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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008

NCES 2008-084
September 2008


Table 1.9.  Percentage distribution of primary type of care arrangements at about 9 months, 2 years, and 4 years of age, by race/ethnicity: 2001, 2004, and 2006

Race/ethnicity1 Percentage
distribution
of popula-
tion
  No regular
nonparental
arrange-
ment
  Home-
based care
with a
relative
  Home-
based care
with a
nonrelative
  Center-
based
care
  Multiple
arrange-
ments
 
   
  Children at about 9 months of age in 2001
Total 100.0   49.9   25.7   15.1   8.5   0.7  
White 53.5   51.3   21.3   17.4   9.1   0.9  
Black 13.7   37.0   33.4   15.0   13.5   1.2 !
Hispanic 25.5   54.3   29.6   11.3   4.7   0.2 !
Asian 2.8   53.2   32.7   10.0   3.8   0.2 !
Pacific Islander 0.2   66.2 ! 31.1 ! #   #   #  
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.5   53.5   27.6   6.4   11.9   0.6 !
More than one race 3.8   44.5   28.1   16.0   10.5   0.9 !
   
  Children at about 2 years of age in 2004
Total 100.0   50.6   18.6   14.6   15.8   0.5  
White 53.8   50.7   14.9   17.0   16.8   0.5  
Black 13.7   37.1   26.0   12.0   24.1   0.8 !
Hispanic 25.3   57.4   21.4   11.6   9.2   0.4 !
Asian 2.7   55.5   23.8   10.9   9.4   0.5 !
Pacific Islander 0.2   73.5   23.5 ! #   #   #  
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.5   56.7   17.7   11.8 ! 13.7   #  
More than one race 3.8   46.7   18.9   13.5   19.8   1.2 !
   
  Children at about 4 years of age in 2006
Total 100.0   20.0   13.1   7.6   57.5   1.9  
White 53.8   17.9   11.0   9.2   60.1   1.9  
Black 13.8   16.0   13.9   4.3   62.4   3.3  
Hispanic 25.1   27.2   15.9   6.2   49.4   1.2  
Asian 2.6   17.5   16.0   3.4   60.7   2.3 !
Pacific Islander 0.2 ! 22.3 ! 45.0 ! #   19.9 ! #  
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.5   20.0   14.0   5.3   59.6   1.1 !
More than one race 4.0   17.8   17.5   8.9   53.9   1.8 !
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. For the 9-month estimates, race/ethnicity was determined by information collected at the 9-month round (X1CHRACE); for the 2-year estimates, race/ethnicity was determined by information collected at the 2-year round (X2CHRACE), and for the 4-year estimates, race/ethnicity was determined by information collected at the preschool round (X3CHRACE).
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W1R0 for children at about 9 months of age, by W2R0 for children at about 2 years of age, and by W3R0 for children at about 4 years of age. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and suppression of cells that do not meet standards.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, Longitudinal 9-month–2-year Restricted-Use Data File and Longitudinal 9-month–Preschool Restricted-Use Data File.

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