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Percentage of families with children under 18 living in poverty, by race/ethnicity and family type: 1989, 1999, and 2003 -- Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives
 
Indicator 1.6: Individuals, Families, and Children in Poverty

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Table 1.6b. Percentage of families with children under 18 living in poverty, by race/ethnicity and family type: 1989, 1999, and 2003
Race/ethnicity All families Married-couple families Male householder, no spouse present Female householder, no spouse present
1989
   Total 17.6 7.3 19.5 42.3
White 10.5 5.9 15.6 34.3
Black 33.0 12.2 27.6 52.5
Hispanic 27.4 18.2 28.3 54.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 13.9 10.7 19.9 35.6
American Indian/Alaska Native 33.4 20.6 39.4 57.6
1999
   Total 13.6 6.6 17.7 34.3
White 9.4 5.0 14.3 27.8
Black 27.2 9.4 24.9 41.8
Hispanic 24.1 17.0 24.9 44.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 11.7 9.1 17.5 28.5
American Indian/Alaska Native27.0 15.5 30.3 45.7
20031
   Total 14.9 6.618.0 36.5
White 11.5 5.7 15.4 32.2
Black 28.7 8.6 24.8 42.6
Hispanic 23.5 15.9 15.6 46.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 11.1 8.0 18.4 28.3
American Indian/Alaska Native26.9 13.7 21.8 48.0
12003 data are from the American Community Survey, rather than Decennial Census. Use caution in comparing these percentages to those from 1989 and 1999.
NOTE: To define poverty, the U.S. Census Bureau utilizes a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition. A family, along with each individual in it, is considered poor if the family's total income is less than that family's threshold. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically and are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and does not include capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps). Race groups include persons of Hispanic origin.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1990 and 2000; American Community Survey, unpublished data, 2003.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education