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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 12. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten who receive sick child care, by arrangement type and child and family characteristics: 2005
 
Characteristic Number of children (thousands) Children with at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement1 Sick child care by type of nonparental care arrangement2
Relative Nonrelative Center-based3
Receives care when sick with no fever Receives care when sick with fever Receives care when sick with no fever Receives care when sick with fever Receives care when sick with no fever Receives care when sick with fever Receives care when sick with no fever Receives care when sick with fever
  Total 12,344613691758339296
 
Childís age
Less than 1 year 1,471784893798434444!
1-2 years 4,262694088728140385
3-5 years 6,611533193778440256
 
Childís sex
Male 6,411603590748236286
Female 5,934633892768442315
 
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 7,088613595798638253
Black, non-Hispanic 2,0396137847383453810
Hispanic 2,096613787647040319
Asian or Pacific Islander,
  non-Hispanic
348562893728829274
Other race, non-Hispanic47736948898483314212
 
Family type
Two parents 9,168593292728236274
One parent 2,9616948898185513810
Nonparent guardian(s) 2166952959161444015!
 
Parentsí language spoken most
  at home
5
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 11,090623792778539295
One of two parents speaks English 2105229726266434013!
No parent speaks English 1,0445430815156323413
 
Motherís level of education6
Less than a high school 7306439866160414215
High school/GED 3,104684493828739348
Vocational/technical or some college 3,504643788747835357
Bachelorís degree 2,845512690718232213
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
1,905603396748947242
 
Motherís school enrollment status6
Enrolled 1,894623791768239324
Not enrolled 10,194613691758338296
 
Motherís employment status6
35 or more hours per week 6,078693892768638376
Less than 35 hours per week 2,978644294768037235
Looking for work 6526038696474404712
Not in the labor force 2,380382289727241185
 
Motherís work shift6, 7
Regular shift 7,985683892758536345
Variable shift 1,071664995808052236
 
Neighborhood conditions8
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
2,018603985708445287
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
10,327623693768338305
 
Household income
$25,000 or less 3,0086444877574463712
$25,001 to $50,000 2,767664093768034316
$50,001 to $75,000 2,635633092698228334
$75,001 to $100,000 1,775582989769234232
$100,001 or more 2,159533396838653212
 
Poverty status9
At or above poverty threshold 10,017623593768537284
Below poverty threshold 2,3286142867270473411
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.

1Estimates indicate the percentage of children with sick child care in at least one arrangement across all arrangements of all types.

2For children with more than one arrangement of a given type, estimates indicate that there is sick child care in at least one arrangement of that type.

3Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.

4"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

5Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

6Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

7Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

8Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

9Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include all children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education