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Homeschooling in the United States: 2003

NCES 2006-042
February 2006

Table 3. Percentage distribution of all students, homeschooled students, and nonhomeschooled students, ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by various characteristics: 1999 and 2003
Characteristic 1999 2003
All students Home-
schooled1
Public schooled Private schooled All students Home-
schooled1
Public Schooled Private schooled
     Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Grade equivalent2
  K– 5 48.7 50.4 47.8 56.6 47.9 43.3 47.4 52.4
    Kindergarten 7.6 10.8 7.0 12.1 7.2 9.0 7.0 8.6
    Grades 1–3 25.3 23.5 25.1 27.5 23.9 19.7 23.6 26.8
    Grades 4–5 15.8 16.0 15.7 17.0 16.8 14.7 16.8 17.1
  Grades 6–8 23.5 21.9 23.7 22.4 24.6 27.8 24.7 23.2
  Grades 9–12 27.8 27.7 28.6 20.9 27.5 28.9 27.9 24.3
Race/ethnicity
  White, non-Hispanic 64.7 75.3 63.1 76.8 62.3 77.0 60.9 70.5
  Black, non-Hispanic 16.0 9.9 16.8 10.0 15.7 9.4 16.3 12.7
  Hispanic 14.0 9.1 14.9 7.3 15.9 5.3 16.9 10.5
  Other 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.8 6.0 8.3 5.9 6.3
Sex
  Female 49.2 51.0 48.9 50.7 49.1 48.1 49.1 49.4
  Male 50.8 49.0 51.1 49.3 50.9 51.9 50.9 50.6
Number of children in the household
  One child 16.4 14.1 16.3 17.8 15.8 10.1 15.8 17.0
  Two children 39.6 24.4 39.9 39.6 40.5 28.0 40.6 42.4
  Three or more children 44.0 61.6 43.8 42.6 43.7 62.0 43.6 40.6
Number of parents in the household
  Two parents 65.8 80.4 64.4 75.6 70.9 80.8 69.5 80.0
  One parent 30.8 16.7 32.0 22.7 26.2 17.9 27.3 18.4
  Nonparental guardians 3.4 2.9 3.6 1.7 3.0 1.3 3.2 1.6
Parents' participation in the labor force
  Two parents–both in labor force 45.6 27.9 45.5 49.5 49.5 25.0 49.3 56.3
  Two parents–one in labor force 19.2 52.2 17.9 25.2 20.8 54.2 19.7 22.9
  One parent in labor force 27.7 11.6 28.8 20.4 23.8 15.9 24.7 17.4
  No parent in labor force 7.5 8.3 7.8 4.9 5.9 4.9 6.3 3.4
Household Income
  $25,000 or less 33.4 30.9 35.6 14.8 24.4 25.8 26.2 9.4
   25,001–50,000 30.3 32.7 30.6 27.5 26.1 28.4 26.9 18.5
   50,001–75,000 17.1 19.1 16.8 19.4 21.6 24.1 21.5 22.1
   75,001 or more 19.2 17.4 17.0 38.3 27.9 21.7 25.3 50.0
Parents' highest educational attainment
  High school diploma or less 36.5 18.9 39.0 17.8 31.8 24.5 34.2 13.1
  Voc/tech degree or some college 30.2 33.7 31.0 23.2 31.7 30.8 32.6 24.5
  Bachelor's degree 16.5 25.1 15.2 26.6 19.3 25.0 17.8 30.9
  Graduate/professional school 16.8 22.3 14.9 32.4 17.2 19.6 15.4 31.5
Urbanicity3
  Urban 74.5 67.6 73.2 87.2 79.2 72.4 77.9 91.1
  Rural 25.5 32.4 26.8 12.8 20.8 27.6 22.1 8.9
Region
  Northeast 20.4 13.4 19.9 25.8 18.2 15.3 17.4 24.8
  South 34.6 41.8 34.7 32.2 34.0 40.6 34.8 26.3
  Midwest 24.0 19.5 23.8 26.2 23.6 21.8 22.8 30.2
  West 21.0 25.3 21.5 15.8 24.3 22.3 25.0 18.7
1 Excludes students who were enrolled in school for more than 25 hours a week and students who were homeschooled due to a temporary illness.
2 Students whose grade-equivalent was "ungraded" were excluded from the grade analysis. The percent of students with an "ungraded" grade equivalent was 0.02 percent in 2003 and 0.03 percent in 1999.
3 Urbanicity is based on a U.S. Census classification of places. Urban is a place with at least 50,000 people. Rural is a place not classifed as urban.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent Survey of the 1999 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES); Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the 2003 NHES.
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