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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010


Table 6.

Percentage distribution of primary type of care arrangements of children from the 2001 birth cohort at about 4 years old, by race/ethnicity: 200506


  Primary type of care arrangement  
  No regular nonparental arrangement   Home-based care   Center-based care1   Multiple arrange- ments2  
    Relative care3   Non-relative care4   Total   Head Start   Other than Head Start    
Race/ethnicity              
Total 20.0   13.1   7.6   57.5   12.7   44.8   1.9  
White 17.9   11.0   9.2   60.1   6.8   53.3   1.9  
Black 16.0   13.9   4.3   62.4   25.4   37.1   3.3  
Hispanic 27.2   15.9   6.2   49.4   18.6   30.9   1.2  
Asian 17.5   16.0   3.4   60.7   5.5   55.3   2.3 !
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 22.3 ! 45.0 !   19.9 ! 5.0 ! 14.9 !  
American Indian/Alaska Native 20.0   14.0   5.3   59.6   31.1   28.5   1.1 !
Two or more races 17.8   17.5   8.9   53.9   12.2   41.7   1.8 !
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Care provided in places such as early learning centers, nursery schools, and preschools, including Head Start.
2 Children who spent an equal amount of time in each of two or more arrangements.
3 Care provided in the child's home or in another private home by a relative (excluding parents).
4 Care provided in the child's home or in another private home by a person unrelated to the child.
NOTE: Primary type of care arrangement is the type of nonparental care in which the child spent the most hours. Data are based on a representative sample of children born in 2001. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and suppression of cells that do not meet standards. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, Longitudinal 9-month–Preschool Restricted-Use Data File.
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