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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010

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Table 8.1b.

Number and percentage of children ages 3 to 5 and ages 6 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity and type of disability: 2007


Age group and type of disability Total         White         Black         Hispanic Asian/Pacific
Islander
American Indian/
Alaska Native
3 to 5 years            
  Number
Any disability1 700,166 439,421 100,133 124,796 23,649 9,377
Specific learning disability 11,922 6,875 1,502 3,131 313 101
Speech or language impairment 318,937 207,627 39,230 59,320 8,939 3,821
Mental retardation 12,380 5,428 2,308 3,970 585 89
Emotional disturbance 3,416 2,143 742 425 58 48
Autism 39,041 23,602 4,834 7,251 3,112 242
Hearing impairment 7,678 4,373 899 1,850 469 87
Visual impairment 3,200 1,875 399 732 138 56
  Percent
Any disability1 5.74 6.31 5.58 4.50 4.19 8.62
Specific learning disability 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.11 0.06 0.09
Speech or language impairment 2.61 2.98 2.19 2.14 1.58 3.51
Mental retardation 0.10 0.08 0.13 0.14 0.10 0.08
Emotional disturbance 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.04
Autism 0.32 0.34 0.27 0.26 0.55 0.22
Hearing impairment 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.08
Visual impairment 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.05
             
6 to 21 years            
  Number
Any disability1 5,912,586 3,399,744 1,208,195 1,060,112 135,098 90,741
Specific learning disability 2,563,665 1,372,432 552,552 558,082 46,542 47,703
Speech or language impairment 1,085,497 698,670 174,920 207,919 37,360 15,696
Mental retardation 487,854 240,576 155,151 73,136 10,734 6,402
Emotional disturbance 438,867 248,041 126,384 50,523 5,044 7,029
Autism 79,085 172,020 36,264 31,707 14,095 1,889
Hearing impairment 71,332 38,362 11,514 16,678 3,741 860
Visual impairment 25,855 15,176 4,404 4,796 1,066 334
  Percent
Any disability1 8.96 8.47 12.15 8.51 4.85 14.38
Specific learning disability 3.89 3.42 5.32 4.55 1.60 7.09
Speech or language impairment 1.65 1.74 1.76 1.67 1.34 2.49
Mental retardation 0.74 0.60 1.56 0.59 0.39 1.01
Emotional disturbance 0.67 0.62 1.27 0.41 0.18 1.11
Autism 0.12 0.43 0.36 0.25 0.51 0.30
Hearing impairment 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14
Visual impairment 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
1 Total includes other disabilities not separately shown.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), 2007.
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