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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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U.S. Profile
  
  
United States
United States
U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, S.W.,
Washington, DC 20202
Download, view and print United States' report as a pdf file
Download, view and print United States' report as a pdf file.
334KB
Secretary of Education
Richard W. Riley, Secretary
(202) 401-3000
National Center for Education Statistics
Gary W. Phillips, Acting Commissioner

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
40,008,213 45,611,046 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
83,248 88,223 Public schools
2,279,241 2,667,419 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
3,615,136 3,615,136 Land area in square miles
11.1 12.6 Public school students per square mile
2.3 2.4 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
242,289 265,179 Population (in thousands)
$2,214 $3,884 State revenue per capita
$1,982 $3,338 State expenditure per capita
$374 $599 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$111,815 $153,546 Gross domestic product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 17,063 100% 16,359 Total public education agencies
91.3% 15,577 90.7% 14,841 Regular school districts
6.7% 1,144 7.1% 1,165 Regional service agencies
1.1% 183 1.2% 194 State-operated agencies
0.9% 159 1.0% 159 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.3% 47 0.3% 51 100 or more schools
1.9% 329 2.5% 405 25 to 99 schools
7.5% 1,277 8.1% 1,327 10 to 24 schools
17.6% 3,004 19.3% 3,157 5 to 9 schools
65.5% 11,177 63.9% 10,456 1 to 4 schools
7.2% 1,229 5.9% 963 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 83,248 100% 88,223 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
95.2% 79,292 92.7% 81,803 Regular schools
2.1% 1,775 2.3% 2,058 Special education schools
1.4% 1,196 1.1% 934 Vocational schools
1.2% 985 3.9% 3,428 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
47.6% 39,598 46.5% 41,058 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
6.7% 5,552 5.1% 4,543 PK, K, 1 to 8
9.2% 7,641 11.9% 10,499 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
5.9% 4,900 4.2% 3,707 7 to 8, 9
4.9% 4,048 4.1% 3,614 7, 8 to 12
13.6% 11,349 14.2% 12,518 9, 10, 11 to 12
8.9% 7,424 10.7% 9,479 Other grades
1.2% 1,000 0.7% 640 Ungraded
2.1% 1,736 2.5% 2,165 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
191,669 670,373 Prekindergarten
3,195,533 3,532,263 Kindergarten
3,407,072 3,770,420 First
3,172,777 3,600,076 Second
3,046,374 3,523,762 Third
2,937,636 3,453,769 Fourth
2,900,558 3,452,853 Fifth
2,811,047 3,493,631 Sixth
2,910,432 3,463,954 Seventh
2,838,513 3,402,615 Eighth
3,143,179 3,801,220 Ninth
3,020,018 3,323,171 Tenth
2,935,626 2,930,297 Eleventh
2,680,843 2,586,448 Twelfth
816,669 606,194 Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
Students in special education with IEPs
School membership eligible for free lunch
18.8% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
93.3% 2,428,803 91.4% 2,273,109 Regular diploma
0.8% 19,898 2.4% 58,771 Other diploma
5.5% 143,467 5.3% 132,463 High school equivalency
0.4% 10,928 0.9% 23,191 Other completers
    Dropouts
        Dropouts who were male
        Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state (symbol) and nation (symbol) and the 25th (symbol) and 75th (symbol) percentiles


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
222.3 270.5 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
37.8% 39.1% Students below basic level
62.2% 60.9% Students at or above basic level
19.9% 22.6% Students at or above proficient level
0.2% 3.6% Students at advanced level
148.5 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  40.4% Students below basic level
  59.6% Students at or above basic level
  27.3% Students at or above proficient level
  2.8% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 4,267,740 100% 5,091,205 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
53.4% 2,279,241 52.4% 2,667,419 Teachers
7.9% 335,991 10.1% 516,356 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.6% 70,282 1.7% 88,607 Guidance counselors/directors
1.7% 71,636 1.8% 93,326 Librarians/library support
6.9% 293,529 6.9% 353,964 Administrative support
23.8% 1,016,943 22.9% 1,165,824 Other support services
        Administrators
3.0% 125,927 2.4% 123,734 School-based
1.7% 74,191 1.6% 81,975 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.1 1.1 Teacher to all other staff ratio
11.4 13.0 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$18,517 $25,012 Average beginning teacher salary
$28,071 $38,436 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.2% 0.6% Public school teachers with no degree
52.5% 52.1% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
40.1% 42.0% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
7.2% 5.3% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$2,678,404 $5,397,613 National school lunch
$446,566 $1,188,979 National school breakfast
$4,143,433 $6,871,278 Title I
$1,247,462 $3,321,191 Education for the handicapped
$954,751 $1,326,853 Vocational and adult education
$763,922 $1,607,608 School improvement
$632,429 $639,608 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$130,007 $183,480 Bilingual education
$60,081 $1,567 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$165,621,610 $305,051,963 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$4,140 $6,691 Revenue per pupil in membership
$157,097,951 $270,151,583 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$3,927 $5,925 Current expenditure per pupil in membership
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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