Violent Deaths at School
Nonfatal Student Victimization-Student Reports
Violence and Crime at School-Public School Reports
Nonfatal Teacher Victimization at School-Teacher Reports
Full Report (PDF) (PDF - 1152 KB)
14. Students' reports of being called hate-related words and seeing hate-related graffiti
In 2001, 12 percent of students ages 12?18 reported that someone at school had used hate-related words against them, and more than one-third of students (36 percent) saw hate-related graffiti at school.
A student?s exposure to hate-related words or symbols at school may increase that student?s feeling of vulnerability. Discriminatory behavior in schools can create a hostile environment that is not conducive to learning (McLaughlin and Brilliant 1997). In the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, students ages 12?18 were asked if someone at school called them a derogatory word having to do with race, religion, ethnicity, disability, gender, or sexual orientation during the previous 6 months. In the 2001 administration of the survey, they were then asked to specify the characteristic to which the hate-related word was directed. In 2001, 12 percent of students ages 12?18 reported that someone at school had used hate-related words against them (figure 14.1 and table 14.1). Four percent of respondents reported that the hate- related words concerned their race, about 3 percent each reported that the hate-related words concerned their ethnicity or gender, and between 1 and 2 percent each reported that the words were related to their religion, disability, or sexual orientation.
Students were also asked if they had seen hate-related graffiti at their school ? that is, hate-related words or symbols written in classrooms, bathrooms, hallways, or on the outside of the school building. In both 1999 and 2001, more than one-third (36 percent) of students saw hate-related graffiti at school (table 14.2).
In 2001, there were differences across sex and race/ethnicity in students? experience being called specific types of hate-related words (tables 14.1 and 14.2). For example, females were more likely to report gender-related hate words than males (4 percent of females vs. 1 percent of males). Whites were less likely to report race-related hate words than students of other race/ethnicities (3 percent of Whites compared to 8 percent of Blacks, 5 percent of Hispanics, and 10 percent of students of other races).
Students in public schools were more likely than students in private schools to report being called hate-related words or seeing hate-related graffiti in 2001. Specifically, public school students were more likely to report exposure to hate words related to their race, ethnicity, or disability.