|Table 3. Percentage distribution of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose parents reported various combinations of weekly care arrangements, by child and family characteristics: 2005|
|Characteristic||Number of children
|One relative arrangement only||One nonrelative arrangement only||One center-based program only1||More than one nonparental arrangement of a single type2||Combination of nonparental arrangement types3|
|Less than 1 year||1,471||36||27||23||6||7|
|Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic||348||17||9||55||5||14|
|Other race, non-Hispanic4||773||26||7||43||5||20|
|Parentsí language spoken most at home5|
|Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English||11,090||19||14||44||6||17|
|One of two parents speaks English||210||22||7||62||4!||5|
|No parent speaks English||1,044||24||15||48||4||8|
|Motherís level of education6|
|Less than a high school||730||31||10||44||5||10|
|Vocational/technical or some college||3,504||23||14||42||5||16|
|Graduate or professional education|
|Motherís school enrollment status6|
|Motherís employment status6|
|35 or more hours per week||6,078||20||17||39||6||18|
|Less than 35 hours per week||2,978||23||14||37||6||21|
|Looking for work||652||28||12||44||10||7|
|Not in the labor force||2,380||13||6||69||3||9|
|Motherís work shift6, 7|
|Concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|No concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|$25,000 or less||3,008||27||9||43||5||15|
|$25,001 to $50,000||2,767||27||11||40||5||17|
|$50,001 to $75,000||2,635||16||19||44||6||15|
|$75,001 to $100,000||1,775||13||19||47||6||15|
|$100,001 or more||2,159||10||13||52||5||21|
|At or above poverty threshold||10,017||18||15||45||6||17|
|Below poverty threshold||2,328||28||9||43||5||15|
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.
1Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.
2Estimates include more than one arrangement of a given type (e.g., two relative arrangements).
3Estimates include any combination of relative care, nonrelative care, and center-based programs, but only one arrangement of a given type (e.g., one nonrelative arrangement, or one center-based program).
4"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
5Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
6Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.
7Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.
8Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"
9Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.
NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).