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Public School Student, Staff, and Graduate Counts by State, School Year 1994-95


NCES 96-300 Ordering Information

May 1996


The State Nonfiscal Survey complete data set is available for downloading.
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How many students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in 1994-95? How many staff members were paid to teach, supervise, and provide support services for education? How many students graduated from high school? The information to answer these and other questions is reported in the National Center for Education Statistics' State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, School Year 1994–95.

How many students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools?

In school year 1994-95, there were 44.1 million students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in the 50 states and the District of Columbia (table 1). Of these students, 24.7 million were in prekindergarten through grade 6, an additional 18.7 million were in grades 7 through 12, and the remaining 0.7 million were ungraded students. (The five outlying areas are not included in national totals.)

California had the most public elementary and secondary school students (5,407,000), followed by Texas (3,677,000) and New York (2,766,000). The three lowest student counts were in the District of Columbia (80,000), Wyoming (100,000), and Vermont (105,000).

How many teachers were there?

About 2.6 million teachers provided instruction in public elementary and secondary schools in the 1994-95 school year (table 2). Among this group, 1,419,000 were elementary school teachers (including prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers) and 912,000 were secondary school teachers. The remaining 220,000 teachers taught ungraded students or were not assigned a specific grade.

The ratio of total students to total teachers for the nation was 17.3 students per teacher. These ratios ranged from lows of 13.2 students per teacher in the District of Columbia to a high of 24.3 in Utah. The median student per teacher ratio was 16.6:1, that is, half the states had a higher student/teacher ratio than 16.6:1, and half the states had a lower ratio. Student/teacher ratios should not be interpreted as average class size since not all teachers are assigned to a class (for example, music and reading teachers in elementary schools).

How many staff supervised or provided support services for public education?

In addition to the teachers described previously, about 473,000 teacher's aides directly assisted teachers in providing instruction (table 3). An additional 33,000 instructional coordinators and supervisors helped teachers through curriculum development and in-service training. Support staff for students included 85,000 guidance counselors and 51,000 librarians. This translates to about 520 students for every guidance counselor reported, and 870 students for each librarian. An additional 1,198,000 staff members provided support services for schools and students. This support included food, health, library, maintenance, transportation, security and other services in the nation's public schools. There were 124,000 school administrators (mostly principals and assistant principals), 49,000 school district administrators, and about 343,000 administrative support staff.

The relative distribution of all staff is illustrated in figure 1. Instructional staff made up 62 percent of all staff. Another 27 percent of all staff provided support services to schools and students. Administrative staff made up 11 percent of all education staff. On the average, there were 15 teachers and 9 support staff for each administrator. All of these distributions and ratios vary greatly from state to state.

How many students graduated from high school during the 1993–94 school year?

Some 2,217,000 students received regular high school diplomas in the 50 states and the District of Columbia during the 1993-94 school year and subsequent summer (table 4). An additional 206,000 students received alternative diplomas or high school equivalency certificates (the latter group includes only young adults ages 19 or younger except in Minnesota where they are 20 or younger). National totals for alternative and high school equivalency certificate recipients and other completers represent an undercount due to missing data in some states. Finally, some 22,000 students received some high school completion certificate other than a diploma. Note that some states grant only regular diplomas and the high school equivalency certificates.

Technical Notes

The State Nonfiscal Survey is an annual state-level collection of student, staff, and graduate counts for grades prekindergarten through 12. The data are collected from state education agencies (SEAs), processed and edited by NCES, and then verified by each SEA. The State Nonfiscal Survey Data is part of the Common Core of Data collection.

All staff counts (including teachers) are in full-time equivalency units. This is the amount of time required to perform an assignment stated as a proportion of a full-time position, and computed by dividing the amount of time employed by the time normally required for a full-time position.

State agencies vary in their data collection and reporting systems, with resulting inconsistencies across states. Several states collapse two or more categories of staff into one. In these cases, NCES disaggregatesthis number by distributing the reported amount to the several categories based on the average ratios from other states. Other states omit counts of certain staff. In these cases, NCES imputes a number based on the average ratio of staff to students in the other responding states. NCES made no adjustments or imputations to high school equivalency or other high school completion data.

Definitions

Administrative Support Staff-This category contains Local Education Agency administrative support staff and school administrative support staff

Diploma, High SchoolFormal document certifying the successful completion of a secondary school program prescribed by the state agency or other appropriate body

Graduate, High SchoolIndividual who has received formal recognition from school authorities, by the granting of a diploma, for completing a prescribed course of studies at the secondary level school

High School Equivalency CertificateA formal document certifying that an individual met the state requirements for high school graduation equivalency by obtaining satisfactory scores on an approved examination, and meeting other performance requirements (if any) set by a state education agency or other appropriate body

High School Equivalency RecipientsIndividuals age 19 or younger who received a high school equivalency certificate during the previous school year or subsequent summer

Membership CountTotal student enrollment on October 1 (or the closest school day to October 1) for all grade levels and ungraded pupils. Includes students both present and absent on the measurement day

Other Diploma RecipientsIndividuals who received a diploma from other than the regular school program during the previous school year and subsequent summer school

Other High School CompletersIndividuals who received a certificate of attendance, or other certificate of completion, in lieu of a diploma during the previous school year and subsequent summer school

Other Student Support StaffThis category contains library support staff, student support services staff, and all other support staff.

Other Support StaffAll education agency support services staff not reported in other categories, (e.g., data processing, health, building and equipment maintenance, bus drivers, security, and food service workers)

Regular Diploma RecipientsGraduates who received a regular diploma during the previous school year and subsequent summer school

Student Support Services StaffProfessional and supervisory staff providing non-instructional services to students

Teachers of Ungraded ClassesTeachers of classes or programs to which students are assigned without standard grade designation

UngradedClasses or programs to which students are assigned without standard grade designation


Table 1.-- Public school membership, by grade and state: Fall 1994

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		                          Pre-
		                         kinder-	Kinder-
  State	                    Total        garten         garten 	    Grade 1	 Grade 2      Grade 3	  Grade 4        Grade 5
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States a/       44,108,775      	598,861      3,444,168    3,593,323    3,439,802    3,438,988 	3,425,869      3,371,777
Alabama a/	          736,472 	  8,992 	57,723 	     60,366       56,502       57,259 	   56,773 	  57,923
Alaska	                  127,057         2,593 	10,309 	     10,679 	  10,194       10,420      10,318 	  10,086
Arizona	                  737,424 	  3,540 	59,545 	     63,198 	  60,274       60,591 	   60,032 	  58,579
Arkansas	          447,565 	  1,652 	35,620 	     35,359 	  33,615       33,626 	   34,488 	  34,620
California a/	        5,407,043 	 66,018        448,237 	    457,886 	 438,672      431,169 	  426,919 	 416,333
Colorado	          640,521 	  9,853 	48,673 	     51,634 	  51,229       52,191 	   51,877 	  51,311
Connecticut	          506,824 	  7,601 	43,511       44,869 	  42,023       41,225 	   40,737 	  39,693
Delaware	          106,813 	    618 	 7,523 	      9,097 	   8,450 	8,595 	    8,367 	   8,402
District of Columbia	   80,450 	  5,508 	 7,628 	      7,184 	   6,515 	6,365 	    5,783 	   5,457
Florida	                2,108,968 	 46,389        172,001 	    175,017 	 169,558      170,564 	  173,191 	 170,288
Georgia	                1,270,948 	 12,859        108,398 	    105,961 	 102,495      101,656 	  101,054 	 100,813
Hawaii	                  183,795 	    631 	15,678 	     15,696 	  15,208       15,052 	   14,572 	  14,828
Idaho	                  240,448 	  1,501 	17,260 	     18,324 	  17,665       17,326 	   18,361 	  19,116
Illinois	        1,916,172 	 42,938        146,314 	    152,229 	 143,486      143,029 	  143,030 	 138,902
Indiana	                  968,933 	  4,651 	71,588 	     78,451 	  71,305       71,884 	   72,400 	  73,132
Iowa	                  499,550 	  4,453 	37,434 	     35,338 	  34,813       36,351 	   36,992 	  36,586
Kansas	                  460,838 	  2,640 	33,445 	     36,070 	  35,191       35,915 	   36,488 	  36,115
Kentucky	          657,642 	 17,934 	44,191 	     45,866 	  46,173       55,697 	   48,233 	  48,778
Louisiana	          797,933 	 19,292 	60,705 	     63,448 	  60,476       61,849 	   62,461 	  60,139
Maine	                  212,601 	  1,006 	16,569 	     17,524 	  16,583       17,351 	   17,397 	  17,154
Maryland	          790,938 	 18,834 	62,341 	     65,377 	  64,160       62,270 	   61,982 	  61,010
Massachusetts	          893,727 	 13,982 	77,777 	     77,583 	  73,836       71,606 	   71,131 	  68,837
Michigan	        1,614,784 	  4,409        136,353 	    129,951 	 125,664      123,321 	  123,829 	 119,821
Minnesota	          821,693 	  8,060 	62,908 	     62,446 	  61,956       63,873 	   64,605 	  63,660
Mississippi	          505,962 	  1,146 	38,528 	     41,762 	  37,940       38,135 	   38,606 	  39,004
Missouri	          878,541 	 16,002 	66,607 	     67,874 	  66,607       67,802 	   68,457 	  67,020
Montana b/	          164,341 	    483 	11,820 	     12,852 	  12,391       12,845 	   13,009 	  13,113
Nebraska	          287,100 	  3,985 	21,752 	     21,275 	  21,223       21,705 	   22,144 	  22,496
Nevada	                  250,747 	  1,424 	20,462 	     21,827 	  21,062       20,941 	   20,573 	  20,048
New Hampshire	          189,319 	  1,210 	 8,325 	     18,014 	  16,411       16,185 	   16,352 	  15,678
New Jersey	        1,174,206 	 10,283 	92,316 	     99,907 	  92,142       89,159 	   87,374 	  85,007
New Mexico	          327,248 	  4,174 	24,055 	     25,770 	  24,912       24,554 	   24,294 	  24,033
New York	        2,766,208 	 32,227        212,239 	    225,269 	 212,486      205,740 	  202,024 	 196,405
North Carolina	        1,156,767 	  8,949 	97,508 	     97,339 	  91,560       90,471 	   89,492 	  87,139
North Dakota	          119,288 	    639 	 8,677 	      8,893 	   8,634 	8,966 	    9,236 	   9,292
Ohio	                1,814,290 	 17,505        141,284 	    144,280 	 141,064      141,329 	  136,834 	 138,552
Oklahoma	          609,718 	  5,367 	46,355 	     53,654 	  46,476       47,234 	   47,929 	  48,221
Oregon	                  521,945 	  1,069 	38,930 	     40,710 	  40,348       41,248 	   41,739 	  41,623
Pennsylvania	        1,765,891 	  3,583        132,132 	    146,636 	 137,635      137,533 	  135,061 	 131,944
Rhode Island	          147,487 	    469 	10,701 	     13,721 	  12,154       11,707 	   11,549 	  11,504
South Carolina a/	  648,673 	  7,920 	46,859 	     54,602 	  50,731       51,139 	   51,268 	  50,585
South Dakota	          143,482 	  1,244 	10,618 	     10,615 	  10,649       10,917 	   11,116 	  11,138
Tennessee a/	          881,355 	 10,761 	71,413 	     73,170 	  66,964       67,349 	   67,339 	  65,872
Texas	                3,677,171 	128,736        272,065 	    300,731 	 290,911      289,548 	  291,604 	 286,219
Utah	                  474,675 	  3,273 	33,750 	     34,790 	  33,734       34,515 	   34,837 	  35,668
Vermont	      		  104,533 	  1,903 	 8,040 	      8,176 	   8,183 	8,224 	    8,396 	   8,430
Virginia	        1,060,809 	  3,115 	85,160 	     84,678 	  82,663       82,990 	   84,103 	  81,212
Washington	          938,314 	  6,155 	71,637 	     73,594 	  73,187       74,642 	   75,299 	  74,861
West Virginia	          310,511 	  2,754         22,377 	     22,186 	  22,123       22,210 	   22,236 	  22,651
Wisconsin	          860,686 	 18,531 	61,898 	     64,040 	  64,247       65,127 	   65,996 	  64,380
Wyoming c/	          100,369 	      0 	 6,929 	      7,405 	   7,322 	7,588 	    7,982 	   8,099
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa             14,445 	  1,570 	 1,126 	      1,173 	   1,184 	1,094 	    1,071 	   1,045
Guam                       32,185 	    465 	 2,931 	      2,981 	   2,835 	2,753 	    2,587 	   2,531
Northern Marianas           8,429 	    510 	   556 	        793 	     805 	  695 	      681 	     630
Puerto Rico               621,121 	    143 	39,962 	     53,773 	  49,955       48,958 	   50,311 	  49,778
Virgin Islands c/	   23,126 	      0 	 1,487 	      1,816 	   1,837 	1,732 	    1,745 	   1,702
(Table 1.-- Public school membership, by grade and state:  Fall 1994--continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  State	                  Grade 6	Grade 7	       Grade 8	    Grade 9	Grade 10     Grade 11	 Grade 12	Ungraded
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States a/	3,381,438     3,403,533      3,302,290 	  3,604,068 	3,131,438   2,748,677 	2,487,928 	 736,615
Alabama a/	           58,719 	 61,765         59,165 	     63,656 	   50,929      44,970 	   41,730 	       0
Alaska	                    9,674 	  9,943 	 9,503 	      9,947 	    8,692 	7,642 	    7,057 	       0
Arizona			   58,791 	 58,676 	55,334 	     59,150 	   51,564      43,363 	   40,119 	   4,668
Arkansas	           35,024 	 36,795 	36,437 	     36,689 	   34,158      29,429 	   27,161 	   2,892
California a/	          409,387 	403,367        388,561 	    420,643 	  381,364     334,408 	  285,132 	  98,947
											0
Colorado	           51,775 	 51,103 	49,332 	     50,078 	   44,702      39,956 	   35,464 	   1,343
Connecticut	           38,110 	 37,577 	35,665 	     38,001 	   33,780      30,760 	   28,640 	   4,632
Delaware	            8,416 	  8,788 	 8,563 	      9,469 	    7,979 	6,681 	    5,865 	       0
District of Columbia	    4,978 	  5,244 	 5,031 	      4,923 	    4,904 	3,920 	    3,203 	   3,807
Florida	    		  169,018 	165,489        155,813 	    172,850 	  147,925     120,030 	  100,835 	       0
											0
Georgia			  101,974 	100,458 	98,982 	    114,176 	   85,636      71,880 	   64,606 	       0
Hawaii	 		   14,540 	 13,832 	13,592 	     15,597 	   11,979      12,034 	   10,473 	      83
Idaho	   		   19,478 	 20,176 	19,680 	     19,777 	   19,098      16,906 	   15,780 	       0
Illinois	          133,142 	134,518        135,134 	    148,944 	  135,955     119,266 	  109,360 	  89,925
Indiana	 		   75,449 	 78,369 	77,779 	     83,123 	   73,535      67,167 	   62,699 	   7,401
											0
Iowa			   38,082 	 38,504 	39,091 	     40,647 	   37,925      35,453 	   34,125 	  13,756
Kansas			   36,981 	 37,116 	36,757 	     38,007 	   33,574      30,338 	   28,811 	   3,390
Kentucky		   49,973 	 51,190 	50,562 	     55,758 	   48,521      43,371 	   39,482 	  11,913
Louisiana	           62,011 	 63,214 	57,747 	     68,599 	   54,796      45,167 	   40,666 	  17,363
Maine	                   17,112 	 16,867 	16,571 	     15,503 	   14,674      13,434 	   12,534 	   2,322
											0
Maryland	 	   60,953 	 60,049 	57,222 	     63,067 	   51,978      45,585 	   43,223 	  12,887
Massachusetts		   66,869 	 66,447 	64,097 	     66,707 	   60,669      56,226 	   51,618 	   6,342
Michigan		  118,795 	120,642        117,380 	    128,383 	  109,751      98,671 	   88,136 	  69,678
Minnesota		   63,918 	 65,393 	64,607 	     65,149 	   61,728      57,408 	   55,982 	       0
Mississippi		   39,174 	 42,294 	39,970 	     43,434 	   33,918      28,584 	   26,436 	  17,031
											0
Missouri		   68,357 	 66,705 	66,025 	     72,584 	   65,084      57,447 	   52,654 	   9,316
Montana b/		   13,194 	 13,329 	13,229 	     13,309 	   12,148      11,286 	   10,681 	     652
Nebraska		   22,511 	 22,927 	23,037 	     23,281 	   21,958      19,662 	   19,144 	       0
Nevada			   19,920 	 19,524 	18,881 	     18,685 	   17,463      15,586 	   13,659 	     692
New Hampshire		   15,732 	 15,473 	14,926 	     14,564 	   12,969      11,965 	   10,919 	     596
New Jersey		   83,410 	 83,350 	80,901 	     83,256 	   74,858      68,708 	   65,662 	  77,873
New Mexico		   25,831 	 26,102 	25,443 	     28,547 	   23,885      20,114 	   16,925 	   8,609
New York		  197,222 	197,519        191,181 	    227,040 	  202,906     172,751 	  144,139 	 147,060
North Carolina	           87,733 	 88,336 	86,344 	     97,534 	   81,618      67,828 	   62,324 	  22,592
North Dakota	            9,526 	  9,862 	 9,694 	      9,564 	    9,091 	8,796 	    8,418 	       0
											0
Ohio	  		  141,349 	146,443        142,132 	    151,879 	  132,103     122,753 	  112,266 	   4,517
Oklahoma	           49,524 	 49,377 	47,149 	     48,838 	   43,273      38,583 	   35,899 	   1,839
Oregon			   42,276 	 41,973 	40,473 	     41,301 	   39,088      35,667 	   33,356 	   2,144
Pennsylvania		  134,201 	136,184        132,994 	    147,352 	  131,782     119,328 	  109,885 	  29,641
Rhode Island		   11,114 	 11,324 	10,747 	     11,534 	   10,318 	9,124 	    8,440 	   3,081
											0
South Carolina a/	   51,743 	 53,152 	50,799 	     60,058 	   46,796      37,645 	   35,376 	       0
South Dakota	    	   11,226 	 11,800 	11,604 	     12,077 	   10,794 	9,560 	    8,925 	   1,199
Tennessee a/		   66,194 	 68,508 	65,598 	     72,593 	   63,757      55,070 	   49,401 	  17,366
Texas		          288,987 	290,713        281,109 	    323,162 	  243,914     205,735 	  183,737 	       0
Utah			   36,499 	 38,163 	37,519 	     38,356 	   37,318      32,978 	   33,337 	   9,938
											0
Vermont			    8,349 	  8,063 	 7,826 	      7,993 	    7,311 	6,669 	    6,458 	     512
Virginia		   81,313 	 81,795 	79,929 	     84,447 	   73,958      65,077 	   62,899 	  27,470
Washington	           75,442 	 75,308 	72,982 	     75,684 	   69,532      61,841 	   58,150 	       0
West Virginia	  	   23,904 	 25,517 	25,200 	     26,766 	   24,415      23,031 	   22,058 	   3,083
Wisconsin		   65,362 	 65,844 	65,790 	     73,083 	   67,255      61,696 	   57,437 	       0
Wyoming c/		    8,176 	  8,426 	 8,203 	      8,304 	    8,110 	7,128 	    6,642 	      55
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa                945 	    943 	   903 	        885 	      869 	  829 	      746 	      62
Guam                        2,396 	  2,433 	 2,275 	      2,795 	    2,266 	1,666 	    1,262 	       9
Northern Marianas             647 	    692 	   550 	        625 	      429 	  410 	      406 	       0
Puerto Rico                49,129 	 54,180 	49,774 	     45,789 	   44,240      38,239 	   32,935 	  13,955
Virgin Islands c/	    1,715 	  2,197 	 1,585 	      1,935 	    1,553 	1,210 	    1,140 	   1,472
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a/       Values for prekindergarten students were imputed based on current year (Fall 1994) data.
b/       Montana counts some prekindergarten students as kindergarten students.
c/       Wyoming and the Virgin Islands do not have a prekindergarten program.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, "State
         Nonfiscal Survey."

Table 2.--Public school student/teacher ratio, student membership, and teachers, by level of instruction and state: Fall 1994
	-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 	         	       Total student/				               Pre-   							              Teachers
		                  teacher 	   Total  	     Total 	   kindergarten	      Kindergarten	 Elementary	   Secondary	    of ungraded
	  State	                   ratio	 membership	    teachers	     teachers		teachers	  teachers 	    teachers	      classes
	-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	United States a/, b/	    17.3	 44,108,775	   2,552,199	       23,647		 120,516	 1,275,188	     912,386	      220,463
	Alabama a/, b/	            17.2	    736,472	      42,789	          450		   3,288	    20,430	      18,423		  198
	Alaska	                    17.6	    127,057	       7,205	           55		     356	     4,255	       2,539		    0
	Arizona	         	    19.3	    737,424	      38,132	  	  163		   1,450	    25,982	      10,537		    0
	Arkansas		    17.1	    447,565	      26,181	   	   76		   1,971	    11,837	      12,160		  137
	California a/, b/	    24.0	  5,407,043	     225,001	    	3,302		  14,708	   124,785	      58,586	       23,620
	Colorado	            18.4	    640,521	      34,894	          242		   1,210	    16,556	      16,886		    0
	Connecticut		    14.4	    506,824	      35,316	   	  193		   1,490	    19,062	       9,340		5,231
	Delaware		    16.6	    106,813	       6,416	  	   31		     171	     3,013	       3,201		    0
	District of Columbia	    13.2	     80,450	       6,110	  	  273		     330	     2,894	       2,173		  440
	Florida			    19.1	  2,108,968	     110,674	 	  796		   6,227	    41,127	      40,893	       21,631
	Georgia			    16.3	  1,270,948	      77,914		  560		   5,273	    50,378	      21,703		    0
	Hawaii		 	    17.9	    183,795	      10,240		   92		     440	     5,238	       4,425		   45
	Idaho			    19.1	    240,448	      12,582	 	   98		     394	     5,896	       6,018		  176
	Illinois		    17.3	  1,916,172	     110,830	 	1,073		   4,316	    61,073	      28,619	       15,749
	Indiana		  	    17.5	    968,933	      55,496		  259		   2,191	    25,077	      25,251		2,718
	Iowa			    15.7	    499,550	      31,775		  353		   1,735	    16,575	      12,021		1,091
	Kansas			    15.1	    460,838	      30,579		  148		   1,062	    13,613	      12,763		2,993
	Kentucky		    17.0	    657,642	      38,784	 	  763		   1,415	    24,876	      11,730		    0
	Louisiana		    16.8	    797,933	      47,599	 	  312		   2,916	    23,688	      12,176		8,507
	Maine			    13.8	    212,601	      15,404		  167		     803	     9,554	       4,880		    0
	Maryland		    17.0	    790,938	      46,565		  391		   1,626	    23,775	      20,773		    0
	Massachusetts		    14.8	    893,727	      60,489		  305		   1,468	    20,569	      29,922		8,225
	Michigan		    20.1	  1,614,784	      80,522		  561		   3,120	    31,165	      36,701		8,975
	Minnesota		    17.5	    821,693	      46,958	 	   50		   1,557	    22,373	      22,948		   30
	Mississippi		    17.5	    505,962	      28,866		  204		   1,633	    13,234	       8,864		4,931
	Missouri		    15.5	    878,541	      56,606		  711		   2,625	    25,718	      26,782		  770
	Montana			    16.3	    164,341	      10,079	  	  111		     535   	     6,363	       3,070		    0
	Nebraska		    14.5	    287,100	      19,774	 	  180		     868	    10,320	       8,406		    0
	Nevada		  	    18.7	    250,747	      13,414		  181		     418	     6,185	       5,058		1,572
	New Hampshire		    15.6	    189,319	      12,109		   82		     255	     7,821	       3,951		    0
	New Jersey		    13.8	  1,174,206	      85,258	 	  229		   2,900	    44,151	      26,439	       11,539
	New Mexico		    17.2	    327,248	      19,025	          236		     791	    10,238	       4,342		3,418
	New York	            15.2	  2,766,208	     182,273		2,245		   9,930	    79,233	      63,928	       26,937
	North Carolina		    16.2	  1,156,767	      71,592	          702		   4,692	    37,086	      24,700		4,412
	North Dakota	            15.3	    119,288	       7,796	           89		     268	     4,866	       2,573		    0
	Ohio			    16.6	  1,814,290	     109,085		  910		   3,406	    67,689	      36,912		  168
	Oklahoma		    15.5	    609,718	      39,406	          165		   1,510	    17,060	      16,517		4,154
	Oregon			    19.9	    521,945	      26,208	           35		     933	    13,160	       8,484		3,596
	Pennsylvania		    17.1	  1,765,891	     102,988	          745		   3,582	    42,592	      43,798	       12,272
	Rhode Island		    14.7	    147,487	      10,066	            8		     306	     4,283	       4,090		1,379
	South Carolina a/	    16.4	    648,673	      39,437	 	  456		   1,289	    25,075	      12,617		    0
	South Dakota		    14.4	    143,482	       9,985	   	   25		     319	     5,754	       2,738		1,149
	Tennessee a/		    18.6	    881,355	      47,406		  112		   3,180	    29,747	      12,795		1,572
	Texas			    15.7	  3,677,171	     234,213	        3,674		  12,082	   101,243	      85,987	       31,227
	Utah			    24.3	    474,675	      19,524	  	   96		     745	     8,200	       8,056		2,427
	Vermont			    13.8	    104,533	       7,566		   80		     279	     2,772	       2,952		1,483
	Virginia b/		    14.6	  1,060,809	      72,853	          564		   3,346	    39,995	      28,948		    0
	Washington	            20.2	    938,314	      46,439		   63		   2,123	    21,891	      18,247		4,115
	West Virginia		    14.8	    310,511	      21,024		   99		     927	     9,186	       7,244		3,568
	Wisconsin		    15.9	    860,686	      54,054		  932		   1,851	    34,452	      16,819		    0
	Wyoming c/		    15.0	    100,369	       6,698		    0		     206	     3,083	       3,401		    8
	----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	  Outlying Areas
	American Samoa              20.7	     14,445		 698		   99		      32	       353	         196		   18
	Guam                        17.6	     32,185	       1,826		   15		     156	       699	         784		  172
	Northern Marianas           20.8	      8,429		 406		    1		      18	       205	         182		    0
	Puerto Rico		    15.6	    621,121	      39,933		    8		   1,290	    20,703	      14,617		3,315
	Virgin Islands c/	    15.1	     23,126	       1,528		    0		      69	       688	         703		   68
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	a/       Values for prekindergarten students were imputed based on current year (Fall 1994) data.
	b/       Prekindergarten teacher counts were imputed based on current year data (Fall 1994) for Alabama, California and
	         Virginia.
	c/       Wyoming, and Virgin Islands do not have prekindergarten programs.
	NOTE:    Teacher counts are full-time equivalency (FTE) counts.  Elementary and secondary teacher counts are not directly
	         comparable across states due to differences in the grades included in these designations.
	SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, "State Nonfiscal Survey."

Table 3.--Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage of total staff, by category and state: Fall 1994
        -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
							      			       Instructional
							                                coordinators
			                       Teachers	       Instructional aides     and supervisors	     Guidance counselors
	  State		                   ----------------    -------------------    ------------------     -------------------
		           Total staff	   Number   Percent	Number	  Percent     Number	 Percent     Number     Percent
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	United States a/    4,907,996	2,552,199    52.0      473,408	    9.6	      32,938	   0.7	     84,887	  1.7
	Alabama a/	       81,542	   42,789    52.5	 6,678	    8.2	  	 957	   1.2	      1,643	  2.0
	Alaska a/	       15,151	    7,205    47.6	 1,842	   12.2		 113	   0.7	        229	  1.5
	Arizona	               74,540	   38,132    51.2	 9,049	   12.1		 198	   0.3	      1,009	  1.4
	Arkansas	       50,201	   26,181    52.2	 2,572	    5.1		 754	   1.5	      1,212	  2.4
	California a/	      436,125	  225,001    51.6	56,391	   12.9	       4,314	   1.0	      4,999	  1.1
	Colorado	       64,985	   34,894    53.7	 5,440	    8.4		 729	   1.1	      1,066	  1.6
	Connecticut	       64,743	   35,316    54.5	 6,822	   10.5		 451	   0.7	      1,115	  1.7
	Delaware	       11,759	    6,416    54.6	   829	    7.0		  55	   0.5	        214	  1.8
	District of Columbia   10,507	    6,110    58.2	   359	    3.4		 161	   1.5		264	  2.5
	Florida	              226,975	  110,674    48.8	22,243	    9.8		 801	   0.4	      4,585	  2.0
	Georgia a/	      161,390	   77,914    48.3	21,172	   13.1		 649	   0.4	      2,338	  1.4
	Hawaii	               16,567	   10,240    61.8	   790	    4.8		 456	   2.8		532	  3.2
	Idaho	               21,194	   12,582    59.4	 1,805	    8.5		 202	   1.0		478	  2.3
	Illinois	      204,414	  110,830    54.2	19,470	    9.5	       1,624	   0.8	      2,757	  1.3
	Indiana	              115,441	   55,496    48.1	14,372	   12.4	       1,307	   1.1	      1,650	  1.4
	Iowa	               60,526	   31,775    52.5	 5,346	    8.8		 377	   0.6	      1,302	  2.2
	Kansas	               56,790	   30,579    53.8	 4,451	    7.8		 163	   0.3	      1,073	  1.9
	Kentucky	       81,720	   38,784    47.5	 9,784	   12.0	 	 622	   0.8	      1,254	  1.5
	Louisiana	       96,124	   47,599    49.5	10,177	   10.6		  97	   0.1	      1,068	  1.1
	Maine	               29,264	   15,404    52.6	 3,726	   12.7		 117	   0.4		591	  2.0
	Maryland	       84,699	   46,565    55.0	 7,255	    8.6		 677	   0.8	      1,719	  2.0
	Massachusetts	      108,281	   60,489    55.9	11,714	   10.8        1,010	   0.9	      2,004	  1.9
	Michigan	      164,766	   80,522    48.9	13,412	    8.1		 579	   0.4	      2,876	  1.7
	Minnesota	       74,914	   46,958    62.7	 6,088	    8.1  	 487	   0.7		901	  1.2
	Mississippi	       60,708	   28,866    47.5	 8,930	   14.7	         450	   0.7		794	  1.3
	Missouri	      116,974	   56,606    48.4	 6,909	    5.9	       1,288	   1.1	      2,483	  2.1
	Montana a/	       18,446	   10,079    54.6	 1,841	   10.0	         149	   0.8		398	  2.2
	Nebraska	       37,144	   19,774    53.2	 3,370	    9.1	         217	   0.6		728	  2.0
	Nevada	   	       23,098	   13,414    58.1	 1,643	    7.1	         110	   0.5		452	  2.0
	New Hampshire	       22,336	   12,109    54.2	 3,098	   13.9   	 140	   0.6		617	  2.8
	New Jersey	      161,586	   85,258    52.8	13,274	    8.2	       1,336	   0.8	      3,130	  1.9
	New Mexico	       38,642	   19,025    49.2	 4,269	   11.0	 	 543	   1.4		641	  1.7
	New York	      356,386	  182,273    51.1	27,390	    7.7	       1,399	   0.4	      5,770	  1.6
	North Carolina a/     137,792	   71,592    52.0	21,766	   15.8		 725	   0.5	      2,926	  2.1
	North Dakota	       13,919	    7,796    56.0	 1,343	    9.6		  58	   0.4		246	  1.8
	Ohio	              204,043	  109,085    53.5	 9,884	    4.8		 434	   0.2	      3,510	  1.7
	Oklahoma a/	       78,270	   39,406    50.3	 7,205	    9.2	 	 625	   0.8	      1,368	  1.7
	Oregon	               50,377	   26,208    52.0	 5,501	   10.9		 344	   0.7	      1,278	  2.5
	Pennsylvania	      193,696	  102,988    53.2	13,680	    7.1	       1,580	   0.8	      3,626	  1.9
	Rhode Island	       15,438	   10,066    65.2	 1,272	    8.2		  79	   0.5		306	  2.0
	South Carolina a/      74,174	   39,437    53.2	 7,268	    9.8		 502	   0.7	      1,514	  2.0
	South Dakota a/	       17,989	    9,985    55.5	 1,905	   10.6		  23	   0.1		394	  2.2
	Tennessee	       96,282	   47,406    49.2	 9,574	    9.9		 728	   0.8	      1,389	  1.4
	Texas	              450,462	  234,213    52.0	41,317	    9.2        1,168	   0.3	      8,026	  1.8
	Utah	               36,186	   19,524    54.0	 4,665	   12.9		 449	   1.2		529	  1.5
	Vermont	               15,337	    7,566    49.3	 2,776	   18.1		 337	   2.2		353	  2.3
	Virginia a/	      133,192	   72,853    54.7	11,692	    8.8	       1,168	   0.9	      3,130	  2.3
	Washington a/	       90,440	   46,439    51.3	 8,480	    9.4		 836	   0.9	      1,735	  1.9
	West Virginia	       38,481	   21,024    54.6	 2,867	    7.5	 	 327	   0.8		596	  1.5
	Wisconsin	      100,996	   54,054    53.5	 8,442	    8.4		 977	   1.0	      1,914	  1.9
	Wyoming        	       12,984	    6,698    51.6	 1,260	    9.7		  46	   0.4		155	  1.2
	----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Outlying Areas
	American Samoa          1,340	      698    52.1	    13	    1.0		  38	   2.8		 24	  1.8
	Guam                    4,730	    1,826    38.6	   499	   10.5		  26	   0.5		 79	  1.7
	Northern Marianas       1,051	      406    38.6	   231	   22.0		  18	   1.7		 23	  2.2
	Puerto Rico            68,868	   39,933    58.0	   ---	    ---		 629	   0.9		954	  1.4
	Virgin Islands          3,193	    1,528    47.9	   314	    9.8		 ---	   ---		 76	  2.4
        ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	a/       The following staff data were imputed based on current year (Fall 1994) data:  Teachers in Alabama, California and
	         Virginia; instructional aides in South Carolina and Montana; instructional coordinators in Alaska and Washington;
	         and support staff in Georgia, Montana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Washington.
	Footnotes are continued at the bottom of the continuation of this table on the next page.
Table 3(continued)--Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage of total
	          staff, by category and state:  Fall 1994--Continued										
					                Other student	          School	       School district		 Administrative
		                  Librarians	        support staff	       administrators	       administrators		  support staff
	   State              -----------------      ------------------      -----------------       ------------------         -----------------
	                      Number	Percent	       Number  Percent	       Number  Percent	       Number  Percent	       Number  Percent
	----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	United States a/      50,687	1.0	     1,197,689	24.4	      123,918	2.5	       48,900	1.0	      343,370	 7.0
	Alabama a/	       1,215	1.5		22,223	27.3		2,163	2.7		  406	0.5		3,468	 4.3
	Alaska a/	         148	1.0		 3,704	24.4		  428	2.8		  195	1.3		1,287	 8.5
	Arizona     	         771	 1.0		17,312	23.2		1,689	2.3		  420	0.6		5,960	 8.0
	Arkansas	         949	1.9		13,958	27.8		1,435	2.9		  563	1.1		2,577	 5.1
	California a/	         850	0.2		87,297	20.0	       10,352	2.4	        2,048	0.5	       44,873	10.3
	Colorado	         709	1.1		14,024	21.6		1,772	2.7		  812	1.2		5,539	 8.5
	Connecticut	         653	1.0		13,419	20.7		1,531	2.4		1,160	1.8		4,276	 6.6
	Delaware	         120	1.0		 2,800	23.8		  406	3.5		   90	0.8		  829	 7.0
	District of Columbia	 176	1.7		 1,923	18.3		  305	2.9		  438	4.2		  771	 7.3
	Florida	               2,512	1.1		56,171	24.7		5,768	2.5		1,673	0.7	       22,548	 9.9
	Georgia a/	       1,986	1.2		41,431	25.7		3,777	2.3		2,136	1.3		9,987	 6.2
	Hawaii	                 288	1.7		 2,733	16.5		  471	2.8		  152	0.9		  905	 5.5
	Idaho	                 180	0.8		 4,132	19.5		  633	3.0		  121	0.6		1,061	 5.0
	Illinois	       1,910	0.9		46,057	22.5		4,980	2.4		3,274	1.6	       13,512	 6.6
	Indiana	               1,028	0.9		31,131	27.0		2,719	2.4		  874	0.8		6,864	 5.9
	Iowa	                 652	1.1		14,975	24.7		1,737	2.9		  512	0.8		3,850	 6.4
	Kansas	                 968	1.7		13,069	23.0		1,659	2.9		  473	0.8		4,355	 7.7
	Kentucky	       1,136	1.4		22,913	28.0		1,728	2.1		1,197	1.5		4,302	 5.3
	Louisiana	       1,206	1.3		27,267	28.4		2,391	2.5		1,531	1.6		4,788	 5.0
	Maine	                 235	0.8		 6,161	21.1		  844	2.9		  449	1.5		1,737	 5.9
	Maryland	       1,055	1.2		20,212	23.9		2,607	3.1		  789	0.9		3,820	 4.5
	Massachusetts	         579	0.5		21,057	19.4		2,126	2.0		  954	0.9		8,348	 7.7
	Michigan	       1,445	0.9		51,192	31.1		4,995	3.0		1,331	0.8		8,414	 5.1
	Minnesota	         984	1.3		12,302	16.4		1,593	2.1		1,278	1.7		4,323	 5.8
	Mississippi	         704	1.2		15,393	25.4		1,492	2.5		  900	1.5		3,179	 5.2
	Missouri	       1,317	1.1		34,204	29.2		2,516	2.2		  650	0.6	       11,001	 9.4
	Montana a/	         341	1.8		 3,747	20.3		  484	2.6		  161	0.9		1,246	 6.8
	Nebraska	         567	1.5		 9,180	24.7		  938	2.5		  616	1.7		1,754	 4.7
	Nevada	                 241	1.0		 4,705	20.4		  660	2.9		  178	0.8		1,695	 7.3
	New Hampshire	         261	1.2		 4,324	19.4		  476	2.1		  353	1.6		  958	 4.3
	New Jersey	       1,785	1.1		36,071	22.3		4,427	2.7		1,691	1.0	       14,614	 9.0
	New Mexico	         249	0.6		 8,809	22.8		  851	2.2		  496	1.3		3,759	 9.7
	New York	       3,061	0.9		97,309	27.3		6,944	1.9		2,813	0.8	       29,427	 8.3
	North Carolina a/      2,154	1.6		25,609	18.6		3,967	2.9		1,281	0.9		7,772	 5.6
	North Dakota	         179	1.3		 3,005	21.6		  392	2.8		  268	1.9		  632	 4.5
	Ohio	               1,753	0.9		47,234	23.1		4,903	2.4		5,497	2.7	       21,743   10.7
	Oklahoma a/	         899	1.1		20,650	26.4		2,375	3.0		  548	0.7		5,194	 6.6
	Oregon	                 658	1.3		10,210	20.3		1,565	3.1		  710	1.4		3,903	 7.7
	Pennsylvania	       2,190	1.1		49,804	25.7		4,021	2.1		1,335	0.7	       14,472	 7.5
	Rhode Island	          76	0.5		 2,101	13.6		  370	2.4		  157	1.0		1,011	 6.5
	South Carolina a/      1,103	1.5		16,988	22.9		2,182	2.9		  260	0.4		4,920	 6.6
	South Dakota a/	         213	1.2		 3,088	17.2		  654	3.6		  337	1.9		1,390	 7.7
	Tennessee	       1,363	1.4		23,798	24.7		4,560	4.7		  960	1.0		6,504	 6.8
	Texas	               4,201	0.9	       132,771	29.5	       11,010	2.4		2,554	0.6	       15,202	 3.4
	Utah	                 279	0.8		 7,448	20.6		  885	2.4		  107	0.3		2,300	 6.4
	Vermont	                 224	1.5		 2,667	17.4		  428	2.8		  146	1.0		  840	 5.5
	Virginia a/	       1,967	1.5		30,733	23.1		3,453	2.6		1,783	1.3		6,413	 4.8
	Washington a/	       1,259	1.4		21,661	24.0		2,469	2.7		1,053	1.2		6,508	 7.2
	West Virginia	         364	0.9		 9,681	25.2		1,100	2.9		  271	0.7		2,251	 5.8
	Wisconsin	       1,387	1.4		25,484	25.2		2,359	2.3		  782	0.8		5,597	 5.5
	Wyoming     	         137	1.1		 3,552	27.4		  328	2.5		  117	0.9		  691	 5.3
	---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Outlying Areas
	American Samoa             7	0.5		   376	28.1		   59	4.4		   26	1.9		   99	 7.4
	Guam                      34	0.7		 2,035	43.0		   65	1.4		   20	0.4		  146	 3.1
	Northern Marianas          3	0.3		   202	19.2		   28	2.7		    9	0.9		  131	12.5
	Puerto Rico              897	1.3		20,453	29.7		1,339	1.9		  286	0.4		4,377	 6.4
	Virgin Islands            35	1.1		   643	20.1		   78	2.4		  101	3.2		  418	13.1
	---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  ---    Data not available.
	NOTE:    All staff counts are full-time eqivalency counts.
	SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data,
	         "State Nonfiscal Survey."

Table 4.--Number of public school graduates, 12th-grade student membership, and 9th-grade student membership 3 years earlier, by state: School year 1993-94
	----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	                       Regular  	  Other		   12th- 	  9th-         High school           Other
		             high school	 diploma	   grade 	  grade        equivalency	  high school
		              graduates         recipients	 membership     membership      recipients	   completers
	  State	              1993-94 a/	 1993-94          1993-94 	 1990-91	1993-94 b/          1993-94
        ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	  United States c/     2,217,175	  64,572	  2,424,031	3,168,630	141,313		     22,178
	Alabama			  34,447	       0	     39,900	   57,318	  2,421		      3,551
	Alaska			   5,747	       0	      6,975	    8,114	    903			 15
	Arizona			  27,876	       0	     37,614	   46,369	    ---			188
	Arkansas	          24,990	     223	     27,169	   32,696	  3,189		      1,680
	California	         253,083	  49,840	    277,271	  381,573	  4,505			---
	Colorado		  31,867	       0	     34,770	   42,553	  3,269			458
	Connecticut		  26,330	      99	     27,979	   33,381	    509			  0
	Delaware		   5,230	     235	      5,882	    7,869	    359			 57
	District of Columbia	   3,207	       0	      3,303	    4,958	  1,013			105
	Florida			  88,032	   2,002	    100,646	  148,396	 15,202		      1,334
	Georgia			  56,356	   1,174	     62,704	   94,889	    ---			785
	Hawaii			   9,369	      22	     10,201	   12,319	     20			459
	Idaho			  13,281	      97	     15,044	   16,670	    236			 32
	Illinois		 102,126	       0	    106,519	  132,303	    ---			  0
	Indiana			  54,650	     699	     60,971	   76,671	  3,279			329
	Iowa	 		  30,247	     197	     32,588	   34,768	  2,376			136
	Kansas			  25,319	       0	     27,644	   32,051	    ---			  0
	Kentucky		  38,454	       0	     37,629	   50,958	    ---			  0
	Louisiana		  34,822	       0	     39,826	   59,564	  9,805			  0
	Maine			  11,633	     209	     13,446	   15,726	    551			 31
	Maryland		  39,091	       0	     40,661	   52,363	  1,942			578
	Massachusetts		  47,453	       0	     51,309	   60,803	    ---			  0
	Michigan		  83,385	   1,799	     87,447	  119,079	  2,155			509
	Minnesota b/		  47,514	       0	     54,642	   54,058	  3,190			  0
	Mississippi		  23,379	     199	     26,156	   37,440	  3,732		      1,476
	Missouri	  	  46,566	       0	     50,195	   63,605	  7,615			  0
	Montana			   9,601	       0	     10,325	   11,370	    947			  0
	Nebraska		  17,072	     268	     18,578	   20,061	    347			 66
	Nevada			   9,485	     655	     12,749	   14,072         1,598			176
	New Hampshire		   9,933	       0	     10,635	   12,680         1,997			  0
	New Jersey		  66,125	       0	     64,402	   77,549	  9,438			  0
	New Mexico		  14,892	       0	     16,767	   22,366	  2,395			213
	New York		 132,708	   3,588	    143,055       205,901	 11,819			162
	North Carolina	          57,738	      50	     60,856	   87,422	  4,860		      1,199
	North Dakota	           7,522	       0	      8,066	    8,581           298			  0
	Ohio	      		 107,700	       0	    111,932	  143,585         5,513			  0
	Oklahoma		  31,872	       0	     34,744	   41,890         6,895			  0
	Oregon			  26,338	     196	     32,828	   36,213         7,475		      2,819
	Pennsylvania		 101,958	       0	    107,244	  129,283         7,153			  0
	Rhode Island		   7,450	       2	      8,094	   10,154           529			  6
	South Carolina		  30,603	   1,307	     33,949	   53,237	  1,842		      2,029
	South Dakota		   8,442	     130	      8,936	    9,240	    276			 19
	Tennessee		  40,643	       0	     47,668	   64,514	  4,260		      1,691
	Texas			 163,191	       0	    178,889	  273,922	    ---			---
	Utah			  26,407	   1,299	     31,692	   32,933	    300		        166
	Vermont			   5,414	     163	      6,227	    6,398           ---			127
	Virginia		  56,140	     ---	     60,314	   77,527           ---		      1,287
	Washington		  47,235	      80	     55,847	   61,562	  4,399		          0
	West Virginia		  19,884	     ---	     21,507	   25,500	  1,319			452
	Wisconsin		  48,371	       0	     53,688	   59,058	  1,382			  0
	Wyoming			   5,997	      39	      6,548	    7,118	    ---			 43
	---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Outlying areas
	American Samoa		     738	       0		809	      874	     33		         11
	Guam			     985	       0	      1,154	      432	      0		          0
	Northern Marianas	     328	       0		384	    2,512	    ---		          0
	Puerto Rico		  27,718	  15,357	     32,610	   46,721	  6,299		          0
	Virgin Islands		     886	     148	      1,097	    1,496	     78		          0
	---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   	---      Data missing or not available.
	a/       Regular high school graduates may include summer graduates not included in 12th grade membership.
	b/       Includes recipients ages 19 or younger, except in Minnnesota where they are ages 20 or younger.
	c/       National totals for other diploma recipients, high school equivalency recipients and other high school
	         completers are undercounts due to missing data in some states.
	SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data,
	         "State Nonfiscal Survey."
        


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education