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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 1a.

Resident population and percentage distribution, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 19802005, and projections, 2010 and 2020


Year Total White Total
minority
Black Hispanic Asian/
Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
More than
one race
  Number (in thousands)
1980 226,546 180,906 45,640 26,142 14,609 3,563 1,326
1985 237,924 184,945 52,979 27,738 18,368 5,315 1,558
1990 248,791 188,315 60,476 29,304 22,379 6,996 1,797
1995 262,803 193,328 69,475 31,590 27,107 8,846 1,932
2000 281,422 195,575 85,846 34,313 35,306 10,724 2,097 3,406
2001 285,108 196,319 88,789 34,814 37,064 11,245 2,130 3,536
2002 287,985 196,827 91,158 35,201 38,500 11,660 2,155 3,642
2003 290,850 197,340 93,510 35,574 39,935 12,071 2,181 3,750
2004 293,657 197,843 95,814 35,950 41,338 12,4591 2,207 3,861
2005 296,410 198,366 98,044 36,325 42,687 12,826 2,233 3,974
20102 308,936 201,112 107,824
20202 335,805 205,936 129,869
 
  Percentage distribution
1980 100.0 79.9 20.1 11.5 6.4 1.6 0.6
1985 100.0 77.7 22.3 11.7 7.7 2.2 0.7
1990 100.0 75.7 24.3 11.8 9.0 2.8 0.7
1995 100.0 73.6 26.4 12.0 10.3 3.4 0.7
2000 100.0 69.5 30.5 12.2 12.5 3.8 0.7 1.2
2001 100.0 68.9 31.1 12.2 13.0 3.9 0.7 1.2
2002 100.0 68.3 31.7 12.2 13.4 4.0 0.7 1.3
2003 100.0 67.8 32.2 12.2 13.7 4.2 0.7 1.3
2004 100.0 67.4 32.6 12.2 14.1 4.2 0.8 1.3
2005 100.0 66.9 33.1 12.3 14.4 4.3 0.8 1.3
20102 100.0 65.1 34.9
20202 100.0 61.3 38.7
— Not available.
1 In 2004, there were 12,068,424 Asians and 398,161 Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders.
2 Projected.
NOTE: Numbers for the year 2000 are from the Decennial Census. All other years are population estimates. Estimates for 2004 may differ from those in other tables due to time of year of estimation. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Total minority includes all race/ethnicity categories shown except White. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000 and 2004, Population Estimates Program, 1980-2000; Annual Estimates of the Population by Sex, Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (NC-EST2005-03), released May 10, 2006; and U.S. Interim Projections by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, released March 18, 2004.
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