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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives
Indicator 2.3: Special Education

Figure 2.3a. Percentage of children in each racial/ethnic group served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 2003
Percentage of children in each racial/ethnic group served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 2003
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), Data Tables for OSEP State Reported Data, 2003.


Figure 2.3b. Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 1998 to 2003
Percentage of children ages 3 to 21 served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), by race/ethnicity: 1998 to 2003
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), 1998 to 2003.

American Indian/Alaska Native children are more likely than White, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander children to be served by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

In 2003, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) served 9 percent of all U.S. children between the ages of 3 and 21 who were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools.6 American Indian/Alaska Native and Black children were more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to receive services under the IDEA. About 12 percent of American Indian/Alaska Native children and 11 percent of Black children received IDEA services in 2003, compared to 8 percent of White children, 8 percent of Hispanic children, and 4 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander children. In addition, the percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native children served under IDEA increased from 10 percent in 1998 to 12 percent in 2003.

View Table View Table 2.3a

View Table View Table 2.3b



6 The precursor to IDEA-Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)-was first passed in 1975 to provide federal funding for the education of individuals with disabilities. This act was amended in 1990 to become IDEA and reauthorized in December 2004. IDEA aims "to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free, appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs; to ensure that the rights of children with disabilities and the parents of such children are protected; to assist state localities, educational service agencies, and Federal agencies to provide for the education of all children with disabilities; and to assess and ensure the effectiveness of efforts to educate children with disabilities." Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, P.L. 108-446, 118 Stat. 2647 (2004).


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