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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 2. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten participating in Head Start or Early Head Start on a weekly basis, by child and family characteristics: 2005
 
Characteristic Number of children (thousands) Percentage participating in Head Start or Early Head Start
  Total 12,3449
 
Childís age
Less than 1 year 1,4713
1-2 years 4,2624
3-5 years 6,61113
 
Childís sex
Male 6,4119
Female 5,9348
 
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 7,0885
Black, non-Hispanic 2,03919
Hispanic 2,09613
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 3486
Other race, non-Hispanic1 7737
 
Family type
Two parents 9,1686
One parent 2,96115
Nonparent guardian(s) 21623
 
Parentsí language spoken most at home2
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 11,0908
One of two parents speaks English 21018
No parent speaks English 1,04416
 
Motherís level of education3
Less than a high school 73029
High school/GED 3,10415
Vocational/technical or some college 3,5047
Bachelorís degree 2,8453
Graduate or professional education or degree 1,9052
 
Motherís school enrollment status3
Enrolled 1,89411
Not enrolled 10,1948
 
Motherís employment status3
35 or more hours per week 6,0787
Less than 35 hours per week 2,9788
Looking for work 65211
Not in the labor force 2,38014
 
Motherís work shift3, 4
Regular shift 7,9856
Variable shift 1,07112
 
Neighborhood conditions5
Concern regarding neighborhood health and safety conditions 2,0187
No concern regarding neighborhood health and safety conditions 10,3279
 
Household income
$25,000 or less 3,00819
$25,001 to $50,000 2,76712
$50,001 to $75,000 2,6354
$75,001 to $100,000 1,7752
$100,001 or more 2,159#
 
Poverty status6
At or above poverty threshold 10,0176
Below poverty threshold 2,32821
# Rounds to zero.

1"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

2Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

3Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

4Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

5Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

6Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten who have at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education