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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

Indicator 3: Types of Families with Children

In 2005, approximately 38.1 million families with children under 18 resided in the United States (data not shown in tables). These families with children consisted of married couples (67 percent), female householders with no husband present (25 percent), and male householders with no wife present (8 percent).6

Across all racial/ethnic groups shown except Blacks, the majority of families with children under 18 were married couples. Some 82 percent of all Asian families with children were married couples, higher than the percentages for White families (74 percent), Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander families (65 percent), Hispanic families (62 percent), American Indian/Alaska Native families (53 percent), and Black families (36 percent). Black families with children had the highest percentage of families headed by females with no husband present (55 percent), followed by American Indian/Alaska Native (36 percent), Hispanic (27 percent) and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (26 percent), then White (19 percent), and Asian (12 percent) families. A higher percentage of Hispanic and American Indian/Alaska Native families with children (each 11 percent) were headed by males with no wife present than Black (9 percent), White (7 percent), and Asian (5 percent) families.

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6 A family is a group of two people or more residing together (one of whom is the householder) who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption. Unmarried couples with children of their own would be classified as either "Female householder, no husband present" or "Male householder, no wife present" determined by the householder of record. The householder of record is the person living or staying in the household in whose name the house or apartment is owned, being bought, or rented.

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education