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Table 161. Percent and standard error for public secondary schools that offered instruction in creative writing, and of those schools, percent and standard error for reporting various ways that creative writing was taught or included in the school curriculum, by school characteristics: School year 19992000
 
School characteristic Offered instruction in
creative writing
Various ways that creative writing was taught:1
Separate courses in
creative writing
Processes and techniques
in creative writing were
taught in courses offered
by the English department
Creative writing activities
and instruction were
integrated into other areas
of the curriculum
Other
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
All public secondary schools 99   (0.3) 34 (1.9) 90 (1.1) 81 (1.4) 6   (1.2)
                         
Enrollment size                        
Less than 500 100   (†) 30 (4.0) 94 (1.5) 84 (2.7) 7 ! (2.3)
500 to 999 100 2 (0.4) 36 (2.9) 88 (1.6) 81 (2.3) 7   (1.7)
1,000 or more 97   (1.1) 40 (2.8) 87 (2.4) 76 (2.7) 5   (1.3)
Region                        
Northeast 99   (0.8) 35 (4.6) 88 (2.5) 87 (3.7) 9 ! (3.3)
Southeast 99   (0.6) 27 (3.6) 87 (3.3) 79 (2.7) 4 ! (1.7)
Central 100   (0.2) 43 (3.9) 91 (1.8) 80 (2.6) 5 ! (1.6)
West 99   (0.6) 30 (2.9) 93 (1.7) 80 (3.2) 8   (2.5)
Percent combined enrollment of Black and other races/ethnicities3                        
Less than 6 percent 100   (†) 40 (4.5) 94 (1.4) 83 (2.7) 8   (2.2)
6 to 20 percent 99   (0.5) 39 (3.7) 94 (1.7) 78 (3.7) 6 ! (2.0)
21 to 49 percent 98   (0.9) 26 (3.0) 89 (2.3) 82 (3.5) 3 ! (1.5)
50 percent or more 99   (0.7) 30 (3.3) 82 (3.1) 80 (3.2) 6 ! (1.9)
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                        
0 to 25 percent 100   (0.2) 39 (3.1) 91 (1.6) 80 (2.4) 8   (1.7)
26 to 50 percent 99   (0.6) 33 (3.8) 92 (1.7) 80 (3.2) 7 ! (2.5)
51 to 75 percent 99   (0.9) 25 (5.0) 90 (2.6) 82 (4.1) 5 ! (2.4)
76 percent or more 97   (2.0) 33 (9.2) 76 (7.2) 87 (5.4)   (†)
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution; the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to 30 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1Creative writing is defined as an instructional program that describes the process and techniques of original composition in various literary forms, such as short stories, plays, and poetry.
2 Rounds to 100 percent.
3 Other races/ethnicities include Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students.
NOTE: The data presented in this table may differ from previously published information because missing data from the 1999–2000 surveys were imputed for analysis in this report.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System, “Secondary School Arts Education Survey: Fall 1999,” FRSS 67S, 1999–2000.

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