||American Institute of Architects Committee on Architecture
for Education (AIA/CAE)
The AIA/CAE is one of 22 professional interest areas of the
American Institute of Architects. The CAE aims to serve architects
interested in design of educational facilities and help them
stay abreast of the most current trends. The committee puts
on several conferences each year where members can obtain up-to-date
information and network with each other.
||Association of School Business Officials International
ASBO International provides programs and services to promote
the highest standards of school business management practices
and professional growth, and the effective use of educational
resources. It also provides a forum for the exchange of information
among school management executives and public and private school
districts. ASBO collaborated with Johnson Controls, Inc. on
two publications to assist school business officials with the
challenges of improving school facilities: Financing School
Facilities and Maintenance & Operations Solutions: Meeting
the Challenge of Improving School Facilities.
In another cooperative endeavor, ASBO International joined forces
with the National Forum on Education Statistics to create the
School Facility Management Task Force, which developed the Planning
Guide for Maintaining School Facilities. This practical
guide stresses the importance of safe and healthy facilities
as tools for supporting effective education and communicates
the vital role that appropriate facilities maintenance planning
can play in ensuring safe and clean facilities.
||California's Coalition for Adequate School Housing (CASH)
CASH promotes, develops, and supports the enactment of statewide
and local funding alternatives for construction, maintenance,
and modernization of public K-12 schools. Its web-based School
Facilities Resources Center provides useful "how-to" materials
that represent best practices in the planning, design, construction,
occupancy, and maintenance of schools in California.
||Council of Educational Facility Planners International
CEFPI fosters, promotes, and disseminates best practices in
school planning, maintenance, and operations. Through its publications,
the Issuetrak, The Communicator, and the Educational
Facility Planner, CEFPI provides practitioner-based information
related to education facilities.
||National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
NASSP is a support organization for principals and others involved
in the education field. It provides professional resources to
promote effective change within the educational community. Its
publication Safe Schools: A Handbook for Practitioners
provides step-by-step instructions for assessing security at
||National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities (NCEF)
Funded by the U.S. Department of Education, NCEF is an information
resource for people who plan, design, build, operate, and maintain
K-12 schools. Its web site provides links to a wide variety
of organizations and catalogues information on facility-related
topics. Many of the resources in this Guide were obtained from
the NCEF web site.
||National Education Association (NEA)
NEA is America's oldest and largest organization committed to
advancing the cause of public education. Founded in 1857, NEA
represents more than 2.5 million members who work at every level
of education, from preschool to university graduate programs.
The NEA addresses issues such as class size reduction and school
||National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS)
NIBS is a nongovernmental, nonprofit organization established
by the Congress to serve the public interest by promoting a
more rational regulatory environment for the building community,
facilitating the introduction of new and innovative technology,
and disseminating nationally recognized technical information.
NIBS manages the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
||National School Plant Management Association (NSPMA)
NSPMA is a membership organization that facilitates the exchange
of information on school plant management, maintenance, and
care, and promotes the professional advancement of school plant
management personnel. Its web site provides links to its state
NetDay is a national education technology nonprofit organization
whose mission is to help educators effectively use technology
to boost educational results. NetDay began in 1995 as a grassroots
volunteer effort by companies, educators, families, and communities
to wire the nation's K-12 classrooms for Internet access. The
first National Wiring Event was held on March 9, 1996, in California,
where an estimated 50,000 volunteers wired 4,000 schoolsapproximately
one-third of California's K-12 schools. Since then, NetDay has
expanded to 40 states and mobilized over 500,000 volunteers
to wire more than 75,000 classrooms across the country. Its
web site contains information on how to organize a NetDay and
provides an installation guide for wiring classrooms.
||21st Century School Fund
The 21st Century School Fund is a national nonprofit organization
that works to build public will and capacity to modernize urban
school facilities through research, constituency building, and
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This program of the U.S. Department of Energy provides information
on reducing energy costs through better school design and management
practices. The EnergySmart Schools campaign offers schools training
workshops, publications, recognition, direct technical assistance,
financing options, and a host of other resources. Some of these
resources are provided directly by DOE but many come from its
public and private sector partners in Rebuild America. Its web
site provides how-to guides for improving energy conservation
in existing school buildings and designing energy-efficient
||Energy Star for Schools
Energy Star for Schools is a program sponsored by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency to help schools and school districts track
and manage energy use, evaluate facility financial performance,
and locate energy-efficient products and services for use in
new school construction. Free software and technical guidance
are offered. Its Technical
Description for K-12 Schools (PDF file 594 kb), which
is available on its web site, describes a Portfolio Manager
approach to evaluation of schools in the portfolio manager,
including the statistical basis of the calculations that result
in a benchmark score for K-12 school buildings.
The Schools and Libraries Universal Service Fund, popularly
known as "E-Rate," was created as part of the Telecommunications
Act of 1996 to make telecommunications services affordable
for every school and library. Through this fund, eligible
schools and libraries receive discounts of 20 percent to 90
percent on telecommunications services, internal connections,
and Internet access. Although the Fund does not directly pay
for desktop computers, learning software, or teacher/librarian
training, schools and libraries can use the funds they save
on telecommunications infrastructure to support these elements
of a comprehensive technology plan. The E-Rate web site, a
program of the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational
Technology, provides general information, publications, and
training conferences on the E-Rate program.
||General Accounting Office (GAO)
The GAO has produced several widely quoted reports on school
facilities. These reports can be located either on the GAO web
site or by using the search function on NCEF's home page, http://www.edfacilities.org/
||Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Schools
IAQ in Schools is a program of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) that provides information on improving air quality
through better school design and management practices. EPA's
Indoor Environments Division developed the IAQ Tools for
Schools to provide guidance and action items for facility
managers, teachers, administrators, and heath officials. Also
provided are tips on community sponsorship of IAQ programs in
schools. Another publication, Mold Remediation in Schools
and Commercial Buildings, presents guidelines for building
managers, custodians, and others for dealing effectively with
mold and moisture problems so as to protect the health of both
building occupants and remediators. This publication can be
downloaded from www.epa.gov/iaq/molds/index.html
||International Code Council
The International Code Council leads a cooperative effort to
bring national uniformity to building codes. Among other standards
documents, the ICC publishes the International Building Code,
International Energy Conservation Code, International Fire Code,
International Fuel Gas Code, International Mechanical Code,
International Plumbing Code, International Private Sewage Disposal
Code, International Property Maintenance Code, International
Residential Code, International Zoning Code, and ICC Electrical
Code Administrative Provisions.
||National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
NCES, within the Institute of Education Sciences in the U.S.
Department of Education, is the primary federal entity for collecting
and analyzing data related to education in this country and
around the world. It supports the National Forum on Education
Statistics, which commissioned this Guide. To download NCES
data handbooks from its website, search for "Handbook" in its
electronic catalog. Finance information for elementary/secondary
public or private education can be found at http://nces.ed.gov/edfin
||Sandia National Laboratories
Under the U.S. Department of Energy, the Sandia laboratories
conduct programs to increase school security. Its popular publication
An Appropriate and Effective Use of Security Technologies
in U.S. Schools, available at www.ncjrs.org/school/home.html,
discusses various types of security measures, such as video
surveillance, metal detection, entry-control technologies, and
duress alarm devices, that can be used in schools.
||The U.S. Access Board
The Access Board is an independent federal agency that advocates
for accessibility for people with disabilities. Key responsibilities
of the Board include developing and maintaining accessibility
requirements for the built environment, transit vehicles, telecommunications
equipment, and electronic and information technology; providing
technical assistance and training on these guidelines and standards;
and enforcing accessibility standards for federally funded facilities.
The Board's web site provides guidelines and standards for implementing
the requirements under the Architectural Barrier Act,
a law requiring access to facilities designed, built, altered,
or leased with federal funds; the Rehabilitation Act,
which created the Access Board, and the Rehabilitation Act
Amendments, which require access to electronic and information
technology in the federal sector; the Americans with Disabilities
Act, a major civil rights law prohibiting discrimination
on the basis of disability in the private and public sectors;
and the Telecommunications Act (Section 255), which requires
access to new telecommunications and customer premises equipment
where "readily achievable."
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||Alaska Department of Education and Early Development
This web site provides information on Alaska school capital
projects, forms, costs, bond reimbursement and grant review,
and facility renewal and replacement schedules.
||Arizona School Facilities Board
This web site contains board policies, facilities assessment
forms and documents, district data, and meeting summaries.
||Arkansas Department of Education
This web site provides information on financial accountability,
local fiscal services, school insurance, and contact information
for additional state facilities programs and services.
||California Department of General Services, Office of Public
This state-level office manages school construction, lease-purchase
arrangements, and maintenance of schools. Its web site provides
information about a construction cost index, the California
Codes, and the Deferred Maintenance Program Handbook.
||California School Facilities Planning Division
This web site is designed to assist school districts and their
communities in creating well-planned K-12 learning environments
in safe, clean, and up-to-date schools.
||Chicago Public Schools Capital Improvement Program
This web site provides information on the Chicago program's
operations, public hearings, and budgets for fiscal years 2000-2004.
||Connecticut State Department of Education, Division of
Grants Management, School Facilities Unit
This web site provides detailed information on the state's construction
grant process, educational specifications, state facilities
assessment, school construction priority list, and current school
projects and architect listing.
||Florida Department of Education Office of Educational Facilities
This web site offers basic technical support for facilities-related
responsibilities and concerns of Florida public school boards
and community colleges. Of special interest is the publication
FISH (Florida Inventory of School Houses), a state-level
facilities assessment system.
||Georgia Department of Education Facilities Services
This department assists Georgia school systems in developing
long-range capital improvement plans, acquiring funds, and reviewing
architectural plans. Its web site provides data rules and guidelines.
||Illinois School Construction Program
The Illinois State Board of Education and the Capital Development
Board are jointly responsible for administering the School Construction
Program, a state-funded building program for local school districts.
Over a 5-year period, the program will provide $2.5 billion
in state funds for local school construction projects. When
matched with required local funding, the program is expected
to result in $5 billion in new or improved public school facilities.
||Illinois State Board of Education School Construction and
Facility Services Division
This web site focuses on school facilities and programs that
affect their construction, expansion, renovation, and maintenance.
Its Health, Life, and Safety Handbook provides checklist
items regarding safety in schools.
||Kentucky Department of Education, Division of Facilities
The agency is responsible for ensuring sanitary, safe, and accessible
construction of public school buildings, playground equipment,
and classrooms. The division assists school districts by reviewing
and approving all sites, new buildings, additions, alterations
of existing buildings, and energy-saving projects. It also reviews
and approves property disposal and property lease agreements
and assists with hazardous materials and construction finance.
The web site provides useful references and "best practice"
materials related to education facilities.
||Maryland Public School Construction Program
This program provides funding for eligible and justified public
school construction projects that are approved by the Board
of Public Works. The web site provides references and facilities
||Mississippi Department of Education, Office of School Building
The web site provides state construction submission rules and
procedures, a profile of school district construction finance,
records of school bond elections, roofing requirements, and
department contact information.
||Missouri Division of School Services, School Governance
This web site offers information on student residency, school
district boundaries, boards of arbitration, school elections,
facility needs, and school safety.
||New Hampshire Department of Education, Office of School
This site provides information on educational specifications,
plans, technical specifications, costs, site considerations,
and financing methodologies.
||New Jersey Department of Education, School Facilities
This site offers information and assistance on state educational
facility planning, educational specifications, financing, and
construction. Facility Standards for Technology in New Jersey
Schools can be downloaded from the web site.
||New Jersey Economic Development Authority's School Construction
This agency is responsible for the design and construction of
school projects in districts receiving at least 55 percent of
their construction costs from the state. This site provides
information about bidding, prequalification of consultants,
and contractor classification.
||New Jersey-The Education Law Center
This nonprofit organization is dedicated to the pursuit of equal
educational opportunity for poor children and children with
disabilities in New Jersey. Its web site addresses equity issues
in education facilities.
||New Jersey School Construction Initiative
The New Jersey Educational Facilities Construction and Financing
Act, enacted in July 2000, launched the New Jersey School Construction
Initiativea comprehensive program for the design, renovation,
repair, and new construction of primary and secondary schools.
The initiative is the largest school construction program undertaken
by the State of New Jersey and is one of the largest school
construction programs in the United States.
||New York City School Construction Authority
This official New York City site contains program descriptions,
forms, contact information, and employment opportunities.
||New York State Education Department, Office of Facilities
This office of the New York State Education Department coordinates
statewide planning, design, and construction for New York Public
Schools. This site provides access to their documents and guidelines.
||North Carolina School Design Clearinghouse
This site is designed for school districts that want to use
a prototype design in the construction of school facilities.
In addition to many documents on planning, the site includes
cost data and publications.
||North Dakota Department of Public Instruction, School Finance
This site contains information on state aid to schools, school
construction approvals, and federal Qualified Zone Academy Bonds.
||Ohio School Facilities Commission
The Commission provides funding, management oversight, and technical
assistance to school districts for construction and renovation
of school facilities. A school facility survey also is included
on this site.
||Pennsylvania Center for Safe Schools
The Center provides training, technical assistance, a clearinghouse
of video and print materials, and a database of resources to
help schools and school districts implement effective programs.
Planning guides to create safe schools and develop crisis plans
are included in this web site.
||Rhode Island Department of Education, Federal and State
Funding, School Construction Aid
This web site is designed to enable school districts that need
new facilities to receive help with their needs and planning
assessments, as well as assistance in determining which construction
costs may be eligible for state reimbursement. It also provides
links to other sites related to school construction.
||Texas Education Agency Facility Funding and Standards
This web site includes information on the state's Instructional
Facilities Allotment (IFA) program and the federal Qualified
Zone Academy Bond program, as well as state school facility
||Washington State Office of Public Instruction, School Construction
This site provides information on state matching funds and technical
support for local school district construction projects and
other K-12 school facilities-related programs.
||West Virginia School Building Authority
This office facilitates and provides state funds for the construction
and maintenance of school facilities. The web site provides
policies and procedural manuals.
||Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, School Management
This site offers school facilities reporting information and
a listing of state resources related to school construction
and facilities management.