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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 6.

Percentage of 3- to 5-year-olds, enrolled in center-based preprimary programs, by poverty status and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1995-2005

Poverty status and race/ethnicity 1995 1999 2001 2005
Total 55.1 59.7 56.4 57.2
Poor1 45.6 51.9 46.4 47.2
White 43.6 42.9 46.2 44.6
Black 55.3 72.7 57.7 64.8
Hispanic 32.0 41.7 35.4 36.0
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Nonpoor1 58.5 62.2 59.6 59.9
White 59.6 62.7 61.1 61.0
Black 65.4 73.7 68.0 67.8
Hispanic 42.3 46.5 43.0 47.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 58.1 64.2 75.9 73.4
American Indian/Alaska Native 53.1
Reporting standards not met. Sample size too small.
1 Total includes race/ethnicity categories not separately shown.
NOTE: Estimates are based on children who have yet to enter kindergarten. Center-based programs include day care centers, Head Start program, preschool, prekindergarten, and other early childhood programs. "Poor" is defined to include those families below the poverty threshold; "nonpoor" is defined as 100 percent or more than the poverty threshold. As the 2005 poverty thresholds were not yet available at the time this table was prepared, an approximation was used for analyses using NHES:2005 data. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, The Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the 1995, 2001, and 2005 National Household Education Surveys Program, (ECPP-NHES:1995, 2001, and 2005), and the Parent Survey of 1999 NHES (Parent-NHES:1999).
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