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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010


Table 8.2b.

Number and percentage of elementary and secondary school students who spoke a language other than English at home and percentage who spoke English with difficulty, by race/ethnicity with Hispanic and Asian subgroups: 2007


Race/ethnicity and subgroup Number who spoke a language other than English at home   Percentage of population who spoke a language other than English at home   Percentage of population who spoke English with difficulty
Total1 11,008,000   20.6   5.1
White 1,723,000   5.6   1.2
Black 450,000   5.6   1.4
Hispanic 7,231,000   68.9   17.5
Mexican 5,132,000   71.6   19.9
Puerto Rican 474,000   49.5   8.3
Cuban 164,000   70.0   13.2
Dominican 242,000   87.6   17.7
Salvadoran 257,000   86.9   20.5
Other Central American 296,000   78.5   19.1
South American 338,000   78.8   14.5
Other Hispanic or Latino 327,000   42.8   7.7
Asian 1,331,000   64.3   16.8
Asian Indian 257,000   65.9   10.0
Chinese2 315,000   71.3   21.1
Filipino 121,000   34.3   8.2
Japanese 32,000   51.1   21.5
Korean 165,000   74.6   20.6
Vietnamese 212,000   79.5   25.0
Other Asian 228,000   68.7   18.5
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 30,000   36.6   6.7
American Indian/Alaska Native 69,000   16.1   2.5
Two or more races 117,000   7.9   1.2
1 Total includes other race/ethnicity categories not separately shown.
2 Excludes Taiwanese. Taiwanese is included in the "Other Asian" category.
NOTE: Respondents were asked if each child in the household spoke a language other than English at home. If they answered "yes," they were asked how well each child could speak English. Categories used for reporting were "very well," "well," "not well," and "not at all." All those who reported speaking English less than "very well" were considered to have difficulty speaking English. Includes those students who are age 5 or older. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2007.
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