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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 4b.

Percentage of families with children under 18 living in poverty, by family type and race/ethnicity with Hispanic and Asian subgroups: 2005


Race/ethnicity and subgroup All families Family type
Married-
couple
Female
householder,
no husband
present
Male
householder,
no wife
present
Total1 15.7 7.0 37.8 18.6
White 10.0 4.4 30.7 13.9
Black 30.1 9.6 44.2 26.8
Hispanic 25.6 16.9 46.5 23.3
Mexican 27.0 19.8 48.8 24.2
Puerto Rican 28.3 10.4 47.3 24.1
Dominican 33.7 14.0 49.9 31.1
Central American 22.1 14.1 42.4 20.3
South American 14.2 7.9 32.2 12.7
Other Hispanic or Latino 20.5 10.4 41.2 21.6
Asian 10.4 7.5 26.6 17.3
Asian Indian 6.6 5.2 27.2 13.8!
Chinese 10.5 8.0 27.8 20.6
Filipino 5.9 3.2 14.0 15.4!
Japanese 6.9 5.7 12.4! 9.7!
Korean 11.4 8.7 29.2 9.8!
Vietnamese 15.2 10.4 36.8 25.1
Other Asian 19.1 14.7 38.8 16.4
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 20.0 15.0 32.9
American Indian/Alaska Native 26.8 13.6 44.0 33.1
More than one race 21.1 7.3 42.3 22.5
! Interpret data with caution.
Reporting standards not met. Sample size too small.
1 Total includes other race/ethnicity categories not separately shown.
NOTE: A family is a group of two people or more residing together (one of whom is the householder) who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption. Unmarried couples with children of their own would be classified as either "Female householder, no husband present" or "Male householder, no wife present" determined by the householder of record. The householder of record is the person living or staying in the household in whose name the house or apartment is owned, being bought, or rented. To define poverty, the U.S. Census Bureau utilizes a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition. A family, along with each individual in it, is considered poor if the family’s total income is less than that family’s threshold. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically and are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and does not include capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2005.
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