|Table 1. Percentage distribution of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten participating in various weekly nonparental care arrangements, by child and family characteristics: 2005|
|Characteristic||Number of children
|No weekly nonparental care arrangement||At least one weekly nonparental care arrangement||Distribution of weekly nonparental care arrangement, by type1|
|Less than 1 year||3,519||58||42||48||33||28|
|Asian or Pacific Islander,|
|Other race, non-Hispanic3||1,278||40||60||43||15||63|
|Parentsí language spoken most|
|Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English||17,620||37||63||35||23||60|
|One of two parents speaks English||565||63||37||29||11||66|
|No parent speaks English||2,480||58||42||32||21||56|
|Motherís level of education5|
|Less than a high school||2,067||65||35||43||15||53|
|Vocational/technical or some college||5,663||38||62||38||22||56|
|Graduate or professional education|
|Motherís school enrollment status5|
|Motherís employment status5|
|35 or more hours per week||7,168||15||85||36||27||56|
|Less than 35 hours per week||4,329||31||69||42||25||55|
|Looking for work||1,459||55||45||42||16||50|
|Not in the labor force||7,353||68||32||20||10||79|
|Motherís work shift5, 6|
|Concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|No concern regarding neighborhood|
health and safety conditions
|$25,000 or less||5,912||49||51||43||16||57|
|$25,001 to $50,000||5,256||47||53||42||19||55|
|$50,001 to $75,000||4,307||39||61||31||27||58|
|$75,001 to $100,000||2,445||27||73||26||26||63|
|$100,001 or more||2,746||21||79||26||27||70|
|At or above poverty threshold||15,900||37||63||33||24||61|
|Below poverty threshold||4,766||51||49||44||16||57|
1Children may have more than one nonparental care arrangement of the same type or more than one nonparental care arrangement of different types.
2Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.
3"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
4Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
5Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.
6Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.
7Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"
8Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.
NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).