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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 23.1.

Percentage of undergraduate fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1976-2004


Year Total White Black Hispanic Asian/
Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Percent male            
1976 52.0 52.4 45.7 54.3 53.8 49.9
1980 47.7 47.8 42.0 48.8 51.7 44.6
1990 45.0 45.1 39.0 45.1 50.8 41.8
2000 43.9 44.6 37.3 43.1 47.5 40.7
2001 43.8 44.6 36.9 42.8 47.2 40.4
2002 43.4 44.4 36.4 42.3 47.0 39.8
2003 43.0 44.1 35.9 41.6 46.4 39.0
2004 42.9 44.1 35.7 41.4 46.2 39.1
             
Percent female            
1976 48.0 47.6 54.3 45.7 46.2 50.1
1980 52.3 52.2 58.0 51.2 48.3 55.4
1990 55.0 54.9 61.0 54.9 49.2 58.2
2000 56.1 55.4 62.7 56.9 52.5 59.3
2001 56.2 55.4 63.1 57.2 52.8 59.6
2002 56.6 55.6 63.6 57.7 53.0 60.2
2003 57.0 55.9 64.1 58.4 53.6 61.0
2004 57.1 55.9 64.3 58.6 53.8 60.9
             
Difference (male - female)            
1976 4.0 4.7 -8.7 8.6 7.6 -0.1
1980 -4.5 -4.4 -15.9 -2.4 3.4 -10.8
1990 -10.0 -9.7 -21.9 -9.8 1.7 -16.4
2000 -12.2 -10.7 -25.5 -13.8 -4.9 -18.5
2001 -12.4 -10.8 -26.2 -14.4 -5.6 -19.2
2002 -13.1 -11.2 -27.2 -15.3 -6.1 -20.5
2003 -14.0 -11.8 -28.1 -16.9 -7.3 -22.1
2004 -14.2 -11.8 -28.6 -17.1 -7.5 -21.8
NOTE: Data from 1976 to 1990 are for institutions of higher education that were accredited by an agency or association that was recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, or recognized directly by the Secretary of Education. Later data are for degree-granting institutions. The new degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, except that it includes some additional institutions, primarily 2-year colleges, and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not award associate or higher degrees. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 2005 (NCES 2006-030), table 205, data from the Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980, and 1990 through 2004 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment" survey, 1990, and Spring 2001 through Spring 2005.
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