In the 2007–08 school year, there were an estimated 119,150 K–12 schools in the United
States: 87,190 traditional public, 3,560 public charter, 180 BIE-funded, and 28,220
private schools. Among these schools, 52 percent of traditional public, 55 percent of
charter, 85 percent of BIE-funded, and 19 percent of private schools enrolled students
receiving Title I services (table 1).
About 72 percent of all public elementary schools had students who were identified as
limited-English-proficient (LEP). These students accounted for 14 percent of all
students enrolled in elementary schools. Public secondary (7 percent) and combined (8
percent) schools had fewer LEP students enrolled than public elementary schools did
The racial and ethnic composition of students enrolled in public schools was 58 percent
non-Hispanic White, 20 percent Hispanic (regardless of race), 16 percent non-Hispanic
Black, 4 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, and 1 percent American Indian/Alaska Native.
Among private schools, the racial and ethnic composition was 74 percent non-Hispanic
White, 10 percent non-Hispanic Black, 9 percent Hispanic (regardless of race), 6
percent Asian/Pacific Islander, and 1 percent American Indian/Alaska Native (table 3).
On average, 81 percent of 12th-graders graduated with a diploma in public schools in
2006–07. The average percent of 12th-graders in public schools who received a diploma
was 86 percent in rural schools, 81 percent and 80 percent in schools located in
suburban areas and towns, respectively, and 72 percent in urban schools
Including full-time and part-time staff, public schools employed about 73,230
instructional coordinators, 81,670 librarians, 125,590 school counselors, and 361,730
student support services professional staff (nurses, psychologists, speech therapists or
pathologists, and other student support services professional staff). Public schools also
employed about 898,790 aides (regular Title I aides, English as a Second language
(ESL) or bilingual teacher aides, special education aides, library media center aides,
and other classroom aides), 269,350 secretaries and other clerical support staff, 401,310
food service personnel, and 369,210 custodial maintenance and security personnel
About 63 percent of public and 37 percent of private schools employed staff with
academic specialist or coaching assignments. A higher percentage of public elementary
schools had staff with academic specialist or coaching assignments (73 percent)
compared to private elementary (37 percent), public secondary (42 percent), and
combined public schools (46 percent) (table 6).