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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008

NCES 2008-084
September 2008

Spacial Education


A higher percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native children were served by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) than children in any other racial/ethnic group in 2006.

Figure 2.3a. Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 2006
Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 2006
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Data Analysis System (DANS), "Children with Disabilities Receiving Special Education Under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2006.

Figure 2.3b. Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 1998 to 2006
Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 1998 to 2006
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Data Analysis System (DANS), "Children with Disabilities Receiving Special Education Under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2006.

In 2006, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) served 6.7 million (appendix table A-2.3), or 9 percent, of all U.S. children between the ages of 3 and 21 who were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools.1 A higher percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native children received services under IDEA than children in each other racial/ethnic group. About 14 percent of American Indian/Alaska Native children received IDEA services in 2006, compared to 8 percent of White children, 11 percent of Black children, 8 percent of Hispanic children, and 5 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander children. In addition, the percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native children served under IDEA increased from 10 percent in 1998 to 14 percent in 2006. By comparison, the percentage served among all children remained at 9 percent between 2003 and 2006.

View Table View Table 2.3a View Table View Table 2.3b

1 The precursor to IDEA—the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)—was first passed in 1975 to provide federal funding for the education of individuals with disabilities. This act was amended in 1990 to become IDEA and reauthorized in December 2004. IDEA aims "to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free, appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs; to ensure that the rights of children with disabilities and the parents of such children are protected; to assist state localities, educational service agencies, and Federal agencies to provide for the education of all children with disabilities; and to assess and ensure the effectiveness of efforts to educate children with disabilities.. Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, P.L. 108-446, 118 Stat. 2647 (2004).

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