3.2.1 Gross Area (Gross Square Feet—GSF)
(See figure 3-2 below)
- Definition. The sum of all areas on all floors of a building included
within the outside faces of its exterior walls, including all vertical penetration
areas, for circulation and shaft areas that connect one floor to another.
- Basis for Measurement. Gross Area is computed by physically
measuring or scaling measurements from the outside faces of exterior walls,
disregarding cornices, pilasters, buttresses, etc., that extend beyond the
wall faces. Exclude areas having less than a 3-foot clear ceiling height
unless the criteria of a separate structure are met. (See section 2.3, What
to Include in a Building Inventory.)
Measured in terms of Gross Square Feet (GSF),
GSF = Net Usable Area + Structural Space
- Description. In addition to all the internal floored spaces obviously
covered above, Gross Area should include the following: excavated basement
areas; interstitial space (i.e., mechanical floor or walkways), mezzanines,
penthouses, and attics; garages; covered porches, whether walled or not;
inner or outer balconies to the extent of a drip line from a roof or balcony
immediately above, whether walled or not, if they are utilized for operational
functions; and corridors or walkways, whether walled or not, provided they
are either within the outside face lines of the building to the extent of
the roof drip line or, if covered, to the extent of their cover’s drip line.
The footprints of stairways, elevator shafts, and vertical duct shafts are
to be counted as gross area on each floor through which they pass.
- Limitations. Exclude open areas such as parking lots, playing
fields, pools, courts, light wells, and portions of upper floors eliminated
by spaces or lobbies that rise above single-floor ceiling height. Exclude
unexcavated basement areas.
- Exception. Include top, unroofed floor of parking structures
where parking is available. (See the section on parking structures after
Figure 3-2. Gross Area of a building by floor