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Table 4.  Total student membership, total staff, student/teacher ratio, and student/staff ratio for public elementary/secondary education, by teacher and staff category and state or jurisdiction: School year 200809
Student/teacher ratio Student/staff ratio
State or jurisdiction Total student membership   Total staff Total student/ teacher ratio1 Kindergarten student/ teacher ratio Elementary student/ teacher ratio2 Secondary student/ teacher ratio3   Total student/other instructional and student support staff ratio4 Total student/ administrative support staff ratio5 Total student/ administrative and all other support staff ratio6
United States7 49,265,044   6,328,318 15.3 20.3 19.2 12.1   42.7 221.9 30.4
                       
Alabama  745,668   97,614 15.6 12.0 21.2 10.5   56.7 207.5 23.9
Alaska  130,662   17,160 16.5 24.2 21.5 10.8   42.2 102.0 28.5
Arizona  1,087,817   105,548 19.9 26.6 18.8 20.2   42.2 356.8 53.0
Arkansas  478,965   71,270 12.9 11.1 18.5 9.4   32.1 198.2 31.2
California  6,322,528 8 590,016 20.8 21.8 20.7 22.8   63.7 341.5 39.3
                       
Colorado  818,443   102,566 16.8 18.9 20.9 11.3   33.6 203.8 35.0
Connecticut  567,198   92,474 11.7 24.3 11.3 11.2   28.6 532.6 25.8
Delaware  125,430   14,821 15.1 27.1 20.9 9.1   45.8 169.0 45.9
District of Columbia  68,681   12,131 12.9 19.6 18.1 7.9   28.1 115.6 19.5
Florida  2,631,020   340,713 14.1 19.6 25.3 11.8   60.1 266.7 27.8
                       
Georgia  1,655,792   239,139 13.9 16.3 16.4 10.2   39.4 186.1 25.2
Hawaii  179,478   21,610 15.9 24.5 21.2 10.3   37.0 240.3 44.2
Idaho  275,154   27,261 18.2 36.0 23.5 11.3   65.8 309.9 42.9
Illinois  2,119,707   221,005 15.6 26.0 14.6 15.1   45.3 215.3 83.1
Indiana  1,046,147   141,979 16.7 19.8 21.7 11.2   35.4 240.8 24.1
                       
Iowa  487,559   72,350 13.6 14.6 17.5 9.3   31.8 185.2 28.6
Kansas  471,060   55,355 13.1 21.7 19.2 7.4   38.1 200.7 129.8
Kentucky  670,030 8 100,217 15.4 41.9 20.6 19.5   35.1 168.3 20.8
Louisiana  684,873   100,873 13.9 20.3 13.8 12.2   37.1 213.9 25.4
Maine  192,935   36,459 12.1 17.1 11.3 12.6   22.6 103.2 20.2
                       
Maryland  843,861   116,856 14.3 20.1 16.0 10.9   43.1 119.8 29.2
Massachusetts  958,910   123,636 13.6 20.5 13.6 12.3   28.6 143.6 88.3
Michigan  1,659,921   208,058 17.5 30.0 29.3 14.2   40.5 200.0 27.0
Minnesota  836,048   109,222 15.7 22.8 21.0 11.4   26.7 199.7 42.8
Mississippi  491,962   72,050 14.7 19.9 22.4 10.3   35.6 165.4 24.8
                       
Missouri  917,871   132,347 13.6 17.7 18.7 8.5   45.0 213.1 24.5
Montana  141,899   19,212 13.6 15.9 13.8 13.3   39.9 199.0 35.3
Nebraska  292,590   45,243 13.3 16.8 13.6 11.4   31.8 176.0 25.4
Nevada  433,371   33,548 19.7 34.9 26.5 15.8   68.9 403.5 129.6
New Hampshire  197,934   32,849 12.6 23.7 11.9 13.0   22.8 169.3 30.5
                       
New Jersey  1,381,420 8 205,672 12.0 27.9 16.8 8.4   31.9 487.3 32.5
New Mexico  330,245   47,850 14.5 19.6 17.0 19.3   30.5 151.7 29.5
New York  2,740,805 8 428,139 12.6 14.7 17.3 11.5   46.2 217.2 20.8
North Carolina  1,488,645   207,859 13.6 17.8 18.8 8.8   35.2 222.5 32.9
North Dakota  94,728   15,636 11.6 15.4 12.2 10.1   30.5 108.0 29.7
                       
Ohio  1,817,163   244,730 16.1 21.7 22.9 10.7   42.0 251.3 23.4
Oklahoma  645,108   87,478 13.9 21.8 20.3 8.9   45.1 228.9 29.2
Oregon  575,393   65,106 19.1 21.0 18.3 19.4   41.0 269.5 32.6
Pennsylvania  1,775,029 8 251,928 13.7 23.9 19.1 9.7   41.0 207.9 27.0
Rhode Island  145,342   18,290 12.8 26.7 17.4 8.0   49.0 269.2 48.1
                       
South Carolina  718,113   69,790 14.4 22.8 14.4 14.7   53.3 226.9 533.5
South Dakota  126,764   18,391 13.7 22.1 14.5 15.3   35.9 122.0 29.8
Tennessee  971,950 8 126,841 15.0 18.9 15.1 15.2   48.8 277.5 27.2
Texas  4,752,148   649,381 14.5 17.7 21.2 10.3   49.7 175.9 25.3
Utah  559,778   49,057 23.7 40.9 33.9 16.2   49.3 348.8 47.9
                       
Vermont  92,446   19,370 10.5 16.4 17.9 8.5   15.0 138.6 27.6
Virginia  1,235,795   203,567 17.3 21.3 25.1 10.5   28.3 192.1 15.8
Washington  1,037,018   104,617 19.1 28.7 25.7 14.8   65.0 255.0 37.0
West Virginia  282,729   38,596 14.0 19.7 20.6 7.7   46.7 153.0 29.0
Wisconsin  873,750   106,597 14.7 18.1 20.6 9.3   43.1 248.1 40.6
Wyoming  87,161   15,841 12.5 18.2 16.4 7.9   23.9 123.3 21.6
Department of Defense dependents schools, Bureau of Indian Education, and other jurisdictions 
DoDDS: DoDs Overseas9 56,768   7,526 12.5 22.2 28.9 8.4   55.0 209.5 38.9
DDESS: DoDs Domestic9 28,013   3,845 13.1 21.9 25.7 6.5   46.6 195.9 32.3
Bureau of Indian Education  40,927    
American Samoa     
Guam     
Commonwealth of the                       
Northern Mariana Islands  10,913   1,043 21.2 30.7 25.6 13.5   40.4 259.8 54.6
Puerto Rico  503,635   70,034 12.8 16.5 9.6   85.4 298.9 22.7
U.S. Virgin Islands  15,768 8 2,472 11.8 20.4 16.4 11.0   25.2 140.8 50.4
– Not available.
1 Total teachers include prekindergarten, kindergarten, elementary, secondary, and teachers of ungraded classes.
2 Elementary students includes students in grades 1–8.
3 Secondary students includes students in grades 9–12.
4 Other instructional and student support staff includes instructional aides, instructional coordinators and supervisors, librarians, library support staff, and student support staff.
5 Administrative staff includes school and school district administrators.
6 Administrative and all other support staff includes district- and school-level administrative support staff and all other support staff.
7 U.S. totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
8 State membership totals in California include adjusted values for one grade. In Kentucky, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and the Virgin Islands one or more reported values was changed to the sum of grade detail by race/ethnicity from the State Nonfiscal Survey or the sum of grade detail from the School Universe survey.
9 DoDDS and DDESS are the Department of Defense dependents schools (overseas) and the Department of Defense dependent schools (domestic), respectively.
NOTE: All staff counts are full-time-equivalent (FTE) counts. Some staff counts were imputed based on current-year data. Some staff counts were adjusted or disaggregated from reported totals.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 2008–09, Version 1a.


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