P | S |
- American Indian/Alaska Native
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South
America (including Central America), and who maintains tribal affiliation or community
attachment. (OMB directive, 1977, 1997)
- Asian/Pacific Islander
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands. This area includes, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Samoa, and other Pacific Islands. (OMB directive, 1977)
- A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. (OMB directive, 1977, 1997)
- Bureau of Indian Education school and district
A school or district that is directly funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (formerly Bureau of Indian Affairs), U.S. Department of the Interior.
- elementary/secondary education
Programs providing instruction, or assisting in providing instruction, for students in prekindergarten, kindergarten, grades 1–12, and ungraded programs.
- full-time equivalency (FTE)
The amount of time required to perform an assignment stated as a proportion of a full-time position and computed by dividing the amount of time employed by the time normally required for a full-time position.
- guidance counselor/director
Professional staff assigned specific duties and school time for counseling students and parents, addressing learning problems, evaluating student abilities, and assisting students in career and personal development. The state applies its own standards in apportioning the aggregate of guidance counselors/directors into the elementary and secondary level components.
A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. (OMB directive, 1977, 1997)
- instructional aide
Staff assigned to assist a teacher with routine activities associated with teaching (i.e., activities requiring minor decisions regarding students), such as monitoring, conducting rote exercises, operating equipment, and clerking. Includes only paid staff, and excludes volunteer aides.
- instructional coordinator and supervisor
Staff supervising instructional programs at the school district or subdistrict level, including supervisors of educational television staff; coordinators and supervisors of audiovisual services; curriculum coordinators and in-service training staff; Title I coordinators and home economics supervisors; and supervisory staff engaged in the development of computer-assisted instruction. School-based department chairpersons are excluded.
- instructional support staff
Includes instructional coordinators and supervisors and instructional aides. (See also, "Instructional Coordinator and Supervisor" and "Instructional Aide").
- A school offering a low grade of 7 or higher and a high grade of 12.
- Inactive School
- A school that is temporarily closed and expected to reopen within three years.
- Instructional Level
- The lowest and highest grade offered by a school determines its instructional level. The four instructional levels are: primary (lowest grade of prekindergarten to 3; highest grade up to 8), middle (lowest grade 4 to 7; highest grade 4 to 9), high (lowest grade 7 to 12; highest grade 12), and other (all other configurations, including prekindergarten, kindergarten, or 1 to 12).
A group or class that is part of a public school program and is taught during the year preceding first grade.
A professional staff member or supervisor assigned specific duties and school time for professional library services activities. These include selecting, acquiring, preparing, cataloging, and circulating books and other printed materials; planning the use of the library by students, teachers, and instructional staff; and guiding individuals in the use of library books and material maintained separately or as a part of an instructional materials center.
- library and media support staff
Staff member who renders other professional library and media services; also includes library aides and those involved in library/media support. Duties include selecting, preparing, caring for, and making available to instructional staff, equipment, films, filmstrips, transparencies, tapes, TV programs, and similar materials maintained separately or as part of an instructional materials center. Also include activities in the audiovisual center, TV studio, related work-study areas, and services provided by audiovisual personnel.
- local education agency (LEA)
The government agency at the local level whose primary responsibility is to operate public schools or to contract for public school services.
- local education agency (LEA) administrative support staff
Staff members providing direct support to LEA administrators, business office support, data processing, secretarial and other clerical staff.
- other support staff
Support staff not reported in instructional or student support. Include employees such as plant and equipment maintenance, bus drivers, security, and food service workers.
- prekindergarten student
- A student who is enrolled in a group or class that is part of a public school program taught during the year or years preceding kindergarten, excluding Head Start students unless part of an authorized public education program of a local education agency.
- public school
An institution that provides educational services and: (1) has one or more grade groups (prekindergarten through grade 12) or is ungraded; (2) has one or more teachers to give instruction; (3) is located in one or more buildings or sites; (4) has an assigned administrator; (5) receives public funds as primary support; and (6) is operated by an education agency.
- school administrator
Staff whose activities are concerned with directing and managing the operation of a particular school. Category includes principals, assistant principals, and other assistants; and persons who supervise school operations, assign duties to staff members, supervise and maintain the records of the school, and coordinate school instructional activities with those of the education agency, including department chairpersons.
- student membership
Annual headcount of students enrolled in school on October 1 or the school day closest to that date. In any given year, some small schools will not have any students.
- student/teacher ratio
The ratio of students to teachers in a school district, based on the total number of students (student membership) and the total full-time-equivalent (FTE) number of teachers reported in the schools associated with the school district. The student/teacher ratio does not represent class size, but rather is a district-level measure of students and teachers.
A professional school staff member who instructs students in prekindergarten, kindergarten, grades 1–12, or ungraded classes and maintains daily student attendance records.
- Two or more races
A person choosing more than one of the five race categories. (OMB directive, 1997)
- ungraded class
A class that is not organized on the basis of grade grouping and has no standard grade designation. This includes regular classes that have no grade designations and special classes for exceptional students that have no grade designations. Such a class is likely to contain students of different ages who, frequently, are identified according to level of performance in one or more areas of instruction rather than according to grade level or age level.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East. (OMB directive, 1977, 1997)