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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B17.-Standard errors for Table A17:  Percentage of public and private school principals 
           who view various issues as serious problems in their schools, by school level: 
           1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
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School problems                                                                   School level
                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Elementary                      Secondary                        Combined
                                         -----------------------------   -----------------------------   -----------------------------    
                                          1987-88   1990-91   1993-94     1987-88   1990-91   1993-94     1987-88   1990-91   1993-94
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PUBLIC
Teacher absenteeism                        0.16      0.15      0.18        0.31      0.27      0.15        0.72      0.49      0.34
Student tardiness                          0.25      0.32      0.29        0.52      0.45      0.47        0.61      0.87      0.64
Student absenteeism                        0.31      0.41      0.27        0.68      0.76      0.49        1.58      1.28      1.00
Students cutting class                     0.07      0.03      0.00        0.37      0.30      0.38        0.49      0.31      0.33
Student dropping out                       (a)       0.12      0.10        (a)       0.64      0.45        (a)       0.92      0.75
Student apathy                             (a)       0.40      0.38        (a)       0.74      0.55        (a)       1.64      1.28
Physical conflicts among students          0.27      0.25      0.28        0.25      0.25      0.25        0.61      0.65      0.74
Robbery or theft                           0.11      0.19      0.14        0.13      0.17      0.12        0.60      0.28      0.26
Vandalism of school property               0.12      0.21      0.25        0.17      0.20      0.14        0.55      0.19      0.30
Student pregnancy                          0.06      0.08      0.06        0.52      0.64      0.46        0.94      0.89      0.68
Student use of alcohol                     0.09      0.15      0.06        0.75      0.88      0.48        0.92      1.06      0.90
Student drug abuse                         0.07      0.11      0.05        0.52      0.39      0.41        0.60      0.60      0.68
Student possession of weapons               -         -        0.08         -         -        0.15         -         -        0.33
Student disrespect for teachers            (a)       0.29      0.32        (a)       0.38      0.34        (a)       0.73      1.00
Verbal abuse of teachers                   0.13      0.20      0.20        0.23      0.32      0.23        0.75      0.82      0.69
Lack of academic challenge                 (a)       0.27      0.20        (a)       0.39      0.30        (a)       1.26      0.54
Lack of parent involvement                 (a)       0.51      0.51        (a)       0.72      0.65        (a)       2.04      1.43
Parental alcohol/drug abuse                (a)       0.53      0.43        (a)       0.43      0.48        (a)       1.12      0.90
Poverty                                    (a)       0.65      0.74        (a)       0.74      0.64        (a)       1.52      1.96
Racial tension                             (a)       0.14      0.21        (a)       0.16      0.18        (a)       0.67      0.36
Students come unprepared to learn          (a)       (a)       0.58        (a)       (a)       0.51        (a)       (a)       1.22
Poor nutrition                             (a)       (a)       0.36        (a)       (a)       0.32        (a)       (a)       0.88
Poor student health                        (a)       (a)       0.31        (a)       (a)       0.19        (a)       (a)       1.06
Student problems with English language     (a)       (a)       0.47        (a)       (a)       0.29        (a)       (a)       0.44
Cultural conflict                          (a)       0.17      (a)         (a)       0.27      (a)         (a)       0.61      (a)
Physical abuse of teachers                  -         -        (a)          -         -        (a)          -        0.21      (a)
PRIVATE
Teacher absenteeism                         -         -         -           -         -         -           -         -         -
Student tardiness                          0.35      0.45      0.29        3.40      0.72      1.41        0.49      0.50      0.24
Student absenteeism                         -         -        0.00         -         -        1.16         -         -        0.28
Students cutting class                      -         -        0.00         -         -         -           -         -        0.05
Student dropping out                       (a)        -        0.00        (a)        -         -          (a)        -        0.04
Student apathy                             (a)       0.25      0.29        (a)       0.74      1.64        (a)       0.91      0.97
Physical conflicts among students           -         -         -           -         -        0.98         -         -        0.34
Robbery or theft                            -         -         -           -         -         -           -         -         -
Vandalism of school property                -         -        0.31         -         -        1.17        0.42       -        0.14
Student pregnancy                           -         -        0.00         -         -        1.16         -         -         -
Student use of alcohol                      -         -         -           -        1.02      3.30         -        0.30      0.38
Student drug abuse                          -         -         -           -         -        3.48         -         -        0.24
Student possession of weapons              0.00       -         -          0.00       -         -          0.00       -         -
Student disrespect for teachers            (a)        -        0.19        (a)        -        1.46        (a)        -        0.91
Verbal abuse of teachers                    -        0.32      0.11         -        0.66      0.78         -        1.01      1.00
Lack of academic challenge                 (a)        -         -          (a)        -         -          (a)        -         -
Lack of parent involvement                 (a)       0.45      0.32        (a)       1.60      1.48        (a)       0.86      0.86
Parental alcohol/drug abuse                (a)       0.16      0.21        (a)       1.58      2.14        (a)       1.47      0.72
Poverty                                    (a)       0.72      0.46        (a)       1.07      1.63        (a)       1.35      0.84
Racial tension                             (a)        -         -          (a)        -         -          (a)        -         -
Students come unprepared to learn          (a)       (a)       0.24        (a)       (a)       1.17        (a)       (a)       1.03
Poor nutrition                             (a)       (a)       0.37        (a)       (a)       0.00        (a)       (a)       0.70
Poor student health                        (a)       (a)       0.10        (a)       (a)       0.00        (a)       (a)       0.76
Student problems with English language     (a)       (a)       0.33        (a)       (a)       0.32        (a)       (a)       0.26
Cultural conflict                          (a)        -        (a)         (a)        -        (a)         (a)        -        (a)
Physical abuse of teachers                  -        0.05      (a)         0.00       -        (a)          -        0.16      (a)
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(a) Item not included on SASS questionnaire that year.
-Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey:  1993-94 
(Public and Private School Principal Questionnaires).

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