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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

List of Figures


Chapter 1. Demographics

Figure 1Minority population as percentage of total population: Selected years, 1980–2005, and projections, 2010 and 2020

Figure 2Percentage distribution of population in the United States, by race/ethnicity and nativity: 2005

Figure 3Percentage distribution of families with children under 18, by race/ethnicity and family type: 2005

Figure 4Percentage of families with children under 18 living in poverty, by family type and race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 5Percentage of children ages 6 to 18 whose parents attained a bachelor's or graduate degree, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Chapter 2. Preprimary, Elementary, and Secondary Education

Figure 6.Percentage of 3- to 5-year-olds, enrolled in center-based preprimary programs, by race/ethnicity and poverty status: 2005

Figure 7.2aPercent of public elementary and secondary students who were Black, by state: 2004

Figure 7.2bPercent of public elementary and secondary students who were Hispanic, by state: 2004

Figure 7.2cPercent of public elementary and secondary students who were Asian/Pacific Islander, by state: 2004

Figure 7.2dPercent of public elementary and secondary students who were American Indian/Alaska Native, by state: 2004

Figure 7.3Percentage distribution of public school enrollment in the United States and in five largest public school districts, by race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 7.4Percentage of 4th-graders eligible for reduced-price lunch, by school location and race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 7.5Percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary school students of each racial/ethnic group, by percent minority enrollment in school: 2004

Figure 8.1Percentage of children ages 3 to 5 and 6 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 8.2Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who spoke a language other than English at home and percentage who spoke English with difficulty, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Chapter 3. Achievement

Figure 9aAverage reading scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 9-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1975–2004

Figure 9bAverage reading scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 13-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1975–2004

Figure 9cAverage reading scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 17-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1975–2004

Figure 9dAverage mathematics scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 9-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1973–2004

Figure 9eAverage mathematics scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 13-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1973–2004

Figure 9fAverage mathematics scale scores on the long-term trend National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for 17-year-olds by race/ethnicity: Various years, 1973–2004

Figure 10.1aPercentage distribution of 4th-grade students across NAEP reading achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 10.1bPercentage distribution of 8th-grade students across NAEP reading achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 10.1cPercentage distribution of 12th-grade students across NAEP reading achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 10.2aPercentage distribution of 4th-grade students across NAEP mathematics achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 10.2bPercentage distribution of 8th-grade students across NAEP mathematics achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 10.2cPercentage distribution of 12th-grade students across NAEP mathematics achievement levels, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 11Average scores among 15-year-olds in the United States on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) mathematics literacy assessment, by race/ethnicity: 2003

Figure 12aPercentage of high school graduates who completed advanced mathematics coursework, by highest level completed and race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 12bPercentage of high school graduates who completed advanced science coursework, by highest level completed and race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 12cPercentage of high school graduates who completed advanced English coursework, by highest level completed and race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 12dPercentage of high school graduates who completed year three or higher of a foreign language, by highest level completed and race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 13Percentage distribution of grades on all Advanced Placement (AP) exams, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 14Average SAT scores for 12th-grade SAT test-taking population, by race/ethnicity: 2006

Chapter 4. Persistence

Figure 15Percentage of 8th-graders at or above Basic on the NAEP mathematics assessment, by race/ethnicity and number of days absent from school in the past month: 2005

Figure 16Percentage of public school students in kindergarten through 12th grade who had ever been suspended, by race/ethnicity and sex: 2003

Figure 17Percentage of 16- to 24-year-olds who were high school status dropouts, by race/ethnicity: 1989–2005

Chapter 5. Student Behavior

Figure 18Percentage of high school sophomores who participated in interscholastic sports activities, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2002

Figure 19.1Percentage of students in grades 1 through 12 who use computers at school and at home, by race/ethnicity: 2003

Figure 20aPercentage of 12- to 17-year-olds who used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana in past month, by race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 20bPercentage of 18- to 25-year-olds who used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana in past month by race/ethnicity: 2004

Figure 21Number of live births per 1,000 females 15 to 19 years old, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1980–2004

Figure 22aPercentage of high school students who reported that they were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property, carried a weapon to school, or engaged in a physical fight on school property, by race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 22bPercentage of students ages 12 to 18 who reported that street gangs were present at school during previous 6 months, by locale and race/ethnicity: 2005

Chapter 6. Postsecondary Education

Figure 23.1Difference in percentages of male and female undergraduate fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1976–2004

Figure 23.2Difference in percentages of male and female graduate fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1976–2004

Figure 23.3Percentage of 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in colleges and universities, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1980–2004

Figure 24bAverage amount of financial aid awarded from any source per full-time, full-year undergraduate student, by race/ethnicity: 2003–04

Figure 25.1Percentage distribution of bachelor's degrees conferred by degree-granting institutions, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2003–04

Chapter 7. Outcomes of Education

Figure 26.1Percentage of adults ages 25 and over with bachelor's degree or higher as their highest level of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1990–2005

Figure 27Unemployment rates for persons ages 16 and over, by educational attainment and race/ethnicity: 2005

Figure 28Median earnings for persons 25 years old and over, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2005

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