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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008

NCES 2008-084
September 2008

Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) Schools


During 2006–07, Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools served nearly 48,500 American Indian/Alaska Native students.

Figure 2.2. Number of Bureau of Indian Education (BIE)-funded school programs, by operational structure: Selected years, 1996–97 to 2006–07
Number of Bureau of Indian Education (BIE)-funded school programs, by operational
structure: Selected years, 1996–97 to 2006–07
SOURCE: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Education (BIE), Office of Indian Education Programs (OIEP), 1999–2000 OIEP School Report Card Summary; OIEP, Building Exemplary Schools for Tomorrow: 2002 Fingertip Facts and 2004 Fingertip Facts; and 2009 Budget Justification and BIE budget tables.

Some American Indian/Alaska Native students attend schools administered by or affiliated with the U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Education (BIE).1 Schools funded by the BIE are either operated by the BIE or by tribes under contracts or grants. BIE-operated schools are under the direct auspices of the BIE, and tribally operated schools are run by individual federally recognized tribes with grants or contracts from the BIE.

In 2006–07, some 184 elementary and secondary school programs were BIE funded, and 61 of these were also BIE operated. The remaining 123 school programs were operated by tribes, under BIE contracts or grants (appendix table A-2.2). These schools were located on 63 reservations in 23 states and enrolled 48,500 students, up 6 percent from the 45,800 students enrolled in 2003–04 (U.S. Department of the Interior, 2004b). In 2005-06, a majority of these schools (70 percent) had 300 or fewer students.

View Table View Table 2.2a View Table View Table 2.2b

1 In 2006, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for the Department of the Interior established the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE). This organization is responsible for prekindergarten, elementary, secondary, and postsecondary schools and educational activities of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Prior to 2006, these schools were referred to as BIA schools. There are no BIE schools in Alaska. Most Alaska Native children attend public schools in Alaska.

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