Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Glossary

A | B | C | E | F | I | K | L | N | O | P | R | S | U |

Added Agency
An agency that is reported for the first time although it has been in operation for more than one year.

Administrative and Service Agency
Includes supervisory unions and regional education service agencies. (See also "Supervisory Union" and "Regional Education Service Agency".)

Agency Charter Status
Indication of the relationship between the agency and associated charter schools. Categories are: all associated schools are charters; some associated schools are charter; no associated schools are charter.

Bureau of Indian Education School and District
A school or district that is directly funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (formerly Bureau of Indian Affairs), U.S. Department of the Interior.

Changed Boundary Agency
An agency that was included in the prior year’s CCD, but that has undergone a significant change in geographic boundaries or instructional responsibility.

Charter Agency
School district that includes only charter schools, typically a single school that was authorized under the charter.

Charter School
A school providing free public elementary and/or secondary education to eligible students under a specific charter granted by the state legislature or other appropriate authority, and designated by such authority to be a charter school.

Closed Agency
An agency that was operating in the prior year, but is closed in the current reporting year.

Top

Elementary/secondary Education
Programs providing instruction, or assisting in providing instruction, for students in prekindergarten, kindergarten, grades 1 through 12, and ungraded programs.

Federally Operated Education Agency
A federally operated agency that is charged, at least in part, with providing elementary and/or secondary instruction or support services.

Full-time Equivalency (FTE)
The amount of time required to perform an assignment stated as a proportion of a full-time position and computed by dividing the amount of time employed by the time normally required for a full-time position.

Future Agency
An agency that is scheduled to become operational within two years.

Inactive Agency
An agency that is temporarily closed and expected to reopen within 3 years.

Kindergarten
A group or class that is part of a public school program and is taught during the year preceding first grade.

Local Education Agency (LEA)
The agency at the local level whose primary responsibility is to operate public schools or to contract for public school services.

Local Education Agency Type
A classification of educational agencies according to the level of administrative and operational control. The types are 1) local school district that is not a component of a supervisory union; 2) local school district that is a component of a supervisory union; 3) supervisory union administrative center; 4) regional education services agency; 5) state-operated agency; 6) federally operated agency; 7) charter agency; 8) other education agencies.

Top

New Agency
An agency that is opened for the first time within the reported school year.

Non-operating Agency
An agency that does not provide services during the reported school year. Include inactive, closed, and future agencies.

Operating Agency
An agency that provides services during the reported school year. Include continuing, added, reopened, changed boundry, and new agencies.

Prekindergarten
A group or class that is part of a public school program taught during the year or years preceding kindergarten, excluding Head Start students, unless Head Start is part of an authorized public education program of an LEA.

Public School
An institution that provides educational services and: 1) has one or more grade groups (prekindergarten through grade 12) or is ungraded; 2) has one or more teachers to give instruction; 3) is located in one or more buildings or sites; 4) has an assigned administrator; 5) receives public funds as primary support; and 6) is operated by an education agency.

Regional Education Service Agency
An agency created for the purposes of providing specialized educational services to other education agencies.

Regular School
A public elementary/secondary school providing instruction and education services that does not focus primarily on special education, vocational/technical education, or alternative education, or on any of the particular themes associated with magnet/special program emphasis schools.

Regular School District
Agency responsible for providing free public education for school-age children residing within its jurisdiction. This category excludes local supervisory unions that provide management services for a group of associated school districts; regional education service agencies that typically provide school districts with research, testing, and data processing services; state and federally operated school districts; and other agencies that do not fall into these groupings.

Top

State Education Agency (SEA)
An agency of the state charged with primary responsibility for coordinating and supervising public instruction, including setting standards for elementary and secondary instructional programs.

State-Operated Agency
Agency that is charged, at least in part, with providing elementary and/or secondary instruction or support services. Examples include elementary/secondary programs operated by the state for the deaf or blind; and programs operated by state correctional facilities.

Student Membership
Annual headcount of students enrolled in school on October 1 or the school day closest to that date. In any given year, some small schools will not have any students.

Supervisory Union
An education agency where administrative services are performed for more than one school district by a common superintendent.

Ungraded Class
A class that is not organized on the basis of grade grouping and has no standard grade designation. This includes regular classes that have no grade designations and special classes for exceptional students that have no grade designations. Such a class is likely to contain students of different ages who, frequently, are identified according to level of performance in one or more areas of instruction rather than according to grade level or age level.

Unified School District
School district that provides both elementary and secondary education services and instruction.

Top


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.