|Table 9. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose families are receiving assistance for child care costs, by type of weekly care arrangement and child and family characteristics: 2005|
|Characteristic||Number of children (thousands)||Receive assistance for child care|
|Less than 1 year||924||19|
|Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic||261||13|
|Other race, non-Hispanic1||515||26|
|Parentsí language spoken most at home2|
|Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English||8,058||19|
|One of two parents speaks English||125||18|
|No parent speaks English||608||17|
|Motherís level of education3|
|Less than a high school||331||38|
|Vocational/technical or some college||2,556||21|
|Graduate or professional education|
|Motherís school enrollment status3|
|Motherís employment status3|
|35 or more hours per week||4,673||16|
|Less than 35 hours per week||2,036||19|
|Looking for work||375||58|
|Not in the labor force||1,535||16|
|Motherís work shift3, 4|
|Concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|No concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|$25,000 or less||1,734||52|
|$25,001 to $50,000||1,717||21|
|$50,001 to $75,000||2,008||11|
|$75,001 to $100,000||1,487||5|
|$100,001 or more||1,845||5|
|At or above poverty threshold||7,480||12|
|Below poverty threshold||1,311||55|
1"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
2Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
3Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.
4Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.
5Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"
6Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.
NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, who are in at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement with fees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).