 61 (10.3) 56 (7.2) 54 (5.9) 48 (6.7) 45 (7.9)
Rural 80 (3.5) 75 (4.2) 68 (4.0) 75 (4.4) 67 (4.1) 51 (4.2) 57 (4.3) 46 (6.0)
Region                                
Northeast 72 (4.0) 79 (4.2) 74 (4.9) 73 (3.9) 64 (4.1) 53 (4.2) 49 (3.3) 41 (4.5)
Southeast 76 (3.0) 81 (3.4) 71 (3.2) 71 (5.0) 72 (3.8) 62 (2.8) 62 (3.6) 47 (6.0)
Central 78 (4.6) 72 (5.0) 70 (4.0) 67 (4.4) 67 (4.2) 58 (3.9) 56 (3.3) 38 (5.3)
West 76 (4.7) 76 (5.2) 72 (4.8) 71 (6.0) 72 (5.5) 63 (4.4) 56 (5.1) 44 (7.9)
Percent combined
enrollment of Black and
other races/ethnicities1
                               
Less than 6 percent 84 (3.7) 76 (4.8) 71 (4.5) 68 (5.6) 74 (4.5) 47 (4.7) 53 (5.4) 45 (5.5)
6 to 20 percent 66 (4.2) 73 (4.5) 66 (4.3) 62 (4.5) 62 (4.8) 57 (3.9) 54 (4.2) 36 (5.0)
21 to 49 percent 72 (5.1) 77 (5.1) 74 (5.2) 75 (5.1) 60 (4.4) 62 (4.5) 53 (5.0) 41 (6.4)
50 percent or more 80 (3.1) 81 (2.8) 75 (2.9) 73 (3.7) 75 (3.5) 65 (2.7) 60 (3.9) 45 (3.7)
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch
                               
0 to 25 percent 72 (4.3) 74 (4.8) 73 (5.1) 71 (4.5) 67 (4.1) 58 (3.9) 61 (3.6) 39 (5.0)
26 to 50 percent 72 (4.3) 73 (4.3) 67 (4.4) 72 (5.3) 65 (4.6) 53 (4.3) 48 (4.1) 39 (5.6)
51 to 75 percent 78 (4.2) 81 (4.3) 71 (3.5) 71 (6.0) 70 (4.4) 55 (3.9) 49 (3.7) 41 (5.4)
76 percent or more 82 (4.3) 82 (3.7) 76 (4.0) 67 (5.1) 73 (4.5) 69 (3.2) 64 (4.5) 49 (4.4)
1 Other races/ethnicities include Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native students.
NOTE: Percents are based on the percentage of teachers who participated in each professional development activity (52 percent for applied study in art studio, 56 percent for developing knowledge about visual arts, 69 percent for connecting visual arts learning with other subject areas, 46 percent for research on arts and student learning, 62 percent for in integrating educational technology into visual arts instruction, 70 percent for student assessment, and 41 percent for a subject area that is unrelated to visual arts). Arts specialists are education professionals with a teaching certificate in an arts discipline—such as music, visual arts, dance, or drama/theatre—who provide separate instruction in that discipline.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System, “Survey of Elementary School Visual Arts Specialists,” FRSS 102VA, 2009–10.

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