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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010

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Table 24.3.

Number and percentage distribution of U.S. citizen enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity and institutional type: 2008


  Total White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
 
Institutional type
Number enrolled            
Total, all types 18,442,233 12,088,781 2,584,478 2,272,888 1,302,797 193,289
             
Public institutions 13,545,180 8,817,677 1,759,200 1,832,397 982,876 153,030
Research 3,614,610 2,612,923 355,490 294,693 318,678 32,826
Other 4-year 3,392,814 2,266,300 471,852 415,226 199,662 39,774
2-year 6,537,756 3,938,454 931,858 1,122,478 464,536 80,430
             
Private, not-for-profit 3,454,943 2,513,749 431,988 248,545 236,537 24,124
Research 1,012,479 692,750 103,743 87,379 122,796 5,811
Other 4-year 2,407,925 1,799,663 321,311 158,120 112,079 16,752
2-year 34,539 21,336 6,934 3,046 1,662 1,561
             
Private, for-profit 1,442,110 757,355 393,290 191,946 83,384 16,135
4-year 1,147,730 615,507 312,559 136,784 70,205 12,675
2-year 294,380 141,848 80,731 55,162 13,179 3,460

Percentage distribution
Total, all types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
             
Public institutions 73.4 72.9 68.1 80.6 75.4 79.2
Research 19.6 21.6 13.8 13.0 24.5 17.0
Other 4-year 18.4 18.7 18.3 18.3 15.3 20.6
2-year 35.4 32.6 36.1 49.4 35.7 41.6
             
Private, not-for-profit 18.7 20.8 16.7 10.9 18.2 12.5
Research 5.5 5.7 4.0 3.8 9.4 3.0
Other 4-year 13.1 14.9 12.4 7.0 8.6 8.7
2-year 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.8
             
Private, for-profit 7.8 6.3 15.2 8.4 6.4 8.3
4-year 6.2 5.1 12.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
2-year 1.6 1.2 3.1 2.4 1.0 1.8
NOTE: Nonresident alien enrollment is not included in table. Research institutions include those with a high level of research activity or those that award at least 20 doctor's degrees per year. Relative levels of research activity for research universities were determined by an analysis of research and development expenditures, science and engineering research staffing, and doctoral degrees conferred, by field. Further information on the research index ranking may be obtained from http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/index.asp?key=798#related. Other 4-year institutions include those that award at least 50 master's degrees per year, those that primarily emphasize undergraduate education, and those that award degrees primarily in single fields of study such as medicine, business, fine arts, theology, and engineering.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009.
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