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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 14. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten enrolled in a weekly center-based program at a specified location, by child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of children
Location of center-based care arrangement(s)1
Church, synagogue, or other place of worship Public school
Private school
Its own building All other locations
  Total 7,4002517933810
Childís age
Less than 1 year 4081222!1!6517
1-2 years 1,830214935213
3-5 years 5,161282394318
Childís sex
Male 3,9872419933611
Female 3,412271593417
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 4,310331393369
Black, non-Hispanic 1,284112052539
Hispanic 1,07712301153311
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 2442119133!369
Other race, non-Hispanic2484251583!3517
Family type
Two parents 5,57329161043510
One parent 1,685161963509
Nonparent guardian(s) 14293510!3510
Parentsí language spoken most at home3
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 6,6772715834010
One of two parents speaks English 13893512933
No parent speaks English 5841236156239
Motherís level of education4
Less than a high school 384104255309
High school/GED 1,736182254448
Vocational/technical or some college 1,9752816823812
Bachelorís degree 1,9583113134358
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
Motherís school enrollment status4
Enrolled 1,1872012834812
Not enrolled 6,051271893379
Motherís employment status4
35 or more hours per week 3,3981814925010
Less than 35 hours per week 1,6302915863410
Looking for work 328182155!4110
Not in the labor force 1,883382294218
Motherís work shift4, 5
Regular shift 4,4792014934710
Variable shift 5493218662613
Neighborhood conditions6
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
Household income
$25,000 or less 1,715172443449
$25,001 to $50,000 1,532192374398
$50,001 to $75,000 1,5162915843711
$75,001 to $100,000 1,12531121233511
$100,001 or more 1,511338153369
Poverty status7
At or above poverty threshold 6,07327161043710
Below poverty threshold 1,326172353459
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.

Reporting standards not met.

1Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.

2"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

3Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

4Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

5Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

6Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

7Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include all children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly center-based care arrangement. Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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