Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

Back Arrow List of Tables Download Excel Excel format (22 KB)  

Table 8.1b.

Number and percentage of children ages 3 to 5 and 6 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity and type of disability: 2004


Age group and type of disability Total White Black Hispanic Asian/
Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
3 to 5 years            
  Number
Any disability1 693,245 454,638 103,332 107,080 19,014 9,181
Specific learning disability 13,279 6,723 1,770 4,306 373 107
Speech or language impairment 326,606 223,185 42,352 50,008 7,070 3,991
Mental retardation 22,468 13,596 3,830 4,249 653 140
Emotional disturbance 5,809 4,331 961 399 68 50
Autism 25,664 16,128 3,322 4,163 1,917 134
Hearing impairment 7,702 4,675 1,007 1,605 337 78
Visual impairment 3,268 2,008 400 705 115 40
  Percentage
Any disability1 5.9 6.5 5.9 4.4 3.8 8.6
Specific learning disability 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Speech or language impairment 2.8 3.2 2.4 2.0 1.4 3.7
Mental retardation 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Emotional disturbance # 0.1 0.1 # # #
Autism 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1
Hearing impairment 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Visual impairment # # # # # #
             
6 to 21 years            
  Number
Any disability1 6,033,425 3,589,926 1,252,218 974,638 125,325 91,318
Specific learning disability 2,789,895 1,582,301 561,623 550,723 46,603 48,645
Speech or language impairment 1,137,692 725,141 180,761 183,350 33,593 14,847
Mental retardation 555,524 283,306 185,883 68,593 11,003 6,739
Emotional disturbance 483,415 282,488 137,399 50,544 5,649 7,335
Autism 165,552 112,736 25,656 17,564 8,437 1,159
Hearing impairment 71,712 40,313 11,855 15,069 3,556 919
Visual impairment 25,504 15,281 4,593 4,262 1,049 319
  Percentage
Any disability1 9.2 8.8 12.6 8.4 4.6 14.1
Specific learning disability 4.2 3.9 5.7 4.7 1.7 7.5
Speech or language impairment 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.2 2.3
Mental retardation 0.8 0.7 1.9 0.6 0.4 1.0
Emotional disturbance 0.7 0.7 1.4 0.4 0.2 1.1
Autism 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hearing impairment 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Visual impairment # # # # # #
# Rounds to zero.
1 Total includes other disabilities not separately shown.
NOTE: Students may be included in more than one disability category. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), 2004.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.