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Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP 2000)
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Classification of Instruction Programs Edition 2000 - Changes

Index of all CIP Codes MOVED in CIP 2000

 
01.0000 Agriculture, General.   A program that focuses on the general principles and practice of agricultural research and production and that may prepare individuals to apply this knowledge to the solution of practical agricultural problems. Includes instruction in basic animal, plant, and soil science; animal husbandry and plant cultivation; soil conservation; and agricultural operations such as farming, ranching, and agricultural business. (Moved from 02.0101)

01.0105 Agricultural/Farm Supplies Retailing and Wholesaling.   A program that prepares individuals to sell agricultural products and supplies, provide support services to agricultural enterprises, and purchase and market agricultural products. Includes instruction in basic business management, marketing, retailing and wholesaling operations, and applicable principles of agriculture and agricultural operations. (Moved from 01.0501)

01.0501 Agricultural/Farm Supplies Retailing and Wholesaling.   (Moved, Report under 01.0105)

01.0801 Agricultural and Extension Education Services.   A program that prepares individuals to provide referral, consulting, technical assistance, and educational services to gardeners, farmers, ranchers, agribusinesses, and other organizations. Includes instruction in basic agricultural sciences, agricultural business operations, pest control, adult education methods, public relations, applicable state laws and regulations, and communication skills. (Moved from 02.0102)

01.09 Animal Sciences.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 01.0901- 01.0999. (Moved from 02.02 Series)

01.0901 Animal Sciences, General.   A general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding and husbandry of agricultural animals, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural animal products. Includes instruction in the animal sciences, animal husbandry and production, and agricultural and food products processing. (Moved from 02.0201)

01.0902 Agricultural Animal Breeding.   A program that focuses on the application of genetics and genetic engineering to the improvement of agricultural animal health, the development of new animal breeds, and the selective improvement of agricultural animal populations. Includes instruction in genetics, genetic engineering, population genetics, animal health, animal husbandry, and biotechnology. (Moved from 02.0202)

01.0903 Animal Health.   A program that focuses on the application of biological and chemical principles to the study, prevention, and control of diseases in agricultural animal populations. Includes instruction in environmental science, pharmacology, animal population studies, genetics, animal physiology and diet, disease prevention, treatment methodologies, and laboratory and testing procedures. (Moved from 02.0203)

01.0904 Animal Nutrition.   A program that focuses on the biology and chemistry of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, water, vitamins, and feed additives as related to animal health and the production of improved animal products. Includes instruction in nutrition science, animal health and physiology, biochemistry, cellular and molecular biology, animal husbandry, and food science. (Moved from 02.0204)

01.0905 Dairy Science.   A program that focuses on the application of biological and chemical principles to the production and management of dairy animals and the production and handling of dairy products. Includes instruction in animal sciences, nutrition sciences, food science and technology, biochemistry, and related aspects of human and animal health and safety. (Moved from 02.0206)

01.0907 Poultry Science.   A program that focuses on the application of biological and chemical principles to the production and management of poultry animals and the production and handling of poultry products. Includes instruction in avian sciences, nutrition sciences, food science and technology, biochemistry, hatchery design, and related aspects of human and animal health and safety. (Moved from 02.0209)

01.0999 Animal Sciences, Other.   Any instructional program in the animal sciences not listed above. (Moved from 02.0299)

01.10 Food Science and Technology.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 01.1001- 01.1099. (Moved from 02.03 Series)

01.1001 Food Science.   A program that focuses on the application of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of converting raw agricultural products into processed forms suitable for direct human consumption, and the storage of such products. Includes instruction in applicable aspects of the agricultural sciences, human physiology and nutrition, food chemistry, agricultural products processing, food additives, food preparation and packaging, food storage and shipment, and related aspects of human health and safety including toxicology and pathology. (Moved from 02.0301)

01.11 01.   1101- 01.1199. (Moved from 02.04 Series)

01.1101 Plant Sciences, General.   A general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding, cultivation, and production of agricultural plants, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural plant products. Includes instruction in the plant sciences, crop cultivation and production, and agricultural and food products processing. (Moved from 02.0401)

01.1102 Agronomy and Crop Science.   A program that focuses on the chemical, physical, and biological relationships of crops and the soils nurturing them. Includes instruction in the growth and behavior of agricultural crops, the development of new plant varieties, and the scientific management of soils and nutrients for maximum plant nutrition, health, and productivity. (Moved from 02.0402)

01.1103 Horticultural Science.   A program that focuses on the scientific principles related to the cultivation of garden and ornamental plants, including fruits, vegetables, flowers, and landscape and nursery crops. Includes instruction in specific types of plants, such as citrus; breeding horticultural varieties; physiology of horticultural species; and the scientific management of horticultural plant development and production through the life cycle. (Moved from 02.0403)

01.1105 Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management.   A program that focuses on the application of scientific principles to the control of animal and weed infestation of domesticated plant populations, including agricultural crops; the prevention/reduction of attendant economic loss; and the control of environmental pollution and degradation related to pest infestation and pest control measures. Includes instruction in entomology, applicable animal sciences, plant pathology and physiology, weed science, crop science, and environmental toxicology. (Moved from 02.0408)

01.1106 Range Science and Management.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of rangelands, arid regions, grasslands, and other areas of low productivity, as well as the principles of managing such resources for maximum benefit and environmental balance. Includes instruction in livestock management, wildlife biology, plant sciences, ecology, soil science, and hydrology. (Moved from 02.0409)

01.1199 Plant Sciences, Other.   Any instructional program in plant sciences not listed above. (Moved from 02.0499)

01.1201 (Moved from 02.   05 Series)

01.1201 Soil Science and Agronomy, General.   A program that generally focuses on the scientific classification of soils, soil properties, and their relationship to agricultural crops. Includes instruction in soil chemistry, soil physics, soil biology, soil fertility, morphogenesis, mineralogy, hydrology, agronomy, and soil conservation and management. (Moved from 02.0501)

05.0204 Islamic Studies.   (Moved, Report under 38.0205)

05.0205 Jewish/Judaic Studies.   (Moved, Report under 38.0206)

09.0102 Mass Communication/Media Studies.   A program that focuses on the analysis and criticism of media institutions and media texts, how people experience and understand media content, and the roles of media in producing and transforming culture. Includes instruction in communications regulation, law, and policy; media history; media aesthetics, interpretation, and criticism; the social and cultural effects of mass media; cultural studies; the economics of media industries; visual and media literacy; and the psychology and behavioral aspects of media messages, interpretation, and utilization. (Moved from 09.0403)

09.0201 Advertising.   (Moved, Report under 09.0903)

09.0403 Mass Communications.   (Moved, Report under 09.0102)

09.0903 Advertising.   A program that focuses on the creation, execution, transmission, and evaluation of commercial messages in various media intended to promote and sell products, services, and brands; and that prepares individuals to function as advertising assistants, technicians, and managers. Includes instruction in advertising theory, marketing strategy, advertising design and production methods, campaign methods and techniques, media management, related principles of business management, and applicable technical and equipment skills. (Moved from 09.0201)

10.0103 Photographic Technology/Technician.   (Moved, Report under 10.0201)

10.0104 Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician.   (Moved, Report under 10.0202)

10.0201 Photographic and Film/Video Technology/Technician and Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to the operation and maintenance of camera and lighting equipment and the production of finished still, video, and film products under the supervision of photographers, directors, and editors. Includes instruction in equipment setup and maintenance; lighting; power supplies; studio and film set tasks such as camera operator, grip, and best boy; plate and negative handling and development; laboratory procedures; and digital software applications. (Moved from 10.0103)

10.0202 Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to the production of radio and television programs, and related operations, under the supervision of broadcast and studio managers, directors, editors, and producers. Includes instruction in sound, lighting, and camera operation and maintenance; power and feed control; studio operations; production preparation; broadcast engineering; related computer applications; and specialized applications such as news, entertainment, live talk, sports, commercials, and taping. (Moved from 10.0104)

10.0303 Prepress/Desktop Publishing and Digital Imaging Design.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to the layout, design and typographic arrangement of printed and/or electronic graphic and textual products. Includes instruction in printing and lithographic equipment and operations; computer hardware and software; digital imaging; print preparation; page layout and design; desktop publishing; and applicable principles of graphic design and web page design. (Moved from 48.0212)

10.0305 Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator, General Production.   A program that generally prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to plan, prepare, and execute a variety of commercial and industrial graphic communications jobs. Includes instruction in the operation and maintenance of mechanical, electronic, and digital graphic, printing, and finishing equipment; and related processes. (Moved from 48.0201)

10.0306 Platemaker/Imager.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to prepare film, digital data, and surfaces to reproduce printed or graphic images. Includes instruction in platemaking, stripping, camerawork, imposition, digital imaging, computer direct-to-plate and direct-to-press, and related processes. (Moved from 48.0206)

10.0307 Printing Press Operator.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to set up, operate, and maintain printing presses. (Moved from 48.0208)

10.0308 Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to design and execute page formats, layouts and text composition, and to make typographical selections using computer graphics and other computer-assisted design programs. (Moved from 48.0211)

12.0401 Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, General.   A program that generally prepares individuals to cut, trim, and style scalp, facial, and body hair; apply cosmetic preparations; perform manicures and pedicures; massage the head and extremities; and prepare for practice as licensed cosmetologists in specialized or full-service salons. Includes instruction in hair cutting and styling, manicuring, pedicuring, facial treatments, shampooing, chemical applications, esthetics, shop management, sanitation and safety, customer service, and applicable professional and labor laws and regulations. (Moved from 12.0403)

12.0403 Cosmetologist.   (Moved, Report under 12.0401)

12.0405 Massage.   (Moved, Report under 51.3501)

13.08 Educational Psychology.   (Moved, Report under 42.18 Series)

13.0802 Educational Psychology.   (Moved, Report under 42.1801)

14.3001 Engineering/Industrial Management.   (Moved, Report under 15.1501)

14.3701 Operations Research.   A program that focuses on the development and application of complex mathematical or simulation models to solve problems involving operational systems, where the system concerned is subject to human intervention. Includes instruction in advanced multivariate analysis, application of judgment and statistical tests, optimization theory and techniques, resource allocation theory, mathematical modeling, control theory, statistical analysis, and applications to specific research problems. (Moved from 27.0302)

15.0000 Engineering Technology, General.   A program that generally prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of engineers engaged in a wide variety of projects. Includes instruction in various engineering support functions for research, production, and operations, and applications to specific engineering specialties. (Moved from 15.1101)

15.0301 Computer Engineering Technology/Technician.   (Moved, Report under 15.1201).

15.0404 Instrumentation Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of engineers engaged in developing control and measurement systems and procedures. Includes instruction in instrumentation design and maintenance, calibration, design and production testing and scheduling, automated equipment functions, applications to specific industrial tasks, and report preparation. (Moved from 47.0401)

15.1101 Engineering Technology/Technician, General.   (Moved, Report under 15.0000)

15.1201 Computer Engineering Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of computer engineers engaged in designing and developing computer systems and installations. Includes instruction in computer electronics and programming, prototype development and testing, systems installation and testing, solid state and microminiature circuitry, peripheral equipment, and report preparation. (Moved from 15.0301)

15.1301 Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, General.   A program that prepares individuals to generally apply technical skills to create working drawings and computer simulations for a variety of applications. Includes instruction in specification interpretation, dimensioning techniques, drafting calculations, material estimation, technical communications, computer applications, and interpersonal communications. (Moved from 48.0101)

15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to develop working drawings and electronic simulations for architectural and related construction projects. Includes instruction in basic construction and structural design, architectural rendering, architectural-aided drafting (CAD), layout and designs, architectural blueprint interpretation, building materials, and basic structural wiring diagramming. (Moved from 48.0102)

15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to develop working drawing and electronic simulations in support of civil engineers, geological engineers, and related professionals. Includes instruction in basic civil engineering principles, geological and seismographic mapping, machine drafting, computer-aided drafting (CAD), pipe drafting, survey interpretation, and blueprint reading. (Moved from 48.0103)

15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to develop working schematics and representations in support of electrical/electronic engineers, computer engineers, and related professionals. Includes instruction in basic electronics, electrical systems and computer layouts; electrode-mechanical drafting; manufacturing circuitry; computer-aided drafting (CAD); and electrical systems specification interpretation. (Moved from 48.0104)

15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to develop working drawings and electronic simulations in support of mechanical and industrial engineers, and related professionals. Includes instruction in manufacturing materials and processes, mechanical drafting, electrode-mechanical drafting, basic metallurgy, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing, blueprint reading and technical communication. (Moved from 48.0105)

15.1501 Engineering/Industrial Management.   A program that focuses on the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational management of industrial and manufacturing operations, and prepares individuals to plan and manage such operations. Includes instruction in accounting, engineering economy, financial management, industrial and human resources management, industrial psychology, management information systems, mathematical modeling and optimization, quality control, operations research, safety and health issues, and environmental program management. (Moved from 14.3001)

16.0104 Comparative Literature.   A program that focuses on two or more literary traditions in the original languages or in translation. Includes instruction in comparative linguistics; applicable foreign languages; English/French language and literature; literary criticism; and applications to genre, period, national, and textual studies as well as literary forms such as poetry, prose, and drama. (Moved from 23.0301)

16.1200 Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, General.   A general program that focuses on the literary culture of the ancient Graeco-Roman world and the Greek and Latin languages and literatures and their development prior to the fall of the Roman Empire. (Moved from 16.1201)

16.1201 Classics and Classical Languages and Literatures.   (Moved, Report under 16.1200)

16.1603 Sign Language Interpretation and Translation.   A program that prepares individuals to function as simultaneous interpreters of American Sign Language (ASL) and other sign language systems employed to assist the hearing impaired, both one-way and two-way. Includes instruction in American Sign Language (ASL), alternative sign languages, finger spelling, vocabulary and expressive nuances, oral and physical translation skills, cross-cultural communications, slang and colloquialisms, and technical interpretation. (Moved from 51.0205)

19.0301 Family and Community Studies.   (Moved, Report under 19.0707)

19.0605 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers.   A program that prepares individuals to assist in home furnishings and decorations. Includes instruction in selecting, purchasing designing, and decorating; Home furnishings and equipment; floral design; accessory construction;textiles; and upholstery. (Moved from 20.0501)

19.0703 Family and Marriage Counseling.   (Moved, Report under 51.1505)

19.0707 Family and Community Services.   A program that focuses on the development and implementation of public, private, and voluntary support services for individuals, families, and localities and that prepares individuals to function in a variety of occupations promoting family life, and family/community development. Includes instruction in family systems, human development, social services, community social and economic development, social policy, voluntary sector activities, and outreach and community education. (Moved from 19.0301)

19.0709 Child Care Provider/Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to be primary providers of home, family, residential, or institutional-based child care services. Includes instruction in child growth and development; nutrition; recreation; planning and supervision of play and learning activities; child abuse and neglect prevention; parent-child relationships; and applicable legal and administrative requirements. (Moved from 20.0202)

19.0906 Fashion and Fabric Consultant.   A program that prepares individuals to assist in apparel and fashion selection, style coordination, customer sales and consulting, fabric selection, clothing specifications, and contractbuying activities. Includes instruction in supplying regular clothing needs or acting as a consultant for special events such as weddings. (Moved from 20.0306)

22.0001 Pre-Law Studies.   A program that prepares individuals for the professional study of law at the post-baccalaureate level. (Moved from 22.0102)

22.0102 Pre-Law Studies.   (Moved, Report under 22.0001)

22.0103 Paralegal/Legal Assistant.   (Moved, Report under 22.0302)

22.0199 Law and Legal Studies, Other.   (Moved, Report under 22.9999)

22.0301 Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary.   A program that prepares individuals to serve as legal office managers, special assistants, and legal secretaries. Includes instruction in office management, secretarial science, principles of U. S. or Canadian law, legal terminology and documentation, legal research, legal software applications, law office procedures, record-keeping, billing, applicable policies and regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 52.0403)

22.0302 Legal Assistant/Paralegal.   A program that prepares individuals to perform research, drafting, investigatory, record-keeping and related administrative functions under the supervision of an attorney or court. Includes instruction in legal research, drafting legal documents, appraising, pleading, courthouse procedures, and legal specializations. (Moved from 22.0103)

22.0303 Court Reporting/Court Reporter.   A program that prepares individuals to record and transcribe examinations, testimony, judicial orders and instructions, legal opinions, and other formal proceedings via print or electronic methods. Includes instruction in legal terminology, legal transcription, shorthand, verbatim recording, equipment operation and procedures, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 52.0405)

23.0301 Comparative Literature.   (Moved, Report under 16.0104)

26.0204 Molecular Biology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the structure and function of biological macromolecules and the role of molecular constituents and mechanisms in supramolecular assemblies and cells. Includes instruction in such topics as molecular signalling and transduction, regulation of cell growth, enzyme substrates and mechanisms of enzyme action, DNA-protein interaction, and applications to fields such as biotechnology, genetics, cell biology, and physiology.(Moved from 26.0402)

26.0209 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology.   A program that focuses on the effects of radiation on organisms and biological systems. Includes instruction in particle physics, ionization, and biophysics of radiation perturbations, cellular and organismic repair systems, genetic and pathological effects of radiation, and the measurement of radiation dosages. (Moved from 26.0611)

26.0402 Molecular Biology.   (Moved, Report under 26.0204)

26.0403 Anatomy.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of organ systems, tissue structures, and whole bodies together with their cellular and structural components and dynamics. Includes instruction in cell biology and histology, structural biology, molecular mechanics, regional and gross anatomy, embryology, neuroanatomy, endocrinology and secretory dynamics, and applications to such topics as aging and disease conditions. (Moved from 26.0601)

26.0504 Virology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of subcellular pieces of genetic material, called viruses, that inhabit living cells in parasitical relationships and their role in disease. Includes instruction in virus taxonomy and systematics, viral structures, viral genetics, prions, virus/host cell interaction, viral pathogenesis, and applications to specific topics such as cancer biology. (Moved from 26.0619)

26.0505 Parasitology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of biological organisms living in ecologically exploitative and competitive relationships with host organisms, and the role of parasites in causing injury, disease, and environmental damage. Includes instruction in vector biology, immunoparasitology, medical parasitology, molecular biology of parasitical associations, veterinary and comparative parasitology, chemotherapeutics, and ecological and systematic parasitology.(Moved from 26.0610)

26.0507 Immunology.   A program that focuses on scientific study of the biological mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of disease, host-pathogen interactions, and host response to disease. Includes instruction in antigen and antibody structure and function, effector mechanisms, receptors, histocompatibility, host-pathogen recognition, disease modeling, autoimmune systems, antibody formation, cytotoxic responses, regulation of immune response, virulence determinants, intercellular signalling, immunosuppression, immunotherapy, immunogenetics, disease markers, transplantation, antibody humanization, and microbial pathogenesis. (Moved from 26.0618)

26.0601 Anatomy.   (Moved, Report under 26.0403)

26.0603 Ecology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1301)

26.0607 Marine/Aquatic Biology (Moved, Report under 26.   1302).

26.0608 Neuroscience.   (Moved, Report under 30.2401)

26.0609 Nutrition Sciences.   (Moved, Report under 30.1901)

26.0610 Parasitology.   (Moved, Report under 26.0505)

26.0611 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology.   (Moved, Report under 26.0209)

26.0612 Toxicology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1004)

26.0614 Biometrics.   (Moved, Report under 26.1101)

26.0615 Biostatistics.   (Moved, Report under 26.1102)

26.0616 Biotechnology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1201)

26.0617 Evolutionary Biology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1303)

26.0618 Biological Immunology.   (Moved, Report under 26.0507)

26.0619 Virology.   (Moved, Report under 26.0504)

26.0705 Pharmacology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1001)

26.0806 Human/Medical Genetics.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of human genetics from the standpoint of medical applications such as clinical diagnosis, genetic engineering and therapy, transplantation, and the study of genetic diseases and disabilities and their defense. Includes instruction in human molecular genetics; genetic factors causing disease; changes in gene expression during development, differentiation, and pathogenesis; recombinant DNA; gene therapy; clinical genetics; genetic epidemiology; immunogenetics; cytogenetics; and genetics of specific disorders and diseases.(Moved from 51.1306)

26.1001 Pharmacology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of drug interactions on biological systems and organisms and the sources, chemical properties, biological effects, and therapeutic uses of drugs. Includes instruction in pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, drug therapeutics, drug action, bodily responses to drug events, biochemical proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis, cell biology, medicinal chemistry, and studies of specific drugs and drug interactions. (Moved from 26.0705)

26.1004 Toxicology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of poisons and other biohazards; their interactions with organisms and their food and respiratory systems; and their prevention, management, and counteraction. Includes instruction in toxicological biochemistry, toxic agents and transporters, toxin fate, toxicokinetics and metabolism, toxin classification, molecular toxic mechanisms, extracellular matrices and cell function, bacterial pathogenesis and mutagenesis, pathophysiology and apoptosis, cell stress and injury, studies of specific toxins, and studies of specific organ systems and physiological functions in relation to toxicological problems. (Moved from 26.0612)

26.1101 Biometry/Biometrics.   A program that focuses on the application of statistics and other computational methods to the study of problems in the biological sciences and related fields in agriculture and natural resources. Includes instruction in computational biology, mathematical statistics, matrix algebra, applied calculus, experimental design, linear modeling, sampling theory, stochastic processes, spatial and temporal analysis, longitudinal analysis, sparse/unbalanced data and complex error, and applications to such topics as population genetics, animal breeding, forest genetics, population dynamics, wildlife biometry, ecology, and agricultural and natural resource management.(Moved from 26.0614)

26.1102 Biostatistics.   A program that focuses on the application of descriptive and inferential statistics to biomedical research and clinical, public health, and industrial issues related to human populations. Includes instruction in mathematical statistics, modeling, clinical trials methodology, disease and survival analysis, longitudinal analysis, missing data analysis, spatial analysis, computer tomography, biostatistics consulting, and applications to such topics as genetics, oncology, pharmacokinetics, physiology, neurobiology, and biophysics. (Moved from 26.0615)

26.1201 Biotechnology.   A program that focuses on the application of the biological sciences, biochemistry, and genetics to the preparation of new and enhanced agricultural, environmental, clinical, and industrial products, including the commercial exploitation of microbes, plants, and animals. Includes instruction in bioinformatics, gene identification, phylogenetics and comparative genomics, bioinorganic chemistry, immunoassaying, DNA sequencing, xenotransplantation, genetic engineering, industrial microbiology, drug and biologic development, enzyme-based production processes, patent law, biotechnology management and marketing, applicable regulations, and biotechnology ethics. (Moved from 26.0616)

26.1301 Ecology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the relationships and interactions of small-scale biological systems, such as organisms, to each other, to complex and whole systems, and to the physical and other non-biological aspects of their environments. Includes instruction in biogeochemistry; landscape and/or marine/aquatic dynamics; decomposition; global and regional elemental budgets; biotic and abiotic regulation of nutrient cycles; ecophysiology; ecosystem resilience, disturbance, and succession; community and habitat dynamics; organismal interactions (co-evolution, competition, predation); paleoecology, and evolutionary ecology. (Moved from 26.0603)

26.1302 Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the ecology and behavior of microbes, plants, and animals inhabiting oceans, coastal waters, and saltwater wetlands and their interactions with the physical environment. Includes instruction in chemical, physical, and geological oceanography; molecular, cellular, and biochemical studies; marine microbiology; marine botany; ichthyology; mammalogy; marine population dynamics and biodiversity; reproductive biology; studies of specific species, phyla, habitats, and ecosystems; marine paleocology and palentology; and applications to fields such as fisheries science and biotechnology. (Moved from 26.0607)

26.1303 Evolutionary Biology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the genetic, developmental, functional, and morphological patterns and processes, and theoretical principles; and the emergence and mutation of organisms over time. Includes instruction in molecular and morphological systematics; genetics and development; evolutionary transformation; paleobiology and paleontology; morphogenesis; mutation; locomotor, biomechanical and craniodental form and function; evolutionary theory; and systematic biology. (Moved from 26.0617)

26.1309 Epidemiology.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of disease, disability, and trauma patterns within and across populations and the development of health management mechanisms to prevent and control disease outbreaks and injurious behaviors. Includes instruction in biostatistics, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, disease and injury determinants, genetic disease and disability factors, behavioral studies, health services research, environmental disease and injury factors, and population studies. (Moved from 51.2203)

27.0302 Operations Research.   (Moved, Report under 14.3701)

30.1901 Nutrition Sciences.   A scientific program that focuses on the utilization of food for human growth and metabolism, in both normal and dysfunctional states, from the interdisciplinary perspective of the agricultural, human, biological, and biomedical sciences. Includes instruction in food science, biochemistry, physiology, dietetics, food and nutrition studies, biotechnology, biophysics, and the clinical sciences. (Moved from 26.0609)

30.2401 Neuroscience.   A program that focuses on the interdisciplinary scientific study of the molecular, structural, physiologic, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of the brain and nervous system. Includes instruction in molecular and cellular neuroscience, brain science, anatomy and physiology of the central nervous system, molecular and biochemical bases of information processing, behavioral neuroscience, biology of neuropsychiatric disorders, and applications to the clinical sciences and biomedical engineering. (Moved from 26.0608)

31.0502 Adapted Physical Education/Therapeutic Recreation.   (Moved, Report under 51.2309)

31.0503 Athletic Training and Sports Medicine.   (Moved, Report under 51.0913)

38.0205 Islamic Studies.   A program that focuses on Islam as preached by the Prophet Muhammad in 6th century Arabia and subsequently interpreted and elaborated by Islamic scholars and others; together with the cultural and social milieu related to the faith in various periods, localities, and branches. Includes instruction in Islamic scripture and related written authorities and commentaries (Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah, Tafsir, Sirah); Islamic law and jurisprudence; Sufism; the various branches including Sunni, Shi'ia, Ahmaddiyyah, and others; and the development of Islamic religion and society from the beginnings to the present. (Moved from 05.0204)

38.0206 Jewish/Judaic Studies.   A program that focuses on the history, culture, and religion of the Jewish people. Includes instruction in Jewish religious heritage, sacred texts, and law; Jewish philosophy and intellectual history; Jewish life and culture, both in Israel and the Jewish Diaspora; historical Jewish minority cultures such as the Yiddish, Sephardic, and other; anti-Semitism, gentile relations and Shoa; Zionism; and modern developments within Judaism. (Moved from 05.0205).

40.0202 Astrophysics.   A program that focuses on the theoretical and observational study of the structure, properties, and behavior of stars, star systems and clusters, stellar life cycles, and related phenomena. Includes instruction in cosmology, plasma kinetics, stellar physics, convolution and non-equilibrium radiation transfer theory, non-Euclidean geometries, mathematical modeling, galactic structure theory, and relativistic astronomy. (Moved from 40.0301)

40.0301 Astrophysics.   (Moved, Report under 40.0202)

40.0505 Medicinal/Pharmaceutical Chemistry.   (Moved, Report under 51.2004)

40.0607 Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the chemical components, mechanisms, structure, and movement of ocean waters and their interaction with terrestrial and atmospheric phenomena. Includes instruction in material inputs and outputs, chemical and biochemical transformations in marine systems, equilibria studies, inorganic and organic ocean chemistry, oceanographic processes, sediment transport, zone processes, circulation, mixing, tidal movements, wave properties, and seawater properties. (Moved from 40.0702)

40.0702 Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.   (Moved, Report under 40.0607)

42.18 Educational Psychology.   Instructional content is defined in code 42.1801. (Moved from 13.08 Series).

42.1801 Educational Psychology.   A program that focuses on the application of psychology to the study of the behavior of individuals in the roles of teacher and learner, the nature and effects of learning environments, and the psychological effects of methods, resources, organization and non-school experience on the educational process. Includes instruction in learning theory, human growth and development, research methods, and psychological evaluation. (Moved from 13.0802)

45. SOCIAL SCIENCES.   Instructional programs that focus on the systematic study of social systems, social institutions, and social behavior. Note ( History programs have been moved from this Series and placed in a newly-established Series (Series 54.).

45.0801 History, General.   (Moved, Report under 54.0101)

45.0802 American (United States) History.   (Moved, Report under 54.0102)

45.0803 European History.   (Moved, Report under 54.0103)

45.0804 History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.   (Moved, Report under 54.0104)

45.0805 Public/Applied History and Archival Administration.   (Moved, Report under 54.0105)

45.0899 History, Other.   (Moved, Report under 54.0199)

47.0616 Marine Maintenance/Fitter and Ship Repair Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to repair outboard and inboard engines; test, maintain, and repair steering devices and electrical systems; repair metal, wood, and fiberglass hulls and vessel components; fabricate and maintain sails; and repair and balance propellers and drive shafts. (Moved from 49.0306)

48.0101 Drafting, General.   (Moved, Report under 15.1301)

48.0102 Architectural Drafting.   (Moved, Report under 15.1303)

48.0103 Civil/Structural Drafting.   (Moved, Report under 15.1304)

48.0104 Electrical/Electronics Drafting.   (Moved, Report under 15.1305)

48.0105 Mechanical Drafting.   (Moved, Report under 15.1306)

48.0199 Drafting, Other.   (Moved, Report under 15.1399)

48.0201 Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator, General.   (Moved, Report under 10.0305)

48.0206 Lithographer and Platemaker.   (Moved, Report under 10.0306)

48.0208 Printing Press Operator.   (Moved, Report under 10.0307)

48.0211 Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator.   (Moved, Report under 10.0308)

48.0212 Desktop Publishing Equipment Operator.   (Moved, Report under 10.0303)

49.0107 Aircraft Pilot (Private).   (Moved, Report under code 36.0119 in chapter V.)

49.0306 Marine Maintenance and Ship Repairer.   (Moved, Report under 47.0616)

51.0205 Sign Language Interpretation/Interpreter.   (Moved, Report under 16.1603)

51.0301 Community Health Liaison.   (Moved, Report under 51.1504)

51.0716 Medical Administrative/Executive Assistant and Medical Secretary.   A program that prepares individuals to perform the duties of special assistants and personal secretaries for practicing physicians and nurses, health care facilities and services administrators, and other health care professionals. Includes instruction in business and medical communications, medical terminology, principles of health care operations, public relations and interpersonal communications, software applications, record-keeping and filing systems, scheduling and meeting planning, applicable policy and regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 52.0404)

51.0807 Physician Assistant.   (Moved, Report under 51.0912)

51.0912 Physician Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to practice medicine, including diagnoses and treatment therapies, under the supervision of a physician. Includes instruction in the basic medical and clinical sciences and specialized preparation in fields such as family medicine; pediatrics; obstetrics; gynecology; general surgery; psychiatry; behavioral medicine; the delivery of health care services to homebound patients, rural populations, underserved populations; and community health services. (Moved from 51.0807)

51.0913 Athletic Training/Trainer.   A program that prepares individuals to work in consultation with, and under the supervision of physicians to prevent and treat sports injuries and associated conditions. Includes instruction in the identification, evaluation, and treatment of athletic injuries and illnesses; first aid and emergency care; therapeutic exercise; anatomy and physiology; exercise physiology; kinesiology and biomechanics; nutrition; sports psychology; personal and community health; knowledge of various sports and their biomechanical and physiological demands; and applicable professional standards and regulations. (Moved from 31.0503)

51.1504 Community Health Services/Liaison/Counseling.   A program that prepares individuals to serve as facilitators, advocates, and referral professionals linking health care and related social services with affected recipient communities. Includes instruction in public and community health, human and social services, health services administration, group counseling, health education, group advocacy, cross-cultural and multilingual communication, and applicable laws and policies. (Moved from 51.0301)

51.1505 Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling.   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of marriage and family therapy, involving the diagnosis of cognitive, affective, and behavioral domain disorders, both mental and emotional, within the context of marriage and family systems and the application of short- and long-term therapeutic strategies in family group contexts. Includes instruction in psychotherapy, family systems and studies, small group intervention and therapy, marital problems, depression, identification of psychopathologies and behavioral disorders, holistic health care, practice management, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 19.0703)

51.1507 Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy.   A program that prepares individuals to practice the provision of psychoanalytic counseling to individuals and groups based on the psychodynamic principles evolved from authorities such as Freud, Adler, and Jung. Includes instruction in self-analysis, personality theory, dream analysis, free association and transference theory and techniques, psychodynamic theory, developmental processes, applications to specific clinical conditions, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2705)

51.1615 Home Health Aide.   (Moved, Report under 51.2602)

51.2004 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry (MS, PhD).   A program that focuses on the application of chemistry to the study of biologically and clinically active substances, biological and pharmacological interactions, and the development of associated research methods, techniques, and clinical trial procedures. Includes instruction in organic chemistry, biochemistry, molecular graphics, rational drug design, toxicology, molecular biology, pharmacology, enzyme mechanisms, receptor theory, neurochemistry, drug metabolism, drug synthesis, biological mechanisms of drug action, research tools and techniques, and laboratory safety. (Moved from 40.0505)

51.2203 Epidemiology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1309)

51.2303 Hypnotherapy.   (Moved, Report under 51.3603)

51.2304 Movement Therapy.   (Moved, Report under 51.3601)

51.2602 Home Health Aide/Home Attendant.   A program that prepares individuals to provide routine care and support services for homebound disabled, recovering, or elderly people. Includes instruction in basic nutrition, home sanitation, infection control, first aid, taking vital signs, personal hygiene, interpersonal communication skills, supervised home management, emergency recognition and referral, geriatric care, and legal and ethical responsibilities. (Moved from 51.1615)

51.2702 Medical Dietitian.   (Moved, Report under 51.3101)

51.2704 Naturopathic Medicine.   (Moved, Report under 51.3303)

51.2705 Psychoanalysis.   (Moved, Report under 51.1507)

51.3101 Dietetics/Dietitian (RD).   A program that prepares individuals to integrate and apply the principles of the food and nutrition sciences, human behavior, and the biomedical sciences to design and manage effective nutrition programs in a variety of settings. Includes instruction in human nutrition; nutrient metabolism; the role of foods and nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention; planning and directing food service activities; diet and nutrition analysis and planning; supervision of food storage and preparation; client education; and professional standards and regulations. (Moved from 51.2702)

51.3104 Dietitian Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to assist registered dietitians in planning, preparing and serving meals to individuals with specific dietary needs. Includes instruction in equipment use, food preparation, diet regulations, food handling, safety and sanitary standards and administrative techniques and procedures. (Moved from 20.0404)

51.3303 Naturopathic Medicine/Naturopathy (ND).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of naturopathic medicine, an holistic therapeutic approach combining medical knowledge with noninvasive natural, homeopathic, and non-Western therapies and emphasizing disease prevention, wellness, and self-healing. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, epidemiology, neuroscience, biostatistics, public and community health, laboratory and clinical diagnosis, pharmacognosy, botanical medicine, homeopathy, principles of Oriental medicine and Ayurveda, manipulative therapy, naturopathic therapeutics, therapeutic nutrition, case analysis and management, philosophy of naturopathy, patient counseling, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2704)

51.3501 Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage.   A program that prepares individuals to provide relief and improved health and well-being to clients through the application of manual techniques for manipulating skin, muscles, and connective tissues. Includes instruction in Western (Swedish) massage; sports massage; myotherapy/trigger point massage; myofascial release; deep tissue massage; cranio-sacral therapy; reflexology; massage safety and emergency management; client counseling; practice management; applicable regulations; and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 12.0405)

51.3601 Movement Therapy and Movement Education.   A program that prepares individuals to use functional and expressive integration strategies to help promote somatic awareness and optimal psychophysical functioning. Includes instruction in skilled touch techniques, kinesthetic awareness processes, movement observation, patterning, client assessment and guidance, verbal and nonverbal communication, practice management, professional standards and ethics, and specific therapeutic and educational modalities (Alexander Technique, Aston Patterning, Body-Mind Centering, Feldenkrais Method(r), Laban Movement Analysis, Trager Approach, and others). (Moved from 51.2304)

51.3603 Hypnotherapy/Hypnotherapist.   A program that prepares individuals to employ the controlled inducement of altered states of consciousness, or trance, to reduce pain, resolve emotional conflicts, and enhance communications as part of diagnostic and treatment programs. Includes instruction in the principles of hypnosis and suggestion, induction and deepening, post-hypnotic suggestion, awakening techniques, regression, pacing and leading, resistance transformation, client testing and management, practice management and regulation, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2303)

52.0403 Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary.   (Moved, Report under 22.0301)

52.0404 Medical Secretary.   (Moved, Report under 51.0716)

52.0405 Court Reporting/Court Reporter.   (Moved, Report under 22.0303)

52.0802 Actuarial Science.   (Moved, Report under 52.1304)

52.0805 Insurance and Risk Management.   (Moved, Report under 52.1701).

52.1204 Business Systems Networking.   (Moved, Report under 11.0901)

52.1205 Business Computer Facilities Operator.   (Moved, Report under 11.1099)

52.1304 Actuarial Science.   A program that focuses on the mathematical and statistical analysis of risk, and their applications to insurance and other business management problems. Includes instruction in forecasting theory, quantitative and non-quantitative risk measurement methodologies, development of risk tables, secondary data analysis, and computer-assisted research methods. (Moved from 52.0802)

52.1701 Insurance.   A program that prepares individuals to manage risk in organizational settings and provide insurance and risk-aversion services to businesses, individuals, and other organizations. Includes instruction in casualty insurance and general liability, property insurance, employee benefits, social and health insurance, loss adjustment, underwriting, risk theory, and pension planning. (Moved from 52.0805)

52.1801 Sales, Distribution, and Marketing Operations, General.   A program that focuses on the general process and techniques of direct wholesale and retail buying and selling operations and introduces individuals to related careers. Includes instruction in the principles of entrepreneurial economics, basic sales skills, the distribution channels for goods and services, and supervised practical application experiences. (Moved from 08.0708 and 08.0709)

52.1802 Merchandising and Buying Operations.   A program that prepares individuals to function as professional buyers of resale products and product lines for stores, chains, and other retail enterprises. Includes instruction in product evaluation, merchandising, applicable aspects of brand and consumer research, principles of purchasing, and negotiation skills. (Moved from 08.0704)

52.1803 Retailing and Retail Operations.   A program that prepares individuals to perform operations associated with retail sales in a variety of settings. Includes instruction in over-the-counter and other direct sales operations in business settings, basic bookkeeping principles, customer service, team/staff leadership and supervision, floor management, and applicable technical skills. (Moved from 08.0705)

52.1804 Selling Skills and Sales Operations.   A program that prepares individuals to possess the skills associated with direct promotion of products and services to potential customers and to function as independent sales representatives and managers. Includes instruction in consumer psychology, image projection, public speaking and interpersonal communications, sales organization and operations, customer relations, professional standards and ethics, and applicable technical skills. (Moved from 08.0706)

52.1901 Auctioneering.   A program that prepares individuals for professional careers as auctioneers and auction managers, and for meeting applicable state licensing requirements. Includes instruction in bid calling, public speaking, ringworking, auction techniques, salesmanship skills, auction clerking and cashiering, auction advertising, working independently or with auction houses, contracts and agency, applicable sales law, and managing both general auctions and auctions specializing in commodities such as antiques, consignments, farm equipment, industrial equipment, real estate, livestock, and automobiles. (Moved from 08.0701)

52.1902 Fashion Merchandising.   A program that prepares individuals to promote product lines/brands, and organize promotional campaigns, at the wholesale level to attract retailer interest, wholesale purchasing, and supply contracts. Includes instruction in wholesaling, wholesale advertising, selling, and customer relations. (Moved from 08.0102)

52.1903 Fashion Modeling.   A program that prepares individuals to present and display fashion, apparel, and accessories products in wholesale and retail settings, either on the person or via props and natural or artificial settings. Includes instruction in modeling skills, health and cosmetic principles, fashion show management, display design and production, and applicable aspects of advertising and fashion photography. (Moved from 08.0103)

52.1904 Apparel and Accessories Marketing Operations.   A program that prepares individuals to perform operations connected with the distribution and sale of apparel and accessories. Includes instruction in wholesaling and retailing; apparel technologies; distribution; customer sales and service skills; and principles of consumer research and sales forecasting. (Moved from 08.0101)

52.1906 Tourism Promotion Operations.   A program that prepares individuals to perform marketing and sales operations connected with the promotion of tourism in public and private sector settings. Includes instruction in principles of marketing research and advertising, promotional campaign organization, media relations, and applicable technical and administrative skills. (Moved from 08.1104)

54.01 History.   The instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 54.0101- 54.0199. (Moved from 45.08 Series)

54.0101 History, General.   A program that focuses on the general study and interpretation of the past, including the gathering, recording, synthesizing and criticizing of evidence and theories about past events. Includes instruction in historiography; historical research methods; studies of specific periods, issues and cultures; and applications to areas such as historic preservation, public policy, and records administration. (Moved from 45.0801)

54.0102 American History (United States).   A program that focuses on the development of American society, culture, and institutions from the Pre-Columbian period to the present. Includes instruction in American historiography, American history sources and materials, historical research methods, and applications to the study of specific themes, issues, periods, and institutions. (Moved from 45.0802)

54.0103 European History.   A program that focuses on the development of European society, culture, and institutions from the origins to the present. Includes instruction in European historiography, European history sources and materials, historical research methods, and applications to the study of specific themes, issues, periods, and institutions. (Moved from 45.0803)

54.0104 History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.   A program that focuses on the historical evolution of scientific theories and science applications and technologies, as well as the philosophy of science and its historical socio-economic context. Includes instruction in the concepts And methods of philosophical inquiry, historiography of science, and research methods in the history of the scientific and engineering disciplines, including mathematics. (Moved from 45.0804)

54.0105 Public/Applied History and Archival Administration.   A program that focuses on the application of history and administrative skills to the recording of public events and the management of related historical resources. Includes instruction in historical research methods, archives and records management, the planning and administration of public records services and history projects, and applications to specific problems in public organizations, government agencies, foundations, and records facilities. (Moved from 45.0805)

54.0199 History, Other.   Any instructional program in history not listed above. (Moved from 45.0899)

60. Residency Programs.   This is a new series established for the reporting of residency training programs. The reporting codes for these programs have undergone substantial renumbering (summarized below). (Refer to the Crosswalk in table 3 for a specification of the renumbering system that was implemented). * Dental residency programs (located in Series 51.28 in the CIP-1990) have been moved to (and should be reported under) Series 60.01; * Medical residency programs (previously located in Series 51.29) have been moved to (and should be reported under) Series 60.02; * Veterinary residency programs (previously in Series 51.30) have been moved to (and should be reported under) Series 60.03. Residency programs are designed to prepare medical doctors (M.D.), or osteopaths (DO), dentists (DDS, D.M.D.), and veterinarians (D.V.M.) for certification as practitioners of recognized specialties in their respective professions. These programs are approved and accredited by designated professional associations and require from one to five years to complete, depending on the program. Medical residencies usually require completion of an internship after the M.D. degree for program entry, while requirements vary for dentistry and veterinary programs. These programs are offered by professional schools, independent teaching hospitals and clinics, and other approved facilities. Data on residency program enrollments and completions are only partially collected and analyzed by the U.S. Department of Education. Residency programs that also result in an academic degree completion, such as an MS or Ph.D., should be reported under one of the Clinical Sciences codes (51.0501, 51.2501 or Series 26.) in chapter I, rather than in a residency code located in this chapter.

60.01 Dental Residency Programs.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 60.0101 - 60.0199. (Moved from 51.28 Series)

60.0101 Dental/Oral Surgery Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists and medical surgeons in advanced clinical training and practice in the surgery of the oral cavity and jaws, including the removal of cancerous and other diseased tissue, removal of teeth, and reconstruction of the jaw and related facial structure. (Moved from 51.2801)

60.0102 Dental Public Health Specialty.   A residency-training program that prepares dentists in the formulation and delivery of public preventive and curative dental health services. (Moved from 51.2802)

60.0103 Endodontics Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of conditions that affect the dental and other periodontal tissues, including pulp canal therapy and root canal therapy. (Moved from 51.2803)

60.0104 Oral Pathology Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the functional and structural changes that affect the oral cavity, including diagnosis of diseases, abnormalities and tumors.(Moved from 51.2804)

60.0105 Orthodontics Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the principles and techniques involved in the prevention and correction of dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies.(Moved from 51.2805)

60.0106 Pedodontics Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the principles and techniques of diagnosing and treating the dental and other oral cavity conditions of children. (Moved from 51.2806)

60.0107 Periodontics Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the nature and treatment of diseases which affect the mucous membranes, gums and other soft tissues within the oral cavity. (Moved from 51.2807)

60.0108 Prosthodontics Specialty.   A residency training program that prepares dentists in the principles and techniques of constructing oral prostheses, and the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing teeth and other oral structures with such artificial devices.(Moved from 51.2808)

60.0199 Dental Residency Program, Other.   Any dental residency specialty program not listed above. (Moved from 51.2899)

60.02 Medical Residency Programs.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 60.0201- 60.0299. (Moved from 51.29 Series)

60.0201 Aerospace Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the health care of operating crews and passengers of air and space vehicles, plus support personnel. Includes instruction in special conditions of physical and psychological stress, emergency medical procedures, adaptive systems and artificial environments.(Moved from 51.2901)

60.0202 Allergies and Immunology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the delivery of skilled medical care to patients suffering from allergic, asthmatic and immunologic diseases. Requires completion of a prior program in internal medicine or pediatrics. (Moved from 51.2902)

60.0203 Anesthesiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the application of anesthesia for general and specialized surgery and obstetrics, critical patient care and the care of pain problems. Includes instruction in surgical procedures, current monitoring procedures, fluid therapy, pain management, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures outside the operating room and operating room safety. (See also 60.0210) (Moved from 51.2903)

60.0204 Blood Banking.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the medical, technical, research and administrative aspects of operating blood banks. Includes instruction in transfusion and transplantation procedures, logistics and the training and supervision of blood bank technicians. (Moved from 51.2904)

60.0205 Cardiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the natural history of cardiovascular disorders in adults and the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Includes instruction in coronary care, diagnostic testing and evaluation, invasive and non-invasive therapies and pacemaker follow-up. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (See also 60.0245) (Moved from 51.2905)

60.0206 Chemical Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the use and interpretation of chemical analyses, chemical diagnoses and management, and the supervision of chemical pathology laboratories. Includes instruction in basic and applied analytical chemical pathology; instrumentation data processing and chemical laboratory management. Requires prior completion of a program in medical pathology. (Moved from 51.2906)

60.0207 Child/Pediatric Neurology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and management of neurological disorders of the newborn infant, early childhood and adolescence. Requires training in adult neurology and prior partial completion of a program in pediatrics.(Moved from 51.2907)

60.0208 Child Psychiatry.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders of infancy, early childhood and adolescence. Requires completion of the initial segment of a program in psychiatry.(Moved from 51.2908)

60.0209 Colon and Rectal Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the surgical care of patients with anorectal and colonic diseases. Also includes instruction in diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopy. Requires prior completion of a program in general surgery.(Moved from 51.2909)

60.0210 Critical Care Anesthesiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the administration of anesthesia to patients with acute, chronic or long-term illness and who have multiple organ system derangements. Includes instruction in high-risk and trauma procedures, respiratory therapy and biomedical engineering. Requires prior completion of a program in anesthesiology. (Moved from 51.2910)

60.0211 Critical Care Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the management of care for patients with acutely life-threatening conditions which may include multiple organ failure. Includes instruction in the management of critical care units, emergency procedures and post-discharge care of former critical care patients. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine.(Moved from 51.2911)

60.0212 Critical Care Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in surgical procedures for patients with multiple trauma, critical illness, patients on life support and elderly or very young patients with disease complications. Requires full or partial prior completion of a program in general surgery or another surgical specialty.(Moved from 51.2912)

60.0213 Dermatology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the delivery of specialized care to patients with diseases of the skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes. Includes instruction in dermatologic surgical procedures, cutaneous allergies, sexually transmitted diseases, and diagnostic and therapeutic techniques.(Moved from 51.2913)

60.0214 Dermatopathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the clinical and microscopic diagnosis and analysis of skin diseases and disorders. Includes instruction in laboratory administration and the supervision and training of support personnel. Requires prior completion of a program in dermatology or pathology.(Moved from 51.2914)

60.0215 Diagnostic Radiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnostic use of roentgen, isotopic, ultrasound and other radiant energy imaging techniques. Includes instruction in intervention procedures, safety and imaging science and technology. (See also 60.0236, 60.0258, and 60.0259) (Moved from 51.2915)

60.0216 Emergency Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the methods, procedures, and techniques of providing and managing immediate health care services. Includes instruction in the initial recognition, stabilization, evaluation and care of the acutely ill or injured patient; patient follow-up and referral; management of prehospital care; training and supervision of emergency medical personnel; emergency department management; medicolegal and ethical issues; and disaster planning. (Moved from 51.2916)

60.0217 Endocrinology and Metabolism.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the endocrine glands and metabolic system. Includes instruction in the diagnosis and care of diabetes, hypoglycemia, hormone disorders and sexual dysfunction. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (See also 60.0246)(Moved from 51.2917)

60.0218 Family Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the provisions of regular and long-term care to individuals and family members. Includes instruction in comprehensive care and specialist referral, basic surgery, emergency medical procedures, and diagnostic imaging and practice management.(Moved from 51.2918)

60.0219 Forensic Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the performance of medical autopsies, the analysis of human remains and crime scenes, and the legal follow-up and responsibilities of public pathologists. Requires prior completion of a program in pathology. (Moved from 51.2919)

60.0220 Gastroenterology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with digestive and other gastrointestinal disorders. Includes instruction in surgical procedures, cancer of the digestive system, nutrition and malnutrition and counseling the behavioral adjustment of patients with chronic problems. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (Moved from 51.2920)

60.0221 General Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the care and treatment of diseases and disorders via invasive procedures and the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of physical disorders. Includes instruction in clinical and operative skills, pre-operative and post-operative care, trauma management and endoscopic techniques. (See also 60.0212, 60.0223, 60.0233, 60.0242, 60.0250, 60.0253, 60.0262, and 60.0264)(Moved from 51.2921)

60.0222 Geriatric Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the care and management of elderly patients in acute, ambulatory, community and long-term care settings, and the treatment of diseases and conditions associated with the aging process. Includes instruction in ethical and legal issues, behavioral aspects of illness, socioeconomic factors in care and rehabilitation therapies. Requires prior completion of a program in family medicine or internal medicine. (See also 60.0269) (Moved from 51.2922)

60.0223 Hand Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the investigation, preservation and restoration by medical, surgical or physical methods of all structures of the upper extremity which directly affect the form and function of the limb, wrist and hand. Requires prior completion of a program in orthopedic surgery, plastic surgery or general surgery. (Moved from 51.2923)

60.0224 Hematology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the mechanisms and therapy of diseases of the blood, including patient management, diagnostic tests, biopsies and other procedures. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (Moved from 51.2924)

60.0225 Hematological Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the laboratory and analytical procedures for studying all facets of hematologic and coagulation disorders. Includes instruction in the management of hematology laboratories. Requires prior completion of a program in pathology. (Moved from 51.2925)

60.0226 Immunopathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, treatment and laboratory management of immunologic diseases. Includes instruction in diagnostic surgical pathology, management of organ transplantation and immunotherapy. Requires prior completion of a program in pathology.(Moved from 51.2926)

60.0227 Infectious Disease.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the natural history, prevention and treatment of major infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases, and the long-term management of patients. Includes instruction in epidemiology, identification and specimen collection techniques, and quality assurance and cost containment. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (Moved from 51.2927)

60.0228 Internal Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the provision of general medical services to adult patients with a wide range of non-surgical clinical problems. Includes instruction in behavioral aspects of diseases, patient and family counseling and practice management. (Moved from 51.2928)

60.0229 Laboratory Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the principles and practices of applied medical research and related techniques, equipment, data systems and research design. Includes instruction in the management of medical laboratories in research and health care facilities. (Moved from 51.2929)

60.0230 Musculoskeletal Oncology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal neoplasm, and the application of cancer therapy regimes. (Moved from 51.2930)

60.0231 Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the physiology of the normal neonate, the patho-physiology of the sick infant and the diagnosis and management of problems of the newborn infant. Requires prior completion of a program in pediatrics and obstetrics. (Moved from 51.2931)

60.0232 Nephrology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the pathogenesis, natural history and management of congenital and acquired diseases of the kidney and urinary tract and renal diseases associated with systemic disorders. Includes instruction in organ transplantation and dialysis therapy. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (See also 60.0248)(Moved from 51.2932)

60.0233 Neurological Surgery/Neurosurgery.   A residency training program that prepare physicians in the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of disorders of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting systems and vascular supply; and the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes which modify function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis. Includes instruction in critical care management and rehabilitation. Requires prior partial completion of a program in general surgery and another surgical specialty. (Moved from 51.2933)

60.0234 Neurology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of diseases and abnormalities affecting the nervous system and nerve tissue in adults. Requires prior partial completion of a program in internal medicine. (See also 60.0207) (Moved from 51.2934)

60.0235 Neuropathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the laboratory analysis of nerve tissues and the clinical diagnosis of neurological and neuromuscular diseases. Includes instruction in nerve biopsies and necropsies. Requires prior completion of a program in pathology. (Moved from 51.2935)

60.0236 Nuclear Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnostic, therapeutic and investigational use of radionuclides. Includes instruction in imaging and non-imaging technologies and the design and development instrumentation, procedures and pharmaceutical. Requires prior partial completion of a program in radiology, pathology or internal medicine.(Moved from 51.2936)

60.0237 Nuclear Radiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the imaging by external detection of radionuclides and/or biodistribution by external detection of radionuclides for diagnosis of disease. Requires prior partial completion of a program in diagnostic radiology. (Moved from 51.2937)

60.0238 Obstetrics and Gynecology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of women, especially those affecting the reproductive system, and the comprehensive care and treatment of women before, during and after childbirth. (Moved from 51.2938)

60.0239 Occupational Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the maintenance of the health of workers, the ability to perform work, the arrangements of work, and the physical and chemical environments of the workplace. Includes instruction in data collection and management and the administration and regulation of occupational medical services. (Moved from 51.2939)

60.0240 Oncology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and therapeutic management of cancers and related clinical neoplastic diseases. Includes instruction in rehabilitation, supportive care and the administration of tumor boards. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (See also 60.0230, 60.0247 and 60.0258)(Moved from 51.2940)

60.0241 Ophthalmology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, prevention treatment of ophthalmic diseases and disorders, and ocular pathology procedures. Includes instruction in eye surgery. (Moved from 51.2941)

60.0242 Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the investigation, preservation, and restoration of the form and function of the extremities, spine and associated structures by medical, surgical and physical methods. Requires prior partial completion of a program in general surgery, internal medicine or pediatrics. (See also 60.0249) (Moved from 51.2942)

60.0243 Otolaryngology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the recognition and medical management of diseases, congenital anomalies, disorders and traumas of the head and neck, the air and food passages, and the organs of hearing and speech. Includes instruction in regional surgery. Requires prior partial completion of a program in general surgery. (Moved from 51.2943)

60.0244 Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the clinical laboratory analysis and diagnosis of disease and anatomic abnormalities. Includes instruction in performing general autopsies, forensic medicine, laboratory management and quality control. (See also 60.0204, 60.0214, 60.0219, 60.0225, 60.0235 and 60.0259) (Moved from 51.2944)

60.0245 Pediatric Cardiology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and management of diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary systems of infants, children and adolescents. Includes instruction in related public health and community medicine issues. Requires prior completion of a program in pediatrics. (Moved from 51.2945)

60.0246 Pediatric Endocrinology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and management of endocrine diseases and the regulation of hormone balance in childhood and adolescence. Requires prior completion of a program in pediatrics. (Moved from 51.2946)

60.0247 Pediatric Hemato-Oncology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and management of hematologic disorders and malignant diseases, including blood and bone marrow function, in infancy, childhood and adolescence. Requires prior completion of a program in pediatrics.(Moved from 51.2947)

60.0248 Pediatric Nephrology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and management of infants, children and adolescents with renal and genito-urinary problems, hypertension and disorders of body fluid physiology. Requires prior completion of a program in pediatrics. (Moved from 51.2948)

60.0249 Pediatric Orthopedics.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, surgical and non-surgical treatment, and management of musculoskeletal diseases, abnormalities and trauma in infants, children and adolescents. Requires prior completion of a program in orthopedic surgery. (Moved from 51.2949)

60.0250 Pediatric Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, evaluation and surgical treatment of diseases, disorders and trauma in infants and children. Requires prior completion of a program in general surgery.(Moved from 51.2950)

60.0251 Pediatrics.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the comprehensive care and treatment of all aspects of human growth and development from conception through fetal life, infancy, childhood and adolescence, including preventive and therapeutic regimes. Includes instruction in behavioral aspects of illness, related family and community medicine issues, and emergency and critical care procedures. (See also 60.0245, 60.0246, 60.0247, 60.0248, 60.0249 and 60.0250) (Moved from 51.2951)

60.0252 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, etiology, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of neuromusculo-skeletal, cardiovascular, pulmonary and other system disorders common to patients of both sexes and all ages. Includes instruction in physical examinations, design and prescription of rehabilitation strategies and the supervision of rehabilitation teams. (Moved from 51.2952)

60.0253 Plastic Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the repair, replacement and reconstruction of defects of form and function of the integument and its underlying musculoskeletal system, with emphasis on the craniofacial structures, the oropharynx, the hand, the breast and the external genitalia. Includes instruction in aesthetic as well as reconstructive surgery. Requires prior completion of a program in general surgery. (Moved from 51.2953)

60.0254 Preventive Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares individuals to manage the study and prevention of disease processes occurring in communities and defined population groups and the promotion of health-enhancing environments and behaviors. Includes instruction in biostatistics; epidemiology; health program planning; evaluation of behavioral outcomes and medical care; recognition, assessment, and control of environmental hazards, occupational health and safety; socio-cultural behavioral factors in medicine; prevention application, and assessment of population and individual health needs. (Moved from 51.2954)

60.0255 Psychiatry.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, behavioral and neurological disorders. Includes instruction in psychotherapy, family counseling, referral, clinical diagnosis, and practice management. Requires prior partial completion of a program in neurology and internal medicine, family medicine or pediatrics. (Moved from 51.2955)

60.0256 Public Health Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the prevention, control and treatment of communicable and chronic diseases in communities and defined population groups, with emphasis on the administrative management of health care, sanitation and applied research services. (Moved from 51.2956)

60.0257 Pulmonary Disease.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in pulmonary physiology and the treatment of lung diseases, pulmonary malignancies, related vascular diseases, respiratory disorders, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and pulmonary pathology. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (Moved from 51.2957)

60.0258 Radiation Oncology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the use of ionizing radiation to treat patients with cancer and other diseases. Includes instruction in treatment planning, instrument design and operation, radiation physics and radiobiology. (Moved from 51.2958)

60.0259 Radioisotopic Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the use of radionuclides in the study of body fluids, excreta, or tissues quantified outside the body. Includes instruction in laboratory management and safety, quality control, instrumentation, isotope storage and in vitro analyses. Require prior completion of a program in pathology. (Moved from 51.2959)

60.0260 Rheumatology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with acute and chronic rheumatic diseases, diffuse connective tissue diseases, systemic and metabolic diseases and infections and complications following surgery. Requires prior completion of a program in internal medicine. (Moved from 51.2960)

60.0261 Sports Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the pathology and biomechanics of athletic injuries and the effects of injury on the athlete, including both physical and psychological manifestations. Includes instruction in acute and chronic patient supervision, therapy and rehabilitation, and diagnostic procedures. Requires prior completion of a program in orthopedic surgery. (Moved from 51.2961)

60.0262 Thoracic Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the evaluation and surgical treatment of pulmonary, esophageal, mediastinal, chest wall, diaphragmatic and cardiovascular disorders. Includes instruction in bronchoscopy and esophagoscope. Requires prior completion of a program in general surgery. (Moved from 51.2962)

60.0263 Urology.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary tract in men and women, including renal transplantation, renal-vascular disease, oncology, infertility and endocrinology, stone disease and aerodynamics. Requires prior partial completion of a program in general surgery. (Moved from 51.2963)

60.0264 Vascular Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares physicians in the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the arterial, venous and lymphatic circulatory systems and of the heart and thoracic aorta. Requires prior completion of all or a portion of a program in general surgery. (Moved from 51.2964)

60.0299 Medical Residency Programs, Other.   Any medical residency program that listed above. (Moved from 51.2999)

60.03 Veterinary Residency Programs.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 60.0301 - 60.0399. (Moved from 51.30 Series)

60.0301 Veterinary Anesthesiology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the application of anesthesia for general and specialized surgery and obstetrics, critical animal care and the care of pain problems. Includes instruction in surgical procedures, current monitoring procedures, fluid therapy, pain management, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures outside the operating room, and operating room safety. (Moved from 51.3001)

60.0302 Veterinary Dentistry.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the application of dental care procedures to the teeth, eating surfaces, and oral cavities of animals. Includes instruction in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of animal teeth and gums and related parts of the oral cavity; and related anatomical and physiological principles.(Moved from 51.3002)

60.0303 Veterinary Dermatology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the delivery of specialized care to animals with diseases of the skin, scales, feathers, hair, nails and mucous membranes. Includes instruction in dermatologic surgical procedures, cutaneous allergies, and diagnostic and therapeutic techniques.(Moved from 51.3003)

60.0304 Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the emergency treatment and management of care for animals with acutely life-threatening conditions which may include multiple organ failure. Includes instruction in the management of critical care units, emergency procedures, and long-term care of critically diseased animals.(Moved from 51.3004)

60.0305 Veterinary Internal Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the provision of general medical services to animals with a wide range of non-surgical clinical problems. Includes instruction in behavioral aspects of diseases, animal diagnosis, animal aging, and referral procedures. (Moved from 51.3005)

60.0306 Laboratory Animal Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the principles and practices of applied veterinary research and related techniques, equipment, data systems and research design. Includes instruction in the management of veterinary and other animal research laboratories and health care facilities. (Moved from 51.3006)

60.0307 Veterinary Microbiology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in clinical applications of research on harmful microorganisms, including viruses, and of the disease processes they induce in animals. (Moved from 51.3007)

60.0308 Veterinary Nutrition.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians to apply research on the chemical nature of food substances; the processes by which animals ingest, digest, absorb, transport, utilize and excrete food and nutrients; and their relation to animal behavior and health. (Moved from 51.3008)

60.0309 Veterinary Ophthalmology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of ophthalmic diseases and disorders in animals, and related ocular pathology procedures. Includes instruction in animal eye surgery.(Moved from 51.3009)

60.0310 Veterinary Pathology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the clinical laboratory analysis and diagnosis of diseased animal tissues and anatomic abnormalities. Includes instruction in performing general autopsies, forensic medicine, laboratory management and quality control. (Moved from 51.3010)

60.0311 Veterinary Practice.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the provision of regular and long-term care to animals, health services to owners, and the management of independent veterinary practices. Includes instruction in comprehensive care and specialist referral, basic surgery, emergency medical procedures, and diagnostic imaging. (Moved from 51.3011)

60.0312 Veterinary Preventive Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the investigation of and intervention in health and disease problems of animal and related human communities; comparative medicine; and animal public health. Includes instruction in biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental control, toxicology and the planning and administration of animal health programs and services.(Moved from 51.3012)

60.0313 Veterinary Radiology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the use of radiologic imaging and therapies to diagnose and treat animal diseases and health problems. Includes instruction in the use and handling of equipment for radionuclides detection and application. (Moved from 51.3013)

60.0314 Veterinary Surgery.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the care and treatment of animal diseases and disorders via invasive procedures and the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of physical disorders. Includes instruction in clinical and operative skills, pre-operative and post-operative care, trauma management, endoscopic techniques, and applications to large and small animal medicine. (Moved from 51.3014)

60.0315 Theriogenology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and health problems affecting the reproductive systems of animals, and the comprehensive care and treatment of parent animals, animal fetuses and newborn or newly hatched animals throughout the gestation period.(Moved from 51.3015)

60.0316 Veterinary Toxicology.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the clinical application of research on the nature and extent of adverse effects of synthetic and naturally occurring chemical substances on animals. Includes instruction in chemical mechanisms and the specialties of reproductive, developmental, genetic, forensic, inhalation and neurobehavioral toxicology. (Moved from 51.3016)

60.0317 Zoological Medicine.   A residency training program that prepares veterinarians in the specialized treatment and care of zoo animals, performing animals, and animals living in the wild. Includes instruction in the principles and procedures used in the observation, diagnosis, care and treatment of illness, disease, injury, deformity, or other anomalies in non-domesticated animals. (Moved from 51.3017)

60.0399 Veterinary Residency Programs, Other.   Any residency training program in veterinary medicine not listed above. (Moved from 51.3099)

36.0119 Aircraft Pilot (Private).   A program that prepares individuals to fly aircraft for personal use, and qualifies individuals to sit for the FAA pilot's license examination. Includes instruction in principles of aircraft design and performance; aircraft flight systems and controls; flight crew operations and procedures; radio communications and navigation procedures and systems; airways safety and traffic regulations; and governmental rules and regulations pertaining to piloting aircraft. (Moved from 49.0107)

 
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education