Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 2007
NCES 2010-004
April 2010


Table 7.

Percentage of students in grades 112 whose parents reported having public school choice, considered other schools, reported current school was their first choice, or moved to their current neighborhood for the school, by student and household characteristics: 2003 and 2007


Student and household characteristics Public choice available1   Considered other schools   School was parent's first choice   Moved to neighborhood for school2  
2003 2007   2003 2007   2003 2007   2003 2007  
Total 51 50   31 32   83 83   26 27  
                         
School type                        
Public, assigned 44 42   25 25   82 81   28 28  
Public, chosen3 100 100   45 47   83 88   19 18  
Private, religious 38 38   49 49   92 91    
Private, nonsectarian 35 32   57 61   85 88    
                         
Sex                        
Male 52 50   31 32   83 83   26 27  
Female 51 50   30 31   84 84   26 27  
                         
Race/ethnicity4                        
White 50 48   29 30   87 88   28 29  
Black 55 54   40 43   73 70   19 18  
Hispanic 51 52   28 28   80 81   27 25  
Asian or Pacific Islander 49 41   30 34   83 80   34 36  
Other race 60 53   33 36   79 77   18 23  
                         
Grade level                        
Grades 1–5 50 49   30 32   85 85   26 27  
Grades 6–8 51 48   32 30   81 82   27 26  
Grades 9–12 54 51   30 32   83 83   26 26  
                         
Disability status                        
Has a disability 51 50   34 37   79 78   25 27  
Does not have a disability 52 50   29 30   85 85   27 26  
                         
Poverty status5                        
Poor 53 52   28 30   77 77   22 21  
Near-poor 52 51   29 29   81 79   21 21  
Nonpoor 51 49   32 33   86 87   30 30  
                         
Parents' highest level of education6                        
Less than high school diploma or GED 54 49   21 26   81 73   22 18  
High school diploma or GED 51 48   26 27   81 82   24 21  
Some college/vocational/technical 54 52   30 31   82 80   24 25  
Bachelor's degree 49 49   33 32   85 87   28 31  
Graduate/professional school 49 49   39 40   88 88   34 34  
                         
Family structure                        
Two parents 51 50   31 30   86 86   28 29  
One parent 52 49   31 34   78 75   24 22  
Nonparent guardians 52 54   24 39   79 77   18 10  
                         
Region                        
Northeast 39 36   30 34   84 81   30 27  
South 47 45   31 32   82 83   26 26  
Midwest 58 58   29 29   85 87   29 30  
West 61 59   32 32   82 83   22 24  
                         
Locale                        
City 58   39   78   23  
Suburb 43   31   84   33  
Town 49   25   88   20  
Rural 49   25   88   23  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 In 2007, there were 59 cases excluded from the analysis because parents reported the school as a private school when it was later found to be a public school and therefore questions about choice were not asked.
2 In 2007, only parents of students in public schools were asked whether they moved to their current neighborhood for the child's school, therefore the analysis for both 2003 and 2007 is limited to students in public schools to maintain comparability.
3 Students who attended chosen public schools were automatically coded as "yes" for whether or not their district allowed public school choice.
4 Black includes African American, Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian, and Hispanic includes Latino. The Other race category includes students who are not Hispanic, who reported their race as either “American Indian or Alaska Native” or reported more than one race. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin unless specified.
5 Poor students are defined as those with household incomes below 100 percent of the poverty threshold; near-poor students as those with household incomes from 100 through 199 percent of the poverty threshold; and nonpoor students as those with household incomes at or above 200 percent of the poverty threshold.
6 GED is General Educational Development.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2003; and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the NHES, 2007.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.