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Academic Libraries: 2008
NCES 2010-348
December 2009


Table 9. Expenditures on different functions at academic libraries and salaries and wages as a percentage of total expenditures, by control, level, size, and Carnegie Classification of institution: Fiscal year 2008

Institutional characteristic Total number of libraries Total expenditures Salaries and wages Salaries and wages as a percentage of total expenditures
Information resources total1 Operating expenditures2
All U.S. academic libraries  3,827 $6,785,542,230 $3,342,081,820 49.3 $2,663,081,820 $780,378,590
             
Control             
Public  1,576 4,031,306,389 2,046,549,366 50.8 1,537,511,561 447,245,462
Private  2,251 2,754,235,841 1,295,532,454 47.0 1,125,570,259 333,133,128
             
Level3             
Total 4-year and above  2,393 6,145,053,984 2,883,234,013 46.9 2,534,240,364 727,579,607
Doctor's  721 4,750,800,315 2,136,205,944 45.0 2,025,495,761 589,098,610
Master's  911 991,237,874 533,938,179 53.9 359,242,872 98,056,823
Bachelor's  730 354,907,564 193,061,382 54.4 124,325,930 37,520,252
Less than 4-year  1,434 640,488,246 458,847,807 71.6 128,841,456 52,798,983
             
Size (FTE enrollment)4             
Less than 1,000  1,455 328,512,540 185,336,563 56.4 110,694,627 32,481,350
1,000 to 2,999  1,136 855,629,075 447,781,717 52.3 317,052,253 90,795,105
3,000 to 4,999  475 558,486,301 311,764,264 55.8 187,816,416 58,905,621
5,000 to 9,999  405 1,016,623,343 528,702,506 52.0 384,766,925 103,153,912
10,000 to 19,999  238 1,642,416,446 777,643,996 47.3 669,621,735 195,150,715
20,000 or more  118 2,383,874,525 1,090,852,774 45.8 993,129,864 299,891,887
             
Carnegie classification3             
Doctoral/Research  275 3,910,036,444 1,727,188,817 44.2 1,685,437,698 497,409,929
Master's I and II  603 1,203,207,160 631,434,430 52.5 450,647,507 121,125,223
Baccalaureate  557 544,321,495 268,554,367 49.3 216,803,945 58,963,183
Baccalaureate/Associates  96 37,367,284 23,607,409 63.2 10,793,004 2,966,871
Associates  1,474 678,457,360 483,951,369 71.3 138,104,464 56,401,527
Specialized  645 384,335,793 191,588,281 49.8 151,297,994 41,449,518
Not classified  177 27,816,694 15,757,147 56.6 9,997,208 2,062,339
1 Includes books, serial backfiles, current serial subscriptions, document delivery/interlibrary loan, preservation, and other expenditures for information resources.
2 Includes computer hardware and software; bibliographic utilities, networks, and consortia; furniture and equipment; maintenance costs; and other expenditures not reported elsewhere.
3 While "level" and "Carnegie classification" are similar, there is not complete overlap in the two classifications. "Level" refers to the highest level of any degree offered by the institution. The "Carnegie classification" is based on criteria such as institutional mission and research funding in addition to highest level of degree awarded. The Carnegie classification was developed by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and published in A Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, 2005 Edition.
4 Full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment is calculated by adding one-third of part-time enrollment to full-time enrollment.
NOTE: The number of doctoral, master's, and bachelor's level institutions does not sum to the total number of 4-year and above institutions because there are 4-year and above institutions that grant "other" degrees and are thus not included in the breakdown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Academic Libraries Survey (ALS), 2008.


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