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Status of Education in Rural America
NCES 2007-040
June 2007

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Table 3.12.

Total number of teachers and student support staff in regular public schools, average number of staff per school, and average number of students per staff in schools with such staff, by locale, school level, and type of school staff: 200304


Type of school staff Total Average total number per school Average number of students per staff in schools with such staff1
City Suburban Town Rural City Suburban Town Rural City Suburban Town Rural
Elementary             
All teachers 566,000 724,000 287,000 395,000 37.8 38.6 31.4 26.6 15 15 13 13
Licensed or certified professionals             
School counselors 16,100 20,500 9,700 14,500 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 407 400 339 317
Nurses 15,100 18,500 8,300 12,500 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 496 491 405 357
Social workers 9,200 9,600 3,600 4,800 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 467 483 388 400
Psychologists 12,200 16,200 6,000 8,200 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6 548 517 401 378
Speech therapists 17,600 24,300 10,400 15,800 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 455 420 354 305
Other professionals 13,400 18,000 8,000 9,400 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6 263 254 191 203
Aides             
Instructional aides             
Special education 55,800 79,700 29,000 43,100 3.7 4.2 3.2 2.9 124 110 109 104
Regular Title I2 21,500 20,900 14,500 19,100 1.4 1.1 1.6 1.3 170 156 120 136
ESL/bilingual teacher 14,300 14,200 4,600 4,400 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.3 247 335 304 297
Library 6,000 9,700 4,800 7,200 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 544 488 380 363
Other 26,800 37,200 16,200 29,600 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.0 135 131 110 98
Noninstructional aides             
Special education 9,700 13,700 8,200 7,300 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.5 864 771 469 725
Library 2,800 5,300 2,900! 3,000 0.2 0.3 0.3! 0.2 566 499 290! 361
Other 11,300 18,300 6,700 7,800 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.5 196 179 151 176
              
Secondary             
All teachers 211,000 331,000 136,000 182,000 80.7 79.0 47.9 35.0 17 16 15 14
Licensed or certified professionals             
School counselors 10,100 15,800 6,100 8,600 3.9 3.8 2.1 1.6 334 323 329 298
Nurses 2,700 4,600 2,700 4,400 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 1,113 1,017 678 489
Social workers 1,700 2,700 1,100 1,700 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.3 987 941 664 508
Psychologists 2,200 4,200 1,800 2,900 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 1,255 1,075 670 524
Speech therapists 2,400 4,100 2,300 3,700 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7 1,215 1,134 660 485
Other professionals 2,600 4,100 1,600 2,600 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 574 561 437 318
Aides             
Instructional aides             
Special education 16,300 23,000 11,400 13,700 6.2 5.5 4.0 2.6 187 198 153 153
Regular Title I2 1,900! 1,400! 1,600 1,800 0.7! 0.3! 0.6 0.3 269! 486 254 189
ESL/bilingual teacher 2,200 3,000 1,400 800 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 811 854 618 586
Library 1,500 2,500 1,400 2,100 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 1,118 907 688 490
Other 2,100 2,600 1,300 1,700 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 542 597 435 331
Noninstructional aides             
Special education 3,200 4,200 2,000 2,800 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.5 1,079 1,278 1,013 933
Library 1,000 2,200 900 1,400 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 1,020 935 654 456
Other 1,900 3,800 1,100 1,900 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.4 483 382 439 294
! Interpret data with caution.
1 The average number of students to staff is based on the total number of full- and part-time staff. This measure differs from pupil-teacher ratios, which are based on the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers. Student enrollment data used to calculate this ratio are for schools with such staff.
2 Title I is designed to support state and local school reform efforts tied to challenging state academic standards in order to reinforce and amplify efforts to improve teaching and learning for students farthest from meeting state standards. Individual public schools with poverty rates at or above 40 percent may use Title I funds, along with other federal, state, and local funds, to operate a "schoolwide program" to upgrade the instructional program for the whole school. Schools with poverty rates below 40 percent, or those choosing not to operate a schoolwide program, offer a "targeted assistance program" in which the school identifies students who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the state's challenging performance standards, then designs, in consultation with parents, staff, and district staff, an instructional program to meet the needs of those students.
NOTE: All statistics shown do not distinguish between full- and part-time status of staff. Regular public schools do not include alternative, special education, special program emphasis, or vocational/technical schools. Data for combined elementary and secondary schools and for ungraded schools are excluded. ESL is English as a second language.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, "Public School Questionnaire," 200304.
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