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Table 147. Percentage and standard error for public elementary school music specialists, visual arts specialists, and classroom teachers reporting that they participated in various professional development activities, and of those teachers, percentage distribution and standard error for the number of hours spent and the extent to which participation improved teaching: School year 1999–2000 (Table 147—Continued)
 
Type of teacher, by professional development activity Participated in professional development Number of hours spent in professional development1
Percent Standard
error
1 to 8 hours More than 8 hours
Percent Standard
error
Percent Standard
error
             
Music specialist            
Activities designed for music teachers            
Applied study in performing music 49 (2.8) 47 (4.1) 53 (4.1)
Applied study in improvising, arranging, or composing music 31 (2.3) 61 (4.8) 39 (4.8)
Developing knowledge about music (e.g., historical, cultural, analytical) 61 (2.9) 69 (3.4) 31 (3.4)
Connecting music learning with other subject areas 72 (2.1) 64 (3.5) 36 (3.5)
Integrating educational technologies into music instruction 65 (2.6) 73 (3.3) 27 (3.3)
Activities designed for all teachers            
Incorporating state or district standards into instruction 78 (2.1) 63 (2.9) 37 (2.9)
             
Visual arts specialist            
Activities designed for visual arts teachers            
Applied study in art studio (e.g., painting, photography) 56 (3.0) 47 (3.6) 53 (3.6)
Developing knowledge about visual arts (e.g., historical, cultural, analytical) 73 (2.6) 54 (4.0) 46 (4.0)
Connecting visual arts learning with other subject areas 79 (3.0) 57 (3.6) 43 (3.6)
Integrating educational technologies into visual arts instruction 63 (3.4) 68 (3.6) 32 (3.6)
Activities designed for all teachers            
Incorporating state or district standards into instruction 81 (2.4) 53 (3.8) 47 (3.8)
             
Classroom teacher            
Activities focusing on arts education            
Applied study in one of the arts or arts education 28 (2.2) 84 (2.2) 16 (3.6)
Developing knowledge about the arts (e.g., historical, cultural, analytical) 26 (2.2) 82 (2.2) 18 (3.7)
Connecting arts learning with other subject areas 46 (2.4) 74 (2.4) 26 (3.2)
Activities designed for all teachers            
Incorporating state or district standards into instruction 91 (1.2) 49 (1.2) 51 (2.3)
Integrating educational technologies into instruction 85 (1.6) 58 (1.6) 42 (2.8)
See notes at end of table.