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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 13. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten who received various health care services from a weekly center-based care provider, by Head Start designation and child and family characteristics: 2005
 
Characteristic Number of children
(thousands)
Hearing, speech, or vision testing Physical examinations Formal testing for developmental or learning problems
  Total 7,400361034
 
Head Start status of arrangement
Attends Head Start at center 997723674
Does not attend Head Start at center 6,40331628
 
Childís age
Less than 1 year 408134!11
1-2 years 1,83022618
3-5 years 5,161431242
 
Childís sex
Male 3,98737937
Female 3,412351131
 
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 4,31035528
Black, non-Hispanic 1,284441949
Hispanic 1,077381743
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 244301731
Other race, non-Hispanic148428929
 
Family type
Two parents 5,57334730
One parent 1,685421946
Nonparent guardian(s) 142521665
 
Parentsí language spoken most at home2
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 6,67736833
One of two parents speaks English 138262643
No parent speaks English 584422646
 
Motherís level of education3
Less than a high school 384613867
High school/GED 1,736441743
Vocational/technical or some college 1,97535634
Bachelorís degree 1,95831526
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
1,18428323
 
Motherís school enrollment status3
Enrolled 1,18736839
Not enrolled 6,051361033
 
Motherís employment status3
35 or more hours per week 3,39834831
Less than 35 hours per week 1,63037733
Looking for work 328431951
Not in the labor force 1,883391436
 
Motherís work shift3, 4
Regular shift 4,47934730
Variable shift 549391345
 
Neighborhood conditions5
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
1,089371032
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
6,311361035
 
Household income
$25,000 or less 1,715492553
$25,001 to $50,000 1,532411339
$50,001 to $75,000 1,51631229
$75,001 to $100,000 1,12531324
$100,001 or more 1,51127221
 
Poverty status6
At or above poverty threshold 6,07333630
Below poverty threshold 1,326512754
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.

1"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

2Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

3Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

4Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

5Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

6Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include all children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly center-based care arrangement. Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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