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Table 4.  Current expenditures per pupil at the 5th percentile, median, and 95th percentile cutpoints, federal range ratio, and number and percentage of unified school districts and students for public elementary and secondary unified school districts, by state and unified independent charter school districts: Fiscal year 2008

State (excluding independent charter school districts) Current expenditures1 per pupil Federal range ratio2 Number of unified school districts3 Percentage of districts that are unified3 Number of students in unified school districts3 Percentage of students in unified school districts3
5th percentile Median 95th percentile  
United States  $7,163 $9,288 $16,916   1.4 10,529 77.8 44,587,700 92.5
                   
Alabama  7,906 9,040 11,186   0.4 131 100.0 742,919 100.0
Alaska  11,687 21,730 36,500   2.1 53 100.0 130,624 100.0
Arizona  6,468 8,247 15,841   1.4 100 46.3 620,884 62.9
Arkansas  7,089 8,119 10,147   0.4 245 100.0 476,110 100.0
California  7,410 8,861 14,670   1.0 383 40.1 4,598,216 74.4
                   
Colorado  7,162 8,953 15,590   1.2 178 100.0 796,824 100.0
Connecticut  11,488 13,187 17,342   0.5 116 68.6 514,386 93.8
Delaware  9,628 11,619 14,641   0.5 16 100.0 107,596 100.0
District of Columbia  14,594   0.0 1 100.0 58,191 100.0
Florida  8,071 8,925 10,826   0.3 67 100.0 2,645,680 100.0
                   
Georgia  8,508 9,586 11,984   0.4 178 98.9 1,645,394 100.0
Hawaii  11,800   0.0 1 100.0 179,897 100.0
Idaho  5,910 7,704 13,772   1.3 109 94.8 265,713 100.0
Illinois  6,821 8,326 11,094   0.6 385 44.3 1,301,940 62.0
Indiana  7,210 8,323 10,777   0.5 291 99.7 1,033,081 100.0
                   
Iowa  7,347 8,479 10,789   0.5 337 92.6 480,133 99.0
Kansas  8,140 10,220 14,014   0.7 288 98.0 467,040 99.9
Kentucky  7,435 8,578 10,194   0.4 169 97.1 664,311 99.7
Louisiana  8,088 9,482 14,401   0.8 72 98.6 664,732 99.9
Maine  9,857 12,448 20,932   1.1 114 50.2 163,730 84.8
                   
Maryland  10,982 12,036 14,749   0.3 24 100.0 845,700 100.0
Massachusetts  10,189 12,046 16,838   0.7 213 70.5 850,846 93.3
Michigan  7,708 8,528 11,476   0.5 521 94.6 1,575,210 99.9
Minnesota  7,617 9,098 11,867   0.6 327 96.2 805,744 99.7
Mississippi  6,777 8,099 10,795   0.6 148 97.4 492,026 99.7
                   
Missouri  6,796 8,332 11,981   0.8 447 85.6 887,745 98.8
Montana  7,713 12,796 23,780   2.1 51 12.1 16,470 11.5
Nebraska  8,110 10,194 15,404   0.9 254 100.0 290,912 100.0
Nevada  8,044 9,990 23,528   1.9 16 94.1 428,699 100.0
New Hampshire  9,471 12,317 15,794   0.7 66 40.7 154,035 78.7
                   
New Jersey  12,583 14,885 21,993   0.7 221 40.3 1,000,153 75.3
New Mexico  8,293 11,408 21,119   1.5 89 100.0 329,045 100.0
New York  12,598 15,921 25,127   1.0 646 92.9 2,682,804 98.3
North Carolina  7,307 8,415 10,652   0.5 115 100.0 1,408,316 100.0
North Dakota  7,419 10,108 17,810   1.4 150 80.2 92,716 97.6
                   
Ohio  7,362 8,493 11,688   0.6 611 99.8 1,743,205 100.0
Oklahoma  6,431 7,934 12,494   0.9 427 79.2 619,457 96.5
Oregon  7,933 9,257 17,765   1.2 176 91.2 561,898 99.9
Pennsylvania  8,568 10,218 14,119   0.6 497 99.4 1,717,241 99.9
Rhode Island  10,705 13,021 17,289   0.6 32 88.9 142,057 98.8
                   
South Carolina  7,799 9,112 12,040   0.5 85 100.0 710,685 100.0
South Dakota  6,907 8,798 14,496   1.1 157 98.1 121,448 99.9
Tennessee  6,465 7,239 8,745   0.4 122 90.4 944,189 97.6
Texas  7,299 8,922 14,144   0.9 973 94.4 4,570,493 99.8
Utah  5,321 6,434 12,765   1.4 40 100.0 556,314 100.0
                   
Vermont  9,234 13,487 16,420   0.8 37 15.5 33,298 37.4
Virginia  8,589 9,705 14,109   0.6 131 99.2 1,230,369 100.0
Washington  8,011 9,129 18,117   1.3 247 83.7 1,020,957 99.2
West Virginia  8,949 9,860 11,189   0.3 55 100.0 281,735 100.0
Wisconsin  8,997 10,312 12,832   0.4 369 86.6 830,541 95.7
Wyoming  12,301 14,857 27,719   1.3 48 100.0 85,991 100.0
Independent charter school districts4  5,097 7,796 19,121   2.8 413 23.8 244,165 39.5
† Not applicable. The District of Columbia and Hawaii consist of only one unified school district each.
1 Current expenditures include instruction, instruction-related, support services, and other elementary/secondary current expenditures, but exclude expenditures on capital outlay, other programs and payments to state and local governments, interest on long-term debt, and payments to private and charter schools.
2 The federal range ratio is the difference between the amount per pupil of the district at the 95th percentile of current expenditures per pupil and the district at the 5th percentile divided by the amount per pupil for the district at the 5th percentile.
3 Unified school districts are school districts that provide both elementary and secondary education services and instruction.
4 All associated schools are charter schools that provide both elementary and secondary education services and instruction.
NOTE: How to read this table: Using Alabama as an example, this table shows that 5 percent of unified school districts have current expenditures per pupil of $7,906 or less. If all unified school districts were listed by size of current expenditures per pupil, the district at the midpoint (median) would have current expenditures per pupil of $9,040. Five percent of unified school districts have current expenditures per pupil of $11,186 or more. The federal range ratio shows that the current expenditures per pupil for district at the 95th percentile are 40 percent higher than the current expenditures per pupil for district at the 5th percentile. National figures do not include independent charter school districts. National and state figures include charter schools that are affiliated with regular school districts. Only regular school districts matching the Common Core of Data (CCD) “Local Education Agency Universe Survey” and with student membership greater than zero were used in creating the national and state figures; 92.8 percent of all school districts met these criteria. Independent charter school districts matching the Common Core of Data (CCD) “Local Education Agency Universe Survey” with revenues greater than zero and expenditures greater than zero were included in the charter school analysis; 98.5 percent of charter school districts met these criteria.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “School District Finance Survey (F-33),” fiscal year 2008, Version 1a.


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