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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 2a.

Percentage of population in the United States, by nativity, age group, and race/ethnicity: 1990, 2000, and 2005


Year and race/ethnicity Total population Under 18
Native Foreign-born Native Foreign-born
19901        
Total 92.0 8.0
White 96.7 3.3
Black 95.8 4.2
Hispanic 64.3 35.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 36.6 63.4
American Indian/Alaska Native 98.6 1.4
 
2000        
Total2 88.9 11.1 95.9 4.1
White 96.2 3.8 98.8 1.2
Black 93.7 6.3 98.1 1.9
Hispanic 60.9 39.1 87.3 12.7
Asian 31.2 68.8 75.3 24.7
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 83.5! 16.5 95.2 4.8!
American Indian/Alaska Native 98.5! 1.5! 99.6 0.4!
More than one race 92.8 7.2 98.4 1.6
 
2005        
Total2 87.6 12.4 95.7 4.3
White 96.1 3.9 98.7 1.3
Black 92.6 7.4 97.7 2.3
Hispanic 59.6 40.2 88.5 10.8
Asian 32.2 67.8 77.4 22.6
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 78.7 21.3 90.2 9.8!
American Indian/Alaska Native 98.5 1.5 99.4 0.6!
More than one race 95.2 4.8 99.0 1.0
— Not available.
! Interpret data with caution.
1 1990 data are from Census Bureau population estimates, rather than American Community Survey. Use caution in comparing these percentages to those from 2000 and 2005.
2 Total includes other race/ethnicity categories not separately shown.
NOTE: Births to U.S. citizens outside of U.S. territory are included as native. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program, Foreign-Born Resident Population Estimates and Native Population Estimates of the United States by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: July 1, 1990, released April 11, 2000; and American Community Survey, 2000 and 2005.
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