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Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 2007
NCES 2010-004
April 2010

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Table C-1.

Percentage and standard errors for students in grades 112 whose parents reported having public school choice who considered other schools, reported current school was their first choice, or moved to their current neighborhood for the school, by student and household characteristics: 2003 and 2007


Student and household characteristics Total   Considered other schools   School was parent's first choice   Moved to neighborhood for school1  
2003   2007   2003   2007   2003   2007   2003   2007  
percent s.e.   percent s.e.   percent s.e.   percent s.e.   percent s.e   percent s.e.   percent s.e.   percent   s.e.  
Total 100   100   31 0.9   32 1.0   86 0.6   87 0.7   24 0.9   24   1.0  
                                                   
Sex                                                  
Male 100   100   31 1.1   32 1.6   86 0.8   87 0.9   23 1.1   24   1.3  
Female 100   100   31 1.3   32 1.4   86 0.8   87 1.1   24 1.3   24   1.4  
                                                   
Race/ethnicity2                                                  
White 100   100   30 1.2   29 1.2   89 0.8   91 0.8   24 1.2   25   1.3  
Black 100   100   40 2.1   48 4.1   76 2.0   78 2.6   18 1.9   18   2.6  
Hispanic 100   100   28 1.6   26 2.1   84 1.4   86 1.7   28 1.9   24   2.5  
Asian or Pacific Islander 100   100   30 3.6   37 5.1   86 2.8   88 3.0   26 4.3   35   5.9  
Other race 100   100   28 4.5   35 4.0   84 3.7   84 3.5   16 4.5   23   3.6  
                                                   
Grade level                                                  
Grades 1–5 100   100   31 1.5   33 1.8   87 0.9   88 1.1   23 1.3   25   1.5  
Grades 6–8 100   100   33 1.5   30 2.1   85 1.3   87 1.4   25 1.5   25   2.0  
Grades 9–12 100   100   30 1.1   32 1.5   84 1.1   86 1.3   23 1.3   22   1.7  
                                                   
Disability status                                                  
Has a disability 100   100   35 1.5   35 2.2   82 1.1   84 1.6   24 1.6   26   2.3  
Does not have a disability 100   100   30 0.9   31 1.2   87 0.7   88 0.8   24 0.9   23   1.1  
                                                   
Poverty status3                                                  
Poor 100   100   27 1.9   31 3.7   82 1.9   85 2.3   20 2.1   23   2.7  
Near-poor 100   100   31 1.7   28 2.5   85 1.3   83 1.6   20 1.8   21   2.3  
Nonpoor 100   100   32 1.2   34 1.1   87 0.7   89 0.7   26 1.0   25   1.2  
                                                   
Parents' highest level of education4                                                  
Less than high school diploma or GED 100   100   21 3.0   30 4.7   82 2.6   75 5.0   23 3.2   17   3.0  
High school diploma or GED 100   100   27 1.5   26 3.0   84 1.4   88 1.5   23 2.1   18   2.0  
Some college/vocational/technical 100   100   30 1.3   31 1.8   85 1.0   85 1.4   22 1.4   25   2.0  
Bachelor's degree 100   100   33 1.9   33 1.7   86 1.4   90 1.2   26 1.8   27   2.1  
Graduate/professional school 100   100   41 1.8   41 2.1   90 1.0   90 1.2   27 2.2   28   1.8  
                                                   
Family structure                                                  
Two parents 100   100   31 1.1   30 1.0   88 0.7   90 0.7   24 1.0   26   1.3  
One parent 100   100   32 1.6   36 2.2   80 1.5   80 1.7   23 1.6   19   1.5  
Non-parent guardians 100   100   27 3.9   49 9.6   81 3.3   80 5.5   16 2.9   12 ! 4.5  
                                                   
School type                                                  
Public, assigned 100   100   23 0.9   23 1.1   87 0.8   87 0.9   27 1.1   27   1.3  
Public, chosen5 100   100   46 1.8   48 2.3   82 1.3   87 1.4   16 1.4   16   1.5  
Private, religious 100   100   45 3.3   45 3.0   92 1.6   90 2.1        
Private, nonsectarian 100   100   52 5.4   48 6.9   79 6.3   87 4.3        
                                                   
Region                                                  
Northeast 100   100   34 2.1   36 2.9   85 1.6   84 2.1   24 2.7   23   2.5  
South 100   100   32 1.5   34 2.4   86 1.1   88 1.1   24 1.3   25   2.0  
Midwest 100   100   28 1.5   29 1.8   87 1.3   87 1.6   26 1.8   25   1.9  
West 100   100   32 1.6   32 1.9   85 1.1   88 1.1   21 1.6   22   1.9  
                                                   
Locale                                                  
City   100     41 2.0     82 1.4     20   1.8  
Suburb   100     30 1.4     88 1.3     30   1.6  
Town   100     27 2.8     89 1.6     22   2.6  
Rural   100     23 2.2     93 1.1     23   2.7  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution; the estimates are unstable; coefficient of variation is 30 percent or more.
1 In 2007, only parents of students in public schools were asked whether they moved to their current neighborhood for the child's school, therefore the analysis for both 2003 and 2007 is limited to students in public schools to maintain comparability.
2 Black includes African American, Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian, and Hispanic includes Latino. The Other race category includes students who are not Hispanic, who reported their race as either “American Indian or Alaska Native” or reported more than one race. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin unless specified.
3 Poor students are defined as those with household incomes below 100 percent of the poverty threshold; near-poor students as those with household incomes from 100 through 199 percent of the poverty threshold; and nonpoor students as those with household incomes at or above 200 percent of the poverty threshold.
4 GED is General Educational Development.
5 Students who attended chosen, public schools were automatically coded as "yes" for whether or not their district allowed public school choice.
NOTE: s.e. is standard error. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. In 2007, there were 57 cases where data were missing for whether or not school was child's choice and thus excluded from the analysis. There are an additional 2 cases where data were missing for private school type and are also excluded from analysis. There were 188 cases in 2003 and 154 cases in 2007 (where parents reported that their child's assigned school was their chosen school) that were missing and thus excluded from the analysis.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2003; and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the NHES, 2007.
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