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Preschool: First Findings From the Third Follow-up of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)
NCES 2008-025
October 2007


Table 2.  Children's language, literacy, mathematics, color knowledge, and fine motor skills scores, by child's age (in months) at time of assessment and domain: 2005–06
 
Domain  Less than 48 months (less than 4 years old) 48 through 57 months (4 years old to 4 years, 9 months) More than 57 months (older than 4 years, 9 months)
Percent of population  16.4 74.6 9.0
   
Language 
Average receptive vocabulary score  7.8 8.6 9.0
Average expressive language score  2.1 2.4 2.6
 
Literacy 
Average overall literacy score  10.7 13.2 16.0
Average letter recognition score  22.9 32.7 43.5
Average phonological awareness score  3.0 3.3 3.7
Average conventions of print score  2.0 2.5 3.1
   
Mathematics 
Average overall mathematics score  18.7 22.8 26.2
Percent of children demonstrating proficiency in numbers and shapes  44.8 65.4 79.0
   
Color knowledge 
Percent of children who scored 0 out of 10  2.2 1.3 #
Percent of children who scored 1 to 9  48.8 35.1 28.4
Percent of children who scored 10 out of 10  49.0 63.6 71.1
   
Fine motor skills 
Average fine motor score  2.5 3.4 4.1
# Rounds to zero.
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W3R0. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The receptive vocabulary score has a potential range of 0 to 15; the expressive language score has a potential range of 0 to 5; the overall literacy score has a potential range of 0 to 37; the letter recognition score has a potential range of 0 to 100; both the phonological awareness score and the conventions of print score have a potential range of 0 to 8; the overall mathematics score has a potential range of 0 to 44; the numbers and shapes score has a potential range of 0 to 100; the color knowledge score has a potential range of 0 to 10; and the fine motor skills score has a potential range of 0 to 7.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), Longitudinal 9-Month-Preschool Restricted-Use Data File (NCES 2008-024).
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