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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 23.2.

Percentage of graduate fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 19762004


Year Total White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native
Percent male
1976 53.5 52.8 40.7 55.3 58.8 52.5
1980 50.1 48.7 37.5 49.0 59.0 47.6
1990 46.5 43.9 34.9 43.7 55.7 41.6
2000 42.1 39.9 31.0 38.3 47.8 37.1
2001 41.8 39.5 30.4 37.6 46.8 36.5
2002 41.6 39.4 29.9 37.2 46.7 35.9
2003 41.2 39.3 29.5 37.0 46.0 35.6
2004 40.7 39.1 29.0 36.8 45.8 35.2
 
Percent female
1976 46.5 47.2 59.3 44.7 41.2 47.5
1980 49.9 51.3 62.5 51.0 41.0 52.4
1990 53.5 56.1 65.1 56.3 44.3 58.4
2000 57.9 60.1 69.0 61.7 52.2 62.9
2001 58.2 60.5 69.6 62.4 53.2 63.5
2002 58.4 60.6 70.1 62.8 53.3 64.1
2003 58.8 60.7 70.5 63.0 54.0 64.4
2004 59.3 60.9 71.0 63.2 54.2 64.8
 
Difference (male - female)
1976 7.1 5.6 -18.5 10.5 17.7 4.9
1980 0.3 -2.5 -25.0 -2.0 17.9 -4.8
1990 -7.0 -12.3 -30.1 -12.7 11.4 -16.8
2000 -15.7 -20.1 -38.1 -23.4 -4.4 -25.9
2001 -16.4 -21.0 -39.2 -24.9 -6.4 -27.1
2002 -16.8 -21.1 -40.2 -25.7 -6.6 -28.1
2003 -17.5 -21.3 -41.0 -25.9 -7.9 -28.8
2004 -18.5 -21.8 -42.0 -26.5 -8.4 -29.6
NOTE: Data from 1976 to 1990 are for institutions of higher education that were accredited by an agency or association that was recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, or recognized directly by the Secretary of Education. Later data are for degree-granting institutions. The new degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, except that it includes some additional institutions, primarily 2-year colleges, and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not award associate or higher degrees. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 2005 (NCES 2006-030), table 205, data from the Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980, and 1990 through 2004 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment" survey, 1990, and Spring 2001 through Spring 2005.
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