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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010

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Table 24.2.

Total number, total percentage distribution, and percent female of graduate (postbaccalaureate) fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 19762008


Race/ethnicity 1976 1980 1990 2000 2003 2005 2008
Number enrolled  
Total 1,566,644 1,617,720 1,859,531 2,156,896 2,431,117 2,523,511 2,737,076
White 1,335,646 1,352,351 1,449,830 1,478,644 1,616,272 1,666,846 1,749,565
Black 89,670 87,910 99,819 181,425 230,342 259,205 315,194
Hispanic 30,897 38,642 57,888 110,781 136,488 148,420 169,364
Asian/Pacific Islander 28,587 37,735 71,954 132,679 152,834 163,029 184,932
American Indian/ Alaska Native 6,381 6,003 7,319 12,644 14,825 15,899 17,737
Nonresident alien 75,463 95,079 172,721 240,723 280,356 270,112 300,284

Percentage distribution  
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 85.3 83.6 78.0 68.6 66.5 66.1 63.9
Black 5.7 5.4 5.4 8.4 9.5 10.3 11.5
Hispanic 2.0 2.4 3.1 5.1 5.6 5.9 6.2
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.8 2.3 3.9 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.8
American Indian/ Alaska Native 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Nonresident alien 4.8 5.9 9.3 11.2 11.5 10.7 11.0

Percent female  
Total 42.7 46.2 51.4 56.3 57.5 58.5 59.0
White 43.0 46.9 53.3 57.8 58.8 59.4 59.7
Black 56.3 59.6 63.2 67.8 69.5 70.4 71.3
Hispanic 41.5 47.3 53.3 59.8 61.5 62.2 63.0
Asian/Pacific Islander 39.3 39.7 43.8 51.8 54.0 54.7 55.3
American Indian/ Alaska Native 41.7 49.7 56.3 60.3 62.1 62.7 63.1
Nonresident alien 23.6 25.4 30.4 38.9 40.3 41.6 41.5
NOTE: Data from 1976 through 1990 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that do not grant degrees. Data include enrollment in master's, first-professional, and doctorate programs. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980, and 1990 through 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment" survey, 1990, and selected years, Spring 2001 through Spring 2009.
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