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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B23.Standard errors for Table A23:  Percentage of public combined school principals who 
           view certain issues as serious problems in their schools, by sex, age, experience, 
           and race-ethnicity of principals:  1993-94
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                                              Five most frequently identified problems in public combined schools
                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  Lack of parent                                            Students come     Parent alcohol/
Principal characteristics           involvement          Poverty        Student apathy   unprepared to learn    drug abuse
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Total                                  1.43               1.96               1.28               1.22               0.90
Sex
 Male                                  1.66               2.10               1.57               1.33               1.01
 Female                                2.44               3.29               2.65               2.29               1.99
Age
 Under 35                              8.61               6.20               6.31               3.91                 
 35-39                                 2.87               4.21               1.97               1.99               2.42
 40-44                                 2.64               4.37               3.38               3.33               1.80
 45-49                                 2.31               3.18               2.25               1.83               1.79
 50-54                                 4.34               4.14               3.03               2.61               2.58
 55 and over                           4.06               4.02               3.80               3.50               2.49
Experience as a principal
 Fewer than 3 years                    3.30               3.90               3.70               3.49               1.99
 3 to 9 years                          2.34               2.75               1.53               1.47               1.59
 10 years or more                      2.33               2.35               1.91               1.71               1.50
Race-ethnicity
 American Indian/Alaska Native         9.44               10.75                                                  6.72
 Asian/Pacific Islander                                  12.32              0.00                                 0.00
 Black non-Hispanic                    5.63               4.87               5.69               5.37               2.43
 White non-Hispanic                    1.51               1.96               1.21               1.06               0.94
 Hispanic                              7.23               16.94                                17.38                
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 Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
NOTE: Problems listed are the five most frequently identified in combined schools, in order of frequency.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey:  1993-94 
(Public School Principal Questionnaire).

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education