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Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2006–07 (Fiscal Year 2007)
NCES 2009-338
July 2009

Selected Findings: Fiscal Year 2007

  • Regular school districts had median total revenues per pupil of $10,754 in fiscal year (FY) 2007 (table 1). The federal range ratio2 was 1.9, which indicates that the magnitude of the difference between total revenues per pupil at the 5th ($7,740) and 95th ($22,653) percentiles of districts was approximately 190 percent of the former. Independent charter school districts had median total revenues per pupil of $8,677 in FY 07, with a federal range ratio of 2.0.
  • For regular school districts, median current expenditures per pupil were $9,056 in FY 07 (table 2). Median expenditures per pupil on instruction and instruction-related activities in regular school districts were $5,824. For independent charter school districts, median current expenditures per pupil were $7,748 in FY 07; median expenditures per pupil on instruction and instruction-related activities were $4,285.
  • In FY 07, the lowest 5 percent of regular school districts had current expenditures per pupil of $6,806 or less, while the highest 5 percent had current expenditures per pupil of $17,266 or more, with a federal range ratio of 1.5 (table 3). The lowest 5 percent of independent charter school districts had current expenditures per pupil of $4,600 or less, while the highest 5 percent had current expenditures per pupil of $15,956 or more, with a federal range ratio of 2.5.
  • Unified regular school districts3 had median current expenditures per pupil of $8,836 in FY 07, with a federal range ratio of 1.3, while unified independent charter school districts had median current expenditures per pupil of $7,436, with a federal range ratio of 2.7 (table 4).
  • There were 22 states that reported data for independent charter school districts in FY 07. Median current expenditures per pupil ranged from a low of $6,347 in Utah to a high of $14,324 in the District of Columbia for regular noncharter school districts that included no charter schools (table 5). Median current expenditures per pupil ranged from $4,732 in Idaho to $15,493 in the District of Columbia for independent charter school districts in the same set of states.
  • Table 6 compares regular school districts with independent charter school districts. The independent charter school districts had greater variation in spending than regular school districts in FY 07 (e.g., the federal range ratio for total expenditures per pupil for regular school districts was 1.5, while the federal range ratio for independent charter school districts was 2.7).
  • In FY 07, current expenditures per pupil in the 100 largest public school districts ranged from a low of $5,048 in Alpine School District, Utah, to a high of $19,435 in Boston City Schools, Massachusetts (table 7).
  • Approximately $46.9 billion was received by local education agencies from the federal government for public elementary and secondary education in FY 07 (table 8).

2 The federal range ratio is the difference between the amount per pupil of the district at the 95th percentile and the district at the 5th percentile divided by the amount per pupil for the district at the 5th percentile. More information about the federal range ratio can be found in Appendix A: Methodology and Technical Notes.
3 Unified districts provide both elementary and secondary education services and instruction.

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